Home

 Sires

 Dams

 Portraits

 Turf Hallmarks

 Breeders

 Genetic Markers

 Resources

 Contributors

 Store

 Search our site

 E-mail us


 

Historic Sires

Foundation Sires

  Alphabetized Index

  Chronologic Index

Leading Sires

Sire Line Charts

  Byerley Turk Sire Line

  Darley Arabian Sire Line

  Godolphin Arabian Sire Line

Horses That Jump

Roots of Modern Show Jumpers

Related Information

Foundation Breeders

Foundation Sires Quick Links

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

  Foundation Sires of the Thoroughbred: S
graphic

Alphabetized List of Important 17th and 18th Century Stallions

Saltram
Saltram
Sampson
Sampson
Satellite
Satellite
Sedbury
Sedbury
Selim
Selim
Shakespear
Shakespear
Shark
Shark
SirSolomon
Sir Solomon
Skim
Skim
Skyscraper
Skyscraper
Snap
Snap
Lathams Snap
Latham's Snap
Sorceror
Sorceror
Spanking Roger
Spanking Roger
Sportsman
Sportsman
Lister's Squirrel
Lister's Squirrel
Cornforth's Squirrel
Cornforth's Squirrel
Starling
(Old/Bolton) Starling
Martindale Starling
(Martindale/Ancaster) Starling
Bolton Sweepstakes
Bolton Sweepstakes
Sweetbriar
Sweetbriar
Sweet William
Sweet William
St. Martin
SIRE: Spanker - D'ARCY YELLOW TURK.
DAM: Burton Barb Mare (Family 2).
C.1695. Ran at the turn of the century under Philip (1st) Duke of Wharton's ownership; in April of 1701 he beat Lord Devonshire's Dimple in "an extrodenary fine match, and for a great deal of money..." at Newmarket. He stood at the stud of Robert Bertie, Earl of Lindsey, later 1st Duke of Ancaster,in Lincolnshire, and continued in that stud for Peregrine Bertie, the second Duke. Grandson of the D'Arcy Yellow Turk, St. Martin was one of the major conduits for bringing that horse's line forward into the present by siring the (Old) Lady Mare, the Blink Eyed Mare and the Peg Mare of Family 14, and the Pudding mare of Family 28.
St. Victor Barb
Brought from France, purchased from a Monsieur St. Victor, possibly the same M. St. Victor who helped King James II's queen and infant son escape to France in 1688. He was a stallion in the stud of Captain William Rider, a warden of Whittlebury Forest, Northamptonshire. This horse probably dates to the first few years of the eighteenth century. His influence in thoroughbred bloodlines is remarkable, given his apparently limited opportunities. He was put to the grey Whynot mare in Rider's stud (Family 15) (by (Old) Whynot, a son of the Fenwick Barb), producing 2 colts and 2 fillies. His son from this mare, Bald Galloway, is seen in many pedigrees, through his son, Cartouch, and through his daughters, Grey Robinson (1723), the dam of Regulus; Roxana (1718), grandam of Matchem; the "dun" Silverlocks (1725, sister to Roxana), dam of the "duns" Brilliant and Buffcoat; Old Lady (not the (Old) Lady by St. Martin, but a 1715 mare), who is prominent in Family 17. The important filly from the St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot cross was called Points, who carried two branches of Family 15 forward.
Saltram
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Virago by (Old) Snap - mare by Regulus - sister to Black and all Black by (Old) Crab - Miss Slamerkin by Young True Blue - mare by Oxford Dun Arabian - D'Arcy's Royal Mare by Blacklegs (Family 7).
Dark Brown 1780. Bred by Lord Borington of Devon. Ran between 1783 and 1785. At 3, he won a 300 guineas sweep, beating Justice; the Epsom Derby, beating Dungannon and Phoenomenon; placed second in the Cumberland Stakes, beaten by Volunteer (running as Cornet). At 4 he won a match against Oliver at the Newmarket Second Spring, and placed in two other races. Sold to the Prince of Wales at the end of 1784, he ran one more year, with a win and a place. Although he won the Derby, his most important contribution was his siring of the good racehorse and important sire, particularly of broodmares, Whiskey (1789). Also got Whip (Family 52) and Oscar, both influential stallions in the U.S. He was also sent to the U.S., in 1799, where one daughter became the dam of Timoleon, and another third dam of Lexington.
Sampson
SIRE: Blaze - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Hip - mare by Spark - mare by Lister's Snake - (D'Arcy's) Queen by son of Hautboy - mare by Brimmer - Sedbury Royal Mare (Family 12).
Black 1745. Bred by James Preston and sold to Mr. Robinson of Malton. Ran from 1750 to 1752 at distances from three to five miles. At age 5 won a 50 purse at Malton, and another at Hambleton, beating some of the top horses of his day. He also won the King's Plate at Lichfield. At age 6, he won four King's Plates, at Canterbury, Winchester, Lewes and Newmarket, and the subscription plate at Newmarket, his sole races that year. At age 7, he lost the second heat of his only race, at Newmarket, against Thwackum, "with the mortification of being whipped for the first time." His failing eyesight was blamed, since "he had beaten Thwackum easily enough before." He first stood as a public stallion at Malton, then was sold to the Marquis of Rockingham to stand at his stud, where Sampson died in 1777. His more important offspring included Allabaculia, first winner of the St. Leger; Cantatrice, dam of Termagant; the dam of Sappho (later Mary Gray); the good racehorses Pilgrim and Bay Malton , and racehorse and important sire Engineer. Standing 15.2 hands, it was said he was the largest boned horse ever bred for a racer, the Marquis having taken his measurements, 8 1/2 inches front cannon bone, and 9 inches rear cannon bone. This may have contributed to the controversy surrounding his breeding, published in the pages of the Old Sporting Magazine, regarding the purity of D'Arcy's Queen's bloodlines, later resolved to be as indicated above.
Satellite
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Titania by Shakespeare - mare by Cade - mare by (Croft's) Partner - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb Mare (Family 4).
Chestnut 1774. Another chestnut son of Eclipse, but not as successful as his contemporaries by the same sire (Jupiter, born the same year; King Fergus a year later), he ran unsuccessfully at Newmarket as a 4 year old. In the stud of his owner-breeder, Sir Ferdinand Poole, he got Jemima, the dam of Mother Shipton (1794), of Tawny (1797) and of Blue Ruin (1806).
Scarborough Colt
SIRE: Tifter - THOULOUSE BARB
DAM: (Old) Scarborough mare by Makeless - mare by Brimmer (Family 25).
Black 1724. Bred by Sir William Wyvill, Yorkshire. He ran in the north around 1730. His dam had the distinction of being the only horse to beat the famous Bonny Black (the younger). Sired the dam of the top racehorse and later popular Irish sire, Antelope (1748), and through her daughter (Broadbottom), great-grandsire of the Coalition Colt (1749). He is also seen in Family 57 and Family 49, and also sired the dam of the racehorse Tarquin.
Second
SIRE: Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN
DAM: Sister to Soreheels by Basto - mare (sister to Mixbury) by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Curwen's) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner Mare (Family 9).
Brown 1732. One of an amazing collection of full siblings from the Basto mare, which included Blacklegs (1728), Bay Basto (1729), Hip (1733), Snip (1736) and Brown Basto (1738). Second ran at Newmarket in the late 1730s, beating Sultan and Partner in 1737, but lost to Spanking Roger in 1739. Sired Wildman's Leedes (1756); Childerkin (1749); Sharp (1759); the racemare and producer Charming Molly (Family 13); Maria (1755); the dam of the Cub Mare (Family 4); and racehorse and sire Merlin (1748).
Sedbury
SIRE: Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Old Montague Mare (by D'Arcy's Woodcock) -Lord Montague's Mare (Family 68).
