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  Foundation Sires of the Thoroughbred: B
graphic

Alphabetized List of Important 17th and 18th Century Stallions


Babraham