Chestnut 1734. Bred by James (Jessop) D'Arcy (2nd Baron Navan) of Sedbury, Yorkshire, but credited to Andrew Wilkinson as breeder, due to D'Arcy's death before he was foaled. Wilkinson was married to Barbara Jessop, D'Arcy's sister, and Wilkinson's family had been horse breeders in Yorkshire for some years. "A horse of exquisite beauty, indisiputably the best horse of his size, at the time of his running," Sedbury was purchased as a yearling by Wilkinson's friend, Mr. Mann, and later sold to John Martindale of London and Berkshire. He won four King's plates and numerous races at Epsom, Oxford, Newmarket and elsewhere, before retiring as a stallion for Martindale in north Yorkshire. He beat the top horses of his day, such as Slipby, Cade and Chance. Sired racehorses and sires Soldier (1747) and Tantivy (1749); a mare leading to the taproot mare Diversion (Family 5); Miss Doe (dam of Cadenza, Banister); Miss Western (dam of Dairy Maid), Patty, and various unnamed mares. Wilkinson used to say he had sold the best horse in England for five guineas and never rued it. Sedbury covered in Yorkshire, and died at Leeming Lane in 1759.
Selaby (also Marshall) Turk
Imported 1699 by Richard Marshall, who succeeded Thomas Pulleine as Master of the Royal Stud in 1698, and served through the reign of King George I. The horse may have stood at Hampton Court, but was later removed to the Marshall seat on the Yorkshire-Durham border. Purportedly sired (Curwen's/Marshall's/Pelham's) Old Spot, who got dam of Mixbury and his sisters (Family 9); the dam of the racehorse and sire Wyndham (Wyndham) (c.1704) (Family 54); the sire Hutton's Grey Barb; and the possibly, but not probably, the Coppin Mare (Family 28). In the pedigrees of the Coppin Mare, Wyndham's dam, and Mixbury (Galloway), the dates do not accord: Mixbury Galloway was foaled around 1704; his dam, then, by (Old) Spot, who was by a Selaby Turk, could not have been foaled much after 1700, and probably was born prior to that, and her sire, (Old) Spot, almost certainly some time in the mid-1690s, if not earlier. The same time issue applies to the mare in the Wyndham pedigree. A different discrepancy in the pedigree of the Coppin Mare (see) also involves the Selaby Turk, causing historian C.M. Prior to suggest there was another horse by that name in England some years earlier than 1699.
Selim
SIRE: Bajazet - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Miss Thigh by Rib - (Grisewood's) Lady Thigh by Partner - mare by Greyhound - Sophonisba's dam by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by Darcy's Chestnut Arabian - famous mare of Lord Montague's (erroneously entered as part of Family 12, which see).
Bay 1760. Bred by the Duke of Cumberland. Ran between 1765 and 1768, mostly at Newmarket, but also Marlborough and Salisbury, in all winning five races..
Selim
SIRE: Buzzard - Woodpecker - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Alexander- mare by Highflyer - mare by Alfred - mare by Engineer - mare by Cade - Lass of the Mill by Traveller - Miss Makeless by Young Greyhound - mare by (Old) Partner - Brown Woodcock by Woodcock - Lusty Thornton by Croft's Bay Barb - Chestnut Thornton by Makeless - Old Thornton by Brimmer- mare by Dicky Pierson - Burton Barb Mare (Family 2).
Chestnut 1802. Bred by General Sparrow; purchased as a three year old by the Prince of Wales. "So full of quality, and so majestic altogether that no one would have suspected him to be the workman he was at all distances," turf observer The Druid noted. His dam, weedy as a youngster, was given away; a costly error for her owner, the Duke of Queensberry, for she foaled the "wonderful leash of brothers," Selim, Castrel (1801) and Rubens(1805), and Oaks winner Bronze (1803). Selim ran between 1806 and 1808, winning the Oatlands at Newmarket twice, and the Craven Stakes at Newmarket in 1807. He bested the mare Lydia in a 200 guineas match in 1808, but failed to win thereafter; his final race was a match at Newmarket that year, where he was beaten by the top racemare Violante. Retired to the Duke of Cumberland's stud, he was given to Colonel Leigh when it was dispersed. Sired Derby winner Azor, Langar, Fandago and Sultan (sire of Glencoe), and daughters Medora (Family 4), sisters Scratch and Scandal (Family 11), sisters Quadrille and Varennes (Family 22).
Shaftesbury Turk
This horse was imported into England around 1680, and belonged to Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, first Earl of Shaftesbury. Bred to Tregonwell's Snorting Bess, he sired a filly who was described, in 1684, as "one of the finest Turkish mares in England," although not imported. Some turf writers have speculated that this filly was the foundation mare of Family 1, "Tregonwell's Natural Barb Mare." The speculation appears to be based on the fact that Mr. Tregonwell owned Snorting Bess; on the testamentary letter regarding her daughter's qualities; on the subsequent breeding from her, which ties in with the human family connections; and on the fact that Tregonwell resided in Dorset, which was also the location of the seat of the Earls of Shaftesbury (Ashley House, Wimborne St. Giles). In the GSB, the Shaftesbury Turk is credited with siring a colt, Lonsdale Counsellor, from Bay Darcy (by D'Arcy Yellow Turk), a mare owned by Shaftesbury and sold with colt at side to the first Viscount Lonsdale. Lonsdale Counsellor sired, in turn, D'Arcy's Counsellor, who figures prominently in early pedigrees. However, it appears a cross was dropped in the GSB pedigree of Lonsdale Counsellor; a pedigree of the racehorse Fig (1733), detailed in Cuthbert Routh's studbook (as published by C.M. Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse), indicates an unidentified son of the Shaftesbury Turk was the sire of Londsale's Counsellor, and that his dam was a mare by the D'Arcy White Turk, from a daughter of the D'Arcy Yellow Turk (presumably Bay Darcy).
Shakespeare
SIRE: Hobgoblin - Aleppo - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Amoret (Little Hartley mare) by Bartlett's Childers - Flying Whigg by Woodstock Arabian - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot by Whynot - Royal Mare (Family 15).
Chestnut 1745. Bred by Sir John Moore; his dam also produced Janus, Blank and Tortoise for Lord Godolphin prior to her sale to Sir John Dutton in 1741. Ran from 1749 to 1753. Placed second in his only race at 4 at Newmarket. At 5, beat Snail and five others in a 4 mile race for five year olds. At 6, won the King's Plate at Guildford and the King's Plate at Lincoln (4 miles each). He won a race at Newmarket in April of 1753, but in a Jockey Club Plate in April he broke down during the second heat, his last run on the turf. Sired Titania (1760), dam of Satellite (see above); racehorse Pincher and his sister Polly, a producer; Diana, the dam of Acteon, and a number of other good mares.
Shark
SIRE: Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Snap - Warwickshire Wag's dam by Marlborough - a natural barb mare (Family 56).
Brown 1771. Bred by and owned by Charles and Robert Pigott, of three notorious brothers, "Shark," "Louse" and "Black,"of Huntingdonshire. Shark raced at Newmarket between 1774 and 1779, his best races included a 1774 match for 500 guineas, when he beat Postmaster; a 1775 subscription sweep, and the Clermont Cup that year, and a rich 1,000 guineas match in September, beating Johnny. In all, he won 19 of his 29 starts, 16,057 guineas plus "The Whip," the Clermont Cup and eleven hogsheads of claret. This was apparently more than any horse had ever won to that time. Retired to stud in 1779, his stock was at first not successful, and in 1786 he was sold at Tattersall's to a dealer who exported him to Virginia, where he was a successful broodmare sire in the Spotswood stud on the Rappahannock and later south of the James River. His daughters are frequently seen in the early matriarchy of the American turf. In England he left a daughter, Violet (1787), who produced a series of useful racehorses, including Theophania (1800, Epsom Oaks winner), Symmetry (1795, Doncaster St. Leger winner), and Lennox (1798, York's Ladies Plate), all by Delpini, and through her (second dam of St. Leger winner Soothsayer and third dam of St. Leger winner Jerry) seen in many English pedigrees.
Sheffield Barb
A stallion not mentioned in the GSB, probably imported into England in 1610 from Marseilles (France) via Paris, during the reign of James I (1603-1625). Apparently three nobles purchased horses there at the same time, in 1609--Lord Cranborne (after 2nd Earl of Salisbury); Sir Thomas Howard (son of the Earl of Suffolk who was Master of the Horse to Charles II when he was Prince of Wales); Sir John Sheffield, probably a younger son of Edmund (b. 1565), Baron Sheffield and later first Earl of Mulgrave, whose mother was a Howard. Sir John's horse was "...beather then eny of the other; but as I heare he payed well for hime, for it cost Sir Jhan Shefilld, before he had hime braught to Paris, on hundred and fortie pound." A list of mares (owned by George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, Master of Horse for James I and his intimate friend) covered at the Hampton Court (Royal) Stud around 1620 shows three mares, one "Spanysh" and two "barbery" were put to the "Barbery Sheffeeld" or "Barbe Cheffeld." Prior [Royal Studs} indicates this may have been the Sheffield Barb purchased by Sir John in France. It is possible that mares descended from the Sheffield Barb were among those "Royal" foundation mares and other early barb mares recorded at the end of the century in the GSB.
Shuttle
SIRE: Young Marske -Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by (Vauxhall) Snap - Hip by Herod - mare by Godolphin Arabian - mare by Hobgoblin - mare by Whitefoot - mare by Leedes - Moonah Barb Mare (Family 21).
Bay 1793. He does not appear to have run in the more prominent subscription races and stakes of the period, but he did face the famous Diamond (by Highflyer) in a 1,000 Guineas match at Doncaster, which he lost for his owner and probable breeder, Sir Henry Tempest-Vane (sometimes Vane Tempest), an avid turfite. He did rather better at Vane-Tempest's stud, getting a large number of mares. Sired Stavely, winner of the 1805 St. Leger for Colonel Mellish, the good racehorse Middlethorpe, and Pope (1807), who sired 2,000 Guineas winner Schahriar. Also sired a number of good broodmares, including the dams of Molyneux (1810); Lady of the Vale; Cambyses and Antelope (by Smolensko); Figurante (by Comus); Zingara (by Tramp); Wanton (by Woful); Shuttlecock (by Orville); Elephant (by Filho da Puta).
Silvio
SIRE: Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mab by Hobgoblin - Little Bowes by Brother to Mixbury - Bowes by Hutton's Grey Barb - mare by Byerley Turk - mare by Selaby Turk - mare by Hautboy - mare by son of Helmsley Turk - mare by Dodsworth - mare by Burton Barb Mare (Family 2).
Bay 1754. Bred by John Hutton, Marske Hall, Yorkshire. Ran from about 1759 through 1764, almost always ridden by jockey Charles Dawson of Richmond; finally a "bride," winning the Richmond Gold Cup of 1764 after losing that same race to the same horse, Dainty Davie, four times previously. Both he and his brother, "Brother to Silvio," were important in the development of Family 8, and his brother in Family 16.
Sir Harry
SIRE: Sir Peter Teazle - Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Matron by Alfred - Pilot's dam by Marske - mare by Regulus -mare by Steady - mare by (Old) Partner (Family 4).
Brown 1795.
Sir Peter Teazle
SIRE: Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Papillon - Miss Cleveland - Midge - Barlett's Childers mare - Honywood's Arabian mare - Dam of the Two True Blues (Family 3).
Brown 1784.
Sir Solomon (also Tankersley)
SIRE: Sir Peter Teazle - Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Matron by Florizel - Maiden by Matchem - Pratt's Old Mare by Squire - mare by Mogul - Camilla by Bay Bolton - mare by son of Brownlow Turk - Old Lady by Pulleine Arabian (Family 24).
Bay 1796. Ran between 1799 and 1802. Did not win in four races at 3, was sold to J. Johnson and renamed Sir Solomon. At 4, won the King's Plate at Nottingham and also at York, and one other race out of 7. In 1801 he hit his stride, winning all but one race, his successful 4 mile match against Cockfighter, in which he was never headed, at Doncaster, long-remembered. In 1802 he won four races, including the Newcastle Cup and the Newmarket Great Subscription Stakes. Sold to Lumley Savile at the end of the season, and retired to the Savile stud. He died in 1819. Not particularly successful as a sire; sired the dam of Sir Hercules.
Skim (also Farmer)
SIRE: (Old) Starling - Bay Bolton - Grey Hautboy - (Old) Hautboy - WHITE D'ARCY TURK.
DAM: Miss Maye's little mare (sister to Coughing Polly) by Bartlett's Childers - mare by (Wood's) Counsellor - mare by (Old) Snake - mare by Luggs - mare by (Davill's Old) Woodcock (Family 19).
Grey 1746. Bred by Cuthbert Routh and apparently owned in partnership with his trainer, Thomas Jackson. Sold to Lord Portmore in 1750. Did well at trials for Routh; after being sold to Portmore won the first of the Great Subscription plates at York in 1751. One in the last prominent generation in sire descent from the D'Arcy White Turk, he sent the line forward through his daughters-- one unnamed daughter (1758), bred to Herod, produced the mare Expectation, who is present in several branches of Family 4 (Maniac, Fair Helen, Alice Hawthorne). He also sired Young Hag (1761), the main taproot mare of Family 5.
Skyscraper
SIRE: Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Everlasting by Eclipse - Hyaena by Snap - Miss Belsea by Regulus - mare by Bartlett's Childers - mare by Honeywood Arabian - dam of the two True Blues (Family 3).
Bay 1786. Bred and owned by the Duke of Bedford. He ran between 1789 and 1793, primarily at Newmarket. At 3 he won the Epsom Derby Stakes, a 500 guineas match against Maid of All Work, and the Prince's Stakes at Newmarket, in addition to two other races. His other wins included the Jockey Club Stakes at Newmarket in 1790; the 1790 Subscription purse at Newmarket in October, beating Escape; the Prince of Wales Plate at Stockbridge in 1792; the 1792 King's Plate at Winchester, and a number of others. He was a moderately successful sire.
Sloe
SIRE: (Old) Crab - ALCOCK ARABIAN.
DAM: Mare by Flying Childers - Mermaid by Sutton Turk - mare by Makeless - sister to Honeycomb Punch by Taffolet Barb (Family 33).
Black 1740. Bred and raced by Thomas Panton, he was the undefeated winner of eight races, including the King's Plates at Newmarket, Winchester, Canterbury and Lewes (walk-overs in the latter three) and the important 300 guineas sweepstakes at Newmarket. He was 14.3-1/2 hands. Sired a colt, (Leedes) Sloe (1749), for whom Lord Mazarene paid 150 Guineas as a 2 year old; the mare Fair Forester (1753), dam of three racing fillies, including Perdita by Herod and the dam of Oaks winner Yellow Filly; a colt named Sweeper (1751) out of a Mogul mare.
(Bolton's) Sloven
SIRE: Bay Bolton - Grey Hautboy - (Old) Hautboy - WHITE D'ARCY TURK
DAM: Sister to Mixbury by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Old) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner Mare (Family 9).
Brown 1718. Bred by the Duke of Bolton, Yorkshire. Ran in the mid 1720s; was beaten by (Old) Partner in a 4 mile match at Newmarket in 1724. Sired Young Coquette (1734), dam of the good Irish runner Bolton (by Whitefoot) and several others and key mare in Family 44. It was his sister (1728), however, who had a lasting impact on the breed through Family 9.
Slugg
See Old England.
Smales' Childers (also Young Childers)
SIRE: Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Byerley Turk - mare by Whynot (Probably Family 62).
C. 1726. Bred by Matthew Smales of Gilling, Yorkshire; sold to Mr. Justice in 1734. Sired Turpin (1737), who was run by his owner-breeder Cuthbert Routh in the 1740s.
Smiling Ball
SIRE: [Aklam Merlin] - (Old) Merlin - HELMSLEY TURK.
DAM: Mare by Curwen Bay Barb - Mare by (Old) Spot - Mare by (D'Arcy's) Woodcock Family 18
Chestnut C. 1721. Famous north country racehorse, bred by Joseph Gace, whose family had been at Panton House in Panton, Lincolnshire since before 1677. Pick's Turf Register says his sire was (Old) Merlin, but later testimony based on the Curwen stud book stated he was by a son of (Old) Merlin. (Old) Merlin, in his latter years, was sold to Peter Aklam of Low Hall, Hornsea (east Yorkshire) and stood at William Strickland's (partner of Henry Curwen's) nearby Boynton Stud. This "Aklam Merlin" was sold to Gace, and "was thought to be one of the best Hunters in the Kingdom." Smiling Ball, later sold to John Turner, and then the Earl of Essex, was an incredibly tough weight-carrier that beat the best of his day. In 1728 at Newmarket, carrying 9 stone, he beat Miss Wilkinson over four miles in a 200 guineas match, and three hours later ran another 200 guineas four-mile match (this time carrying 7 st.) against (Old) Partner, which he also won. He went on that year to win 80 guineas at Stamford (beating Lady Thigh), 50 guineas at Oxford, 50 guineas at Bath, and the Gold Cup at Warwick, beating Singlepeeper and Lamprie. The next season he won five races: A fifty at Guildford (carrying 10 st.), beating Singlepeeper and Bumper; the Andover Gold Cup, 30 £ at Grantham (beating Heneage's Whitenose and three others), 40 guineas at Leicester, and 40 guineas at Epsom. Turner, an agent for Essex, was given the horse after his turf career was done; he stood in and around Richmond, Yorkshire. Got Mewburn's Smiling Ball, Harpur's Darling, Ploughman, Venture, Arundale's Fancy, and some other runners.
(Gallant's) Smiling Tom
SIRE: CONYERS ARABIAN.
DAM: Mare by Chillaby - mare by Makeless.
C. 1724. Stood at Hampton Court. Sired a filly out of a mare owned by Wilberforce Read; she won the Subscription Plate at Hambleton and two plates at Stockton and Sunderland, ridden by John Singleton. It was his riding of this Gallant Tom filly that led to his position as jockey and trainer for the Marquis of Rockingham, for whom he rode Bay Malton and others, and he is generally credited with being the first great professional jockey. Gallant Tom also sired Lucy (dam of Single-peeper by Regulus (1748) and Grandison by Sloe (1750)), owned by Mr. Read, and Plunder (Family 72), the latter "the best plate horse now in Yorkshire" owned by John Brewster Darley.
(Wharton's or Old ) Snail (sometimes Smales)
SIRE: Why Not - FENWICK BARB.
DAM: Mare by Wilkinson's Bay Arabian - Natural Barb Mare (Family 43).
C. 1712. Bred by Matthew Smales of Gilling, Yorkshire, sold to the fifth Lord Wharton (later Duke of Wharton). A Wharton's Snail of apparent unknown pedigree ran in 1698 at Newmarket, against a horse owned by Sir John Parsons, and was prevented from finishing a heat by spectators on the course. It is extremely unlikely this Snail, who must have been at least 5 when running in 1698, was still running in 1718, when a Wharton's Snail (by Whynot) was beaten by the famous Brocklesby Betty in a match at Newmarket for 200 guineas. The GSB gives the above pedigree (Family 43) for "Old Snail" that ran in 1718, however, a case can be made for the earlier Snail, c. 1693, as the horse out of Wilkinson's Bay Arabian mare and by Old Grey Whynot. The GSB credits Snail, probably the younger one, with siring (Witty's) Milkmaid (1720), seen in Family 48; Young Kitty Burdett (1720). There was also a later Snail, owned by Sir Edward Blackett, who ran at York in 1726 (beating Witty's Milkmaid), who must have been born around 1720-21. There was also a Snail by (Old) Partner, who ran in the 1750s.
(Lister's/Bowes') Snake
SIRE: LISTER TURK.
DAM: Mare by Hautboy.
C. 1705. "Never trained, incapable of racing by a tumerous swelling, supposed to have been produced by sting or bite of some venemous reptile, on which account he was named." Presumably bred by Matthew Lister of Lincolnshire, who stood the Lister Turk. Significant early sire seen in many pedigrees of early racehorses and in present-day pedigrees, as well. Sired Worlock Galloway (a.k.a. Cloudy, noted in the GSB as "Warlock" Galloway), a racemare owned by Captain Worlock, later passing into Cuthbert Routh's stud in Yorkshire. She bred the dam of Judgment and Apollo; the racehorse Trumpery (Abigail); the racehorse Blackeyes; the racehorse and sire Othello; Portmore's Cub (1739), and is ancestress of Fleur de Lis, Meteora, and others. Snake also sired the dams of Whitefoot (Hartley's, 1729) and Whitestockings (Family 13); the dam of Grey Robinson (Family 11) and Squirt (by Bartlett's Childers). Also sired three youngsters from an Acaster [Carlisle] Turk Mare--the famous William's Squirrel (see below), racehorse and sire; racemare and producer Molly in the Moss (1721); and Easby Snake (a.k.a. Smith's son of Snake, 17--, see below).
(Easby) Snake (also Smith's Son of Snake)
SIRE: Lister's Snake - LISTER TURK.
DAM: Mare by Acaster Turk - mare by son of Pulleine's Arabian - mare by Brimmer (Family 70). Bred by Joseph Smith of Beverley, Yorkshire.
Bay 17--. He produced several daughters who bred or were grandams of good racehorses, and, most importantly, sired Mother Western, dam of Miss Western and Spiletta (1749, by Regulus--dam of Eclipse, Family 12). Probably also the sire of of the dam of Cottingham, winner of the Royal Plate at York in 1741(Family 54).
Snap (Old)
SIRE: Snip - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Old Fox mare (Sister to Slipby) - Gipsy - Newcastle Turk mare - Byerley Turk mare - Taffolet Barb mare - mare by Place's White Turk - Tregonwell's Natural Barb Mare (Family 1).
Brown/Black 1750. Bred by Cuthbert Routh and sold upon his death in 1752 to Jenison Shafto, of West Wratting near Newmarket. Undefeated winner, Snap only ran four races, beating Marske twice, and Sweepstakes, in matches, and winning the Free Plate at York. He was considered a horse of "great power." He was enormously popular at stud, the saying "Snap for Speed" being one many breeders took to heart. Leading sire four times, 1767-69 and 1771, he got 261 winners in twenty-one years at stud, considered an impressive feat at the end of the 18th century. He got some sons of contemporary importance, such as (Latham's) Snap, Goldfinder, and Mexican, who was imported into the U.S. His daughters were more significant: four of them produced Epsom Oaks winners -- Curiosity (1760), Virago (1764), Jemima (1769), Miss Euston (1774). Daughter Papillon, was dam of Derby winner Sir Peter Teazle, and Angelica produced Derby winner Assasin. Other daughters included Snapdragon, dam of Rarity; the highly significant broodmare Promise (Family 1), dam of the mares Peppermint and Prunella; and a great many unnamed mares, including the dam of the significant (imported U.S. stallion Shark (by Marske). He died at West Wratting in 1777.
(Latham's) Snap
SIRE: (Old) Snap - Snip - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by (Old) Cade - mare by (Old) Partner - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
Bay 1759. Owned by Mr. Latham. More important as a racehorse than sire. Ran from 1764 to 1768, a "good, honest, and game racer." In 1764 won at Guildford, Ascot, Blandford, Durham, Barnet, Odsey, and Odiham, winning most of his races, from two to four miles, a heavy schedule for the time. In 1765 won at Epsom, Marlborough, Winchester, and Odsey, his only races that year, all at four miles. In 1766 he won a race against Crop, Looby and General. He fell lame during the second heat of his next race at Ascot, but was run in the third heat, anyway, which he lost. In 1767 he ran once at Epsom, beating Ploughboy and the good racemare Leopardess. In 1768 he lost at Bedford and Epsom, and was retired, finally, from the turf, spending his stud years at the General Sparrow's stud in Cheshire. His daughter Thisbe (1770) is seen tail-female in various winners through the 19th century.
(Chedworth's) Snap
SIRE: (Old) Snap - Snip - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Young Bowes by Dormouse - Little Bowes by brother to Mixbury - Bowes by Hutton's Grey Barb - mare by Byerley Turk - mare by Selaby Turk - mare by Hautboy - sister to Morgan's Dun by son of Helmsley Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Burton Barb Mare (Family 2).
Bay 1760. Bred by John Howe, Baron Chedworth, of Gloucester. Sired the dam of a good Newmarket racehorse, Skylark (1786), racemare and producer Pope Joan, and several others.
(Old) Snip
SIRE: Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Sister to Soreheels by Basto - mare (sister to Mixbury) by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Curwen's) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner Mare (Family 9).
Bay 1736. Bred and raced by the (3rd) Duke of Devonshire. Brother to Blacklegs (1728), Bay Basto (1729), Hip (1733), Second (1732) and Brown Basto (1738). Ran in the 1740s, apparently not with much success, winning a fifty at Beccles (Suffolk). He was a stallion for William Parker in Newcastle, and later moved to Kenton, Northumberland. His significance is derived from his siring (Old) Snap (see above), although he also got the good racing colts, Prince T'quassaw (1751), Judgment (1751), and Swiss (1757). His daughters were mares important in families 17 and 64, the dam of Cardinal Puff and the dams of other good racing horses of the '50s and '60s.
(Young) Snip
SIRE: Snip - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Miss Meredith by Cade - Amoret (Little Hartley mare) by Bartlett's Childers - Flying Whigg by Woodstock Arabian - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot by Whynot - Royal Mare (Family 15).
Bay 1757. He got the racehorse Ferdinando (1761), and the dams of some good racehorses, including the dam of Pompey (1768 by Sultan) and Herodias (1775 by Herod); about ten foals total listed in the GSB.
Somerset Arabian
Unknown parentage. Bay 17--. Owned by the sixth Duke of Somerset, probably located at the famous Somerset stud in Sussex. He covered the top racemare, Bald Charlotte (a.k.a. Lady Legs) at the Duke's stud in 1736, producing the racehorse, Cupid (1736), and a grey filly, who produced a racehorse named Trooper (by Blank) and a grey colt (by Buffcoat). Either the grey filly or an unrecorded sister produced Kitty Fisher (1756, by Cade), the latter exported to the U.S. to become an important American mare
Sorcerer
SIRE: Trumpator - Conductor - Matchem - Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Young Giantess by Diomed - Giantess by Matchem - Molly Longlegs by Babraham -mare by (Cole's) Foxhunter - mare by (Old) Partner - mare by Bald Galloway - sister to Chaunter by Acaster Turk - Cream Cheeks - Family 6 or Wyvill Roan mare.
Black 1796. Bred by Sir Charles Bunbury at his stud in Suffolk. The "most celebrated and successful stallion of his day," he stood 16.1 1/2 hands. A good, but not great, racehorse, he ran from 1799 through 1801. Sorcerer became a leading sire (1811-1813). Some of his many successful offspring include the classic winners Smolensko (1810, Derby and 2,000 Guineas); Soothsayer (1808, St. Leger); Oaks winners Morel (1805), Maid of Orleans (1806) and Sorcery (1808). He also sired Trophonius (2,000 guineas and Newmarket Stakes); Comus (winner at Newmarket and important sire); Thunderbolt (Newmarket Stakes); Wizard (2,000 Guineas); Witch of Endor (July Stakes at Newmarket), and many more. Turf observers commented on his retention of the black color, derived [via his dam] from the Byerley Turk, "after so many successive generations."
Soreheels
SIRE: Basto - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Sister to Mixbury by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Old) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner mare (Family 9).
C. 1720. Sired the dam of the racehorses Matchless (1754) and South (see below), Grey Soreheels (1726), a mare seen in Family 13 (1742, second dam of Rutilia and Ruth), a number of unnamed fillies and colts for John Croft of Yorkshire, and a few youngsters for Sir Ralph Fagg.
South
SIRE: Regulus -GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Soreheels - Milbanke's black mare by Makeless - D'Arcy royal mare by Blunderbuss - Grey Royal by D'Arcy White Turk - mare by D'Arcy Yellow Turk - Sedbury Royal Mare (Family 13).
Bay 1750. Bred by Simon Scrope at Masham, Yorkshire, and sold to Sir John Moore. Ran in the mid 1750s: won a 500 guineas match, beating Jason, placed third in a 4 mile purse run at Newmarket in 1754, and ran one other time. Retired to Moore's stud and bred mostly to Moore's own mares, he got the siblings Confederate (1758), Friar (1759) and Amazon (1764); the good racehorse Laycock (1764); brothers South East (1761) and Cormorant (1763); Magog (1762); South West (1760) and sister Miss South (1759, the dam of Trentham); the unnamed dam of Czarina (1767), Polydore (1772), Bumper (1776); an unnamed mare in Family 27.
Spadille
SIRE: Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Flora by Squirrel - Angelica by Snap - mare by Regulus - mare by Bartlett's Childers - sister to True Blue by Honeywood Arabian - Dam of the Two True Blues (Family 3).
Bay 1784. Bred and run by the ninth Duke Hamilton. Doncaster St. Leger winner of 1787; also won the Great Subscription stakes at York in 1791, and other races in the north. Retired to Hamilton's stud. Sired Manilla (1796); Quatorze (1795); Spindleshanks (1798); Vole (1795), the dam (1793) of Lady Eliza (1813, Family 8), and several others, including Doncaster Cup winner Dion, who was sold to John Hoomes of Caroline County, Virginia and imported to the U.S. in 1801. Dion appears in the pedigrees of some early American matriarchs.
(Old) Spanker (Pelham Arabian)
SIRE: D'ARCY YELLOW TURK.
DAM: Old Morocco Mare byFairfax Morocco Barb - Old Bald Peg (Family 6).
Bay 1678. Bred by George Villiers, (2nd) Duke of Buckingham, later passed into the hands of Charles Pelham, and stood at his famous stud in Lincolnshire. Purportedly the best horse at Newmarket during the reign of Charles II (1660-1685) reign. A horse of significance to the breed, he sired (Wharton's/Old) Careless, a famous racehorse and later influential sire; St. Martin (1695), also a racehorse and influential sire (see above). Also probably sired a colt called Young Spanker, who is seen in Family 44 and is probably the horse who sired Bay Peg (rather than the Leedes Arabian or (Old) Spanker, as the GSB indicates (Family 6)). Spanker's daughters included the foundation mare of Family 27 and the foundation mare of Family 42.
Spanking Roger
SIRE: Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Cyprus Arabian - mare by Spanker or Young Spanker.
Chestnut 1732. Bred by Earl of Essex, he passed through several hands, first running for Sir Edmund Bacon. Ran between 1737 and 1739, mostly in the south, beating the country's best horses at distances of four miles. He was unbeaten, except for one race at Lichfield in 1739, when he threw his rider. In 1741 he collapsed and died after running a trial.
Spark
SIRE: Honeycomb Punch - TAFFOLET BARB.
DAM: (Wilkes' Old) Hautboy Mare - (Wyvill's) Clubfoot (Family 34).
C. 17--. Probably the Spark owned by Tregonwell Frampton, who ran (and lost) in a match race at Newmarket in 1708. He sired some foals out of mares in Cuthbert Routh's stud in the 1720s.
(Bolton's) Spark
SIRE: Bay Bolton - Grey Hautboy - (Old) Hautboy - WHITE D'ARCY TURK
DAM: Mare by son of the Brownlow Turk - (Old) Lady by Pulleine's Chestnut Arabian - mare by Rockwood - mare by Helmsley Turk (Family 24).
Chestnut 1720. Bred by the Duke of Bolton. Brother to the much more successful (Bolton) Starling (see below), he stood in the stud of the first Earl of Bristol in Suffolk, and was returned to the Duke when Hervey closed down his stud in 1737: "...as your Grace was so kind as to lett me have Sparke for a stallion (who I cannot say hath at all suited the mares you left me, whatever dame he came out of), and knowing you would not be willing to lett Bay Bolton's blood go into any other hands, makes me give your Grace the trouble to lett you know that if you please to have him again, he is very much at your service..." Spark got "one of the very best" mares of Hervey's, from a daughter of the Marlborough mare, which he presented to Stephen Fox, later Earl of Ilchester.
Spectator
SIRE: Crab - ALCOCK ARABIAN.
DAM: Mare by (Old) Partner - Bonny Lass by Bay Bolton - mare by Darley Arabian - mare by Byerley Turk - mare by Taffolet Barb - mare by Place's White Turk - Tregonwell's Natural Barb mare (Family 1).
Bay 1749. Owned by Thomas Panton, he ran in the mid 1750s, mostly at Newmarket; he lost a subscription purse for 5 year olds to Jason in 1754; won the Jockey Club Plate in 1756, and placed second in the same race the following year, to Jason. Stood at the third Duke of Ancaster's stud. He sired Mark Anthony (1767), thus grandsire to Derby winner Aimwell (1782); but was best as a broodmare sire, getting Juno (dam of Young Eclipse, Hydra); her sister (important in Family 6); Io (dam of Creeping Kate, Patriot); Cleopatra (dam of Thornville); Emma (dam of Rattler); Erato (dam of Orphan); Fidget (dam of Satellite) ; Slut (dam of Hylas); the foundation mare of Family 47, and many more.
Sportsman
SIRE: Whitefoot - BLOODY BUTTOCKS.
DAM: Mare by Nathan - mare by Dumplin - mare by Leedes - Grey WhyNot by Whynot - Royal Mare (Family 15).
Bred and owned by Earl Strange. Bay 1747. Ran from 1752 to 1754 over 3 and 4 miles. In 1752 he won 50 at Stamford, beating Regulus (by Regulus) and Charming Molly, and in October of that year won 50 at Newmarket in a race for 5 year olds over 4 miles. At age 6 he won the King's Plate at Guildford, at Salisbury and at Winchester. In 1754 he won the King's Plate at the Newmarket spring meet, beating Bandy, but lost to him in a match a month later. In May of that year he ran in a grueling 4 mile Subscription purse (3 heats), beaten by Antelope; it was his last race.
(Warren's) Sportsman
SIRE: Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Silvertail by (Henage's) Whitenose - mare by Rattle - mare by Darley Arabian - mare by Gresley's Bay Arabian - Cook's Vixen by Helmsley Turk - Dodsworth-s dam (Family 32).
Bay 1753. Bred by Burlace Warren. Ran in the late 1750s and early '60s; placed third in the Jockey Club Purse of 1762 (won by Pangloss). Gained a form of thoroughbred immortality by siring Sportsmistress (1765), dam of the important sire, Pot-8-Os.
(Curwen's/Pelham's or Old) Spot
SIRE: SELABY TURK.
DAM: Not stated, possibly mare by Selaby Turk - mare by Bustler - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth (Family 54).
C. 16--. Also sometimes called Marshall's Spot. One source indicates this horse was a brother to the dam of Windham (Selaby Turk Mare), which would make him a member of Family 54. Reportedly bred the famous Curwen/Pelham Old Spot mare, dam of Mixbury Galloway and his sisters (Partner's dam and Sloven's dam) and the filly (Frampton's) Whiteneck, a racehorse in 1709-11, and later dam of the Grey White Neck mare (grandam of Flirt, Grey Snip, Bay Snip, Ancaster Whiteneck) (all Family 9). Also sired a mare important in Family 18, and one important in Family 44, who was the dam of Old Coquette (c.1722) and a filly (17--) by Basto. There is a serious date discrepancy in this horse's pedigree, as offered in the General Stud book. Mixbury Galloway was born around 1704; his dam, therefore could not have been born much after 1700, and probably before that. Thus, her sire, (Old) Spot, would have been foaled in the mid 1690s, if not earlier. The Selaby Turk imported in 1699, therefore, could not have been his sire; C.M. Prior posits, in association with another Selaby Turk discrepancy (see Family 28), that there was another horse by that name in England in the late seventeenth century.
(Hutton's) Spot
SIRE: Hartley's Blind Horse - HOLDERNESS TURK.
DAM: Mare by Surley - mare by Coneyskins - mare by Hautboy - (Wyvill's) Clubfoot (Family 34).
Grey 1728. Bred by John Hutton at Marske, Yorkshire. Important early sire from the famous Hutton stud. Sired Stripling, who ran in 1750 - 51 at York and Bishop Auckland, and more importantly, his sister, who is the foundation mare of Family 16, their dam's identity unknown, although a case has been made that she actually traces to Family 8. Other important daughters were the dam of Portia (1758, by Regulus), also of Vixen, Julia, and a colt Brisk (1765), important in Family 8; the dam of Hutton's Careless (1753) and his sister, dam of three fillies); a sister to Bay Ranger (1749, retained as a stallion in the Marske stud), Anthony (1748) and Mixbury (1743), who produced the racehorse Chestnut Ranger (1759, by Regulus) and was an ancestress of Beeswing (1833); a mare from a Mogul filly, who produced the racehorse Favourite (1758, by Tartar) and a filly by the Wilson Arabian, who eventually led to Mumtaz Mahal (an extension of Family 9-c).
Spread Eagle
SIRE: Volunteer - Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Mare by Highflyer - mare by Engineer - mare by Cade - Lass of the Mill by Traveller - Miss Makeless by Young Greyhound - mare by (Old) Partner - Brown Woodcock by Woodcock - Lusty Thornton by Croft's Bay Barb - Chesntut Thornton by Makeless - Old Thornton by Brimmer - mare by Dicky Pierson - Burton Barb Mare (Family 2).
Bay 1792. Bred by Sir Frank Standish, he won the Derby in 1795. Sent to Virginia in the U.S. in 1798, covering 234 mares in 1801. Sold to South Carolina, and then to Kentucky, dying in 1805, just as his get were starting to make a mark on the American turf, the most significant being Maid of the Oaks and Edelin's Floretta. He also sired American horses Paragon, American Eagle, Lady Grey, and others.
(Williams') Squirrel
SIRE: Lister's Snake - LISTER TURK.
DAM: Mare by Acaster Turk - mare by son of Pulleine's Chestnut Arabian - mare by Brimmer (Family 70).
Bay 1719. Bred by Mr. Smith of Beverley, Yorkshire, and sold to Richard Williams of Cheshire. Ran for 3 years, between 1724 and 1726, "...for high weight was the best horse of his age and time in the Kingdom." Won two races in 1724, one a four mile match for 300 guineas against Tatney. At age 6 he won the King's Plate (4 miles) at York, beating Wanton Willy, and at Newmarket won a King's Plate (4 miles) besting Fox and Wyndam. His last year of racing he won the Newmarket spring meeting King's Plate, beating Tick-Tack, Bay Wanton and others. He was retired from the turf, sold to Ambrose Cowley who stood him at stud; when Cowley died, Richard Williams re-gained possession of him. His most lasting contribution to the breed was Fair Helen, foundation mare of Family 10.
(Shafto's/Cornforth's) Squirrel
SIRE: (Old) Traveller - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Dairymaid by Bloody Buttocks - Bay Brocklesby by (Croft's) Partner - (Croft's) Brocklesby by Greyhound - Brocklesby Betty by Curwen Bay Barb - Piping Peg by Lister Turk (Family 23).
Bay 1754. Bred by William Cornforth at Barforth, on the Yorkshire-Durham border, later sold to Jenison Shafto at West Wratting, near Newmarket. Ran between 1758 and 1760, suffering only two defeats (to Belford and Silvio). His major wins included a 1,400 guineas sweepstakes for 4 year olds at Newmarket October meet (1758); a 300 guineas win over Mystery at Newmarket (1759); a 500 guineas stakes win over Dapper (1760), and a 1,100 guineas stakes race against Jason. He injured a fetlock at Newmarket's second spring meeting (1760) during a match against Babraham, and was retired. He stood as a stallion for Shafto for 14 years, siring 183 winners of over 56,000 pounds sterling in stakes, including the good race horses Firetail and Hippolitus. A highly significant broodmare sire, his daughters produced six classic winners--Teotum (1780 Oaks), Serina (1781 St. Leger), Ceres (1782 St. Leger), Trifle (1785 Oaks), Noble (1786 Derby), and Spadille (St. Leger 1787) and Young Flora (1788), the latter two own sister and brother.
Squirt
SIRE: Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Pot-8-Os Branch
DAM: Mare by Snake - Grey Wilkes by Hautboy - Pet Mare (Family 11).
Chestnut 1732. Bred by William Metcalfe of Beverley, Yorkshire, and raced byby Charles Colyear, (2nd) Earl of Portmore. He ran in the late 1730s: he won 200 guineas at Newmarket in 1837; was beaten by Lath in 1738 at Newmarket; in 1739 won 200 guineas at Newmarket, 40 guineas at Epsom, 50 guineas at Stamford, £30 at Winchester; in 1740 he won a plate at Salisbury. He was a stallion for Sir Henry Harpur of Calke, Derbyshire. Sired three good sons, Marske (1750, sire of Eclipse), Syphon (1750) and Tim (1752), and "Pratt's Old Mare," a very prolific daughter (17 foals, 12 runners) who produced the good racehorse Pumpkin, and the mares Purity and Maiden.
Stadtholder
SIRE: (Potts') Roundhead - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Young Nanny by Hartley's Blind Horse - Northern Nanny by Highland Laddie - mare by Byerley Turk (Family 41).
Chestnut 1742. Bred by Cuthbert Routh, Snape Hall, Bedale, Yorkshire, and later sold to Thomas Panton and Lord Tankerville. This horse ran in the late 1740s and early '50s, and won several King's Plates and other races at York and other northern courses.
Stamford
SIRE: Sir Peter Teazle - Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Horatia by Eclipse - Countess by Blank - mare by Rib - mare by Wynn's Arabian - mare by Governor - mare by Alcock Arabian - Sister to Gentleman's Dam by (Mostyn's) Grasshopper - mare by Bristol's Hog - mare by Duc de Chartres' Hawker (Family 30/Later Evidence Points to Family 28).
Brown 1794. Two-time winner of the Doncaster Cup, he is best remembered as a broodmare sire: he got Emily, dam of Derby winner and leading sire Emilius; Miss Sophia (dam of Mameluke, 1827 Derby winner); Rachel (dam of top racemare Fleur-de-Lis, another Doncaster Cup winner); Belvoirina, significant in Family 5 and her sister Miss Cantley (dam of Beiram); Mother Goose (a foundation mare in Family 52), and Diana (sister to Emily, dam of Actaeon).
(Old) Standard (also Bashaw)
SIRE: Young Belgrade - BELGRADE TURK.
DAM: Mare by Tifter - mare by Snake - mare by (Pooley's) Diamond - mare by Hautboy - Blunderbush Royal (Kitt D'Arcy's Royal Mare) by Blunderbush (Blunderbuss) - D'Arcy Grey Royal Mare by D'Arcy's White Turk - mare by D'Arcy's Yellow Turk -Sedbury Royal Mare (Family13).
Bay 1736. Bred by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, was a promising runner that won 60 guineas at Newmarket, beating the good field of Foxhunter, Ranger, Snip and Molotto. Sold to the Duke of Beaufort, he went on to win the Prince of Wales's 60 guineas at Epsom and the King's Plate at Guildford, beating Portmore's Crab, Grisewood's Dumplin and one other, but broke down running for the King's Plate at Winchester. His best youngster was Jason (1749), who won seven King's Plates, the Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket, and numerous other races. Also sire of Jason's brother, Figure (1747), a winner of five fifties, and Young Standard (1748), a winner at Burford.
Stanyan's Arabian
This horse was covering mares around 1720-30. He apparently bred a filly from the Moonah Barb Mare (Family 21), who in turn may have produced a filly by Whitefoot. He produced a filly from the Curwen Bay Barb mare (sister to Mixbury, Family 9), who produced the racehorse Whittington and a filly by the Godolphin Arabian, who was granddam to Comus (by Matchem) and Titinia (by Eclipse). He also bred the dam of the racemares Diana (1740) and Charming Molly by Second.
(Ashridge Bridgewater's) Star
SIRE: Ashridge Ball - Leedes - LEEDES ARABIAN.
Dam: Mare by Richards' Arabian. See Ashridge (Bridgewater) Star.
Starling (Bolton or Old)
SIRE: Bay Bolton - Grey Hautboy - (Old) Hautboy - WHITE D'ARCY TURK
DAM: Mare by son of Brownlow Turk - [Old] Lady by Pulleine Arabian - mare by Rockwood - mare by Helmsley Turk (Family 24).
Grey 1727. Bred and raced by Duke of Bolton. He ran between 1731 and 1734, winning the Great Stakes at Newmarket in 1732, a 300 guinea match against Mr. Panton's Mouse over 4 miles at Newmarket, and a number of King's Plates at Lewes, Salisbury, Lincoln, Hambleton, Newmarket and elsewhere. Put to stud by Edward Leedes in Yorkshire, he sired a number of good race horses, including Ancaster/Martingdale's Starling, Torrismond, Grisewood's Teaser, Crafty Knave. His daughters, Pretty Polly, Grey Starling (two of them), Miss Starling, Tipsy and many unnamed ones, bred a large number of good racehorses, such as Mosco, Shepherd, Nannette (dam of Archimedes), Comus, Athelstan, Tuberose, Grisette, Wanton, Wildair.
Starling (Ancaster, also Martindale)
SIRE: (Old) Starling - Bay Bolton - Grey Hautboy - (Old) Hautboy - WHITE D'ARCY TURK
DAM: Ringbone by (Old) Partner - Lusty Thornton by Croft's Bay Barb - Chestnut Thornton by Makeless - Old Thornton by Brimmer - Dicky Pierson - Burton Barb mare (Family 2).
Grey 1738. Bred by John Croft of Barforth, Yorkshire and sold to John Martindale, who also raced Sedbury and Regulus, among other good horses. A top racehorse standing just under 14.3 hands, he ran mostly in the south between 1743 and 1746. In 1743 he placed fourth in a fifty at Epsom in his first start, then won fifties at Reading, Oxford and Chippenham. In 1744 he won a race at Newmarket for 112 guineas; and King's Plates at Guilford, Salisbury, Winchester, Canterbury (walk-over), and Cambridgeshire. In 1745 he won a King's Plate at Newmarket and a 50 purse at York, placing second in a subscription purse at Newmarket and third in a give-and-take plate at Lincoln. In 1746 he beat Babraham in a famous match over 4 miles for 200 guineas, and won two fifties at Huntingdon and Newmarket, and 20 guineas at Windsor. Purchased in 1746-47 by Peregrine Bertie, (3rd) Duke of Ancaster, in 1747 he won a fifty at Newmarket, and a give-and-take plate at York, and walked-over for a give-and-take plate at Lincoln. Like Skim, in the last generation of prominent sons from the D'Arcy White Turk sire line. He bred some good producers for the Duke at his Grimsthorpe Stud in Lincolnshire, including the dam of Mayfly, prominent in Family 14 and the dam of the good runner Turf .
Strickland's Turk
See Carlisle White Turk.
(Hutton's) Surley
SIRE: HUTTON'S GREY BARB.
DAM: Mare by Hutton's Royal Colt - mare by Byerley Turk -mare by Bustler - mare by a Barb - mare by Dodsworth (Family 8)
Grey 1708. Sired some important broodmares: the chestnut filly, Jilt (1726), dam of the racehorse Golden Ball (1735); the unnamed dam of the sire Hutton's Spot (c. 1728); the unnamed dam of three good racing colts and important sires, Black Chance (1732), Phantom (1737), and Moorcock (1740).
(Routh's) Surley
SIRE: Surley - HUTTON'S GREY BARB.
DAM: Mare by Coneyskins - mare by (Old) Hautboy - Wyvill's Clubfoot (Family 34).
Grey 1720. Bred by John Hutton of Marske, Yorkshire. Sold to Cuthbert Routh for 100 guineas. He won a stakes at Richmond and the Gold Cup at York for Routh in 1725, after which he was sold to Mr. Herbert.
Sutton's Grey Arabian
Grey 1710-15 (?). Owned by Sir Robert Manners-Sutton of Lincolnshire. This horse covered two mares at the Duke of Ancaster's stud in Lincolnshire in 1724, from Ancaster's Favourite Mare (Family 14) by (Old) Pert he got a chestnut colt, and from Virgin, (1712, Family 28) by Ancaster Merlin, he got a grey filly, who was an ancestress of (Hawes') Lady Thigh, a racemare in the mid 1760s who ran at Reading and elsewhere and produced some racing foals of the late '60s and 1770s. Virgin also produced the race filly Miss Hip (1722, by Oysterfoot), who was an ancestress of Emilius. This horse may have been the same as the Sutton Turk, who, in 1720, got the filly Mermaid (Family 33) from a Basto mare for the second Duke of Devonshire, and was granddam of the good racehorse Sloe.
(Bolton) Sweepstakes
SIRE: BLOODY-SHOULDERED ARABIAN.
DAM: Mare by Aklam [Acklam] Merlin - sister to the dam of Brisk by Lister Turk.
Chestnut 1722. Owned, and probably bred, by the Duke of Bolton. A noted racehorse, he won a 20 guineas sweepstakes at Newmarket in 1727; in 1728 he took the King's Plate at Salisbury and the King's Plate at Newmarket (beating the famous Victorious), walked-over for the King's Plate at Winchester, and was second to Goliah in the King's Plate at Lewes. In the Duke of Bolton's stud at Middleham, Yorkshire, he sired the racing colt (Norris') Sweepstakes (1743), Young Mogul, and other runners bred and raced by the Duke of Bolton; the first two were later useful stallions. Another son, Young Sweepstakes, was born in Ireland when his pregnant dam was given by Bolton to Sir Edward O'Brien; running for John Ryan, he was "master of 12 stone," but went lame and was retired to stud at Ballyvista, Co. Limerick. He also got the dam of the racehorse, Whistlejacket, made famous by the Stubbs portrait. Another daughter was the second dam of the "famous" Old Tartar mare, dam of Jupiter, Mercury, and other noted horses.
(Gower's) Sweepstakes
SIRE: Gower Stallion - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by (Croft's) Partner - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
Bay 1749. Bred by Earl Gower and Viscount Trentham. Ran in the 1750s, won a 200 guineas match against Cato in 1756, was beaten in a famous match for 1,000 guineas in 1757, against Snap and that same year was also bested by Jason in a 6 mile match for 500 guineas at Newmarket. Sired the good racehorse and later sire, Trentham. He retired to stud in Hertfordshire.
(Norris') Sweepstakes [First called Bolton]
SIRE: Bolton Sweepstakes - BLOODY-SHOULDERED ARABIAN.
DAM: Mare by Bay Bolton - Old Coquette by Basto - mare by (Curwen's) Spot - mare by Young Spanker - mare by (Old) Hautboy - mare by Bustler (Family 44).
Chestnut 1743. Bred in the Duke of Bolton's stud, and raced by Mr. Norris, and later a stallion in his stud.
Sweetbriar
SIRE: Syphon - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Shakespeare - Miss Meredith by (Old) Cade - Amorett (Little Hartley Mare) by Bartlett's Childers - Flying Whigg by Woodstock Arabian - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey WhyNot by WhyNot - Royal mare (Family 15).
Chestnut 1769. Bred by Richard, (1st) Earl Grosvenor. Ran between 1773 and 1775. Won several sweeps, a subscription purse and several matches at Newmarket at ages 4 and 5, and the 1775 Gold Cup at Newmarket in a walk-over, and retired unbeaten to Grosvenor's stud near Newmarket. He got Assassin (1779, Derby winner); Racer (1779); dam (1782) of Astarte (1788); Lively (1784); Crocus (1779); Hocks (1794); Silkworm (1783); Bramble (1777) and a Bramble (1786) from a different mare, along with his sibling Thorn (1783); Sweetmarjoram (1778); Sunflower (1784); Discord (1783) and brother Doubtful (1785), and others. Despite his relative popularity, seldom seen in pedigrees today.
Sweet William
SIRE: Syphon - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Miss Roan by (Old) Cade - Madam by Bloody Buttocks - Miss Partner by (Old) Partner - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Barb Mare (Family 4).
Chestnut 1768. Bred by William Cornforth of Yorkshire, sold to the second Viscount Bolingbroke, who also owned and ran Turf and Gimcrack; after winning his first race at age 4, sold to Richard, (1st) Earl Grosvenor. Ran for six years, 1772-1777, winning a total 7,235 guineas over that span, and losing from that amount 300 guineas. His wins included an 1800 guineas sweep at Newmarket and two smaller races at Shrewsbury and Burfordin 1772; the 1774 Craven Stakes at Newmarket; the Whip at Newmarket First Spring in 1775; a 750 guineas sweep at Newmarket Craven in 1776 and also that year won the Cup at Newmarket when no one accepted the challenge to run against him. Lost form in 1777, running last in a sweep won by Dorimant and sixth in the Jockey Club Plate. Retired to Grosvenor's stud near Newmarket, where he got Balsam (1783); Ceres (1779, winner of the Oaks); Honeysuckle (1783); Polyanthus (1782); Captain Plume (1783); Phoenix (1783), and a number of unnamed colts and fillies. He died in 1789.
Syphon
SIRE: Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by (Bolton) Patriot - mare by Crab - sister to Sloven by Bay Bolton - sister to Mixbury by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Curwen's) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner mare (Family 9).
Chestnut 1750. Bred and run by William Fenwick of Northumberland, who also owned Matchem. Ran at Newmarket in the mid-1750s, placed second to Brilliant in a purse for 5 year olds in 1755. More impressive as a sire than a runner, he got three top racehorses in Tandem (1773), the unbeaten Sweetbriar (1769) and long-running rich winner Sweet William. Also got Daisy (1767); Enterprise (1770); Pastor (1770) and brother Clown (1772); the siblings Tippler (1766), Tosspot (1768) and Tipsey (1769); Streamer (1772); Margaretta (1771); Frisketta (1770); Miss Pratt (1775); Gallantry (1775); the dam (1772) of Violet (1787, by Shark, Family 15), and the dam (1771, Family 17) of Maid of all Work (1786, by Highflyer), and several others.

Contents ©Copyright 2000 - 2005 Patricia Erigero

Early Foundation Sires Quick Links
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Import Chronology Alphabetized Index Sire Descent Lines
Foundation Sires Overview


Home   Historic Sires   Historic Dams   Portraits   Turf Hallmarks   Breeders   Genetics   Resources   Contributors   Search   Store   E - mail

©1997 - 2005 Thoroughbred Heritage. All rights reserved.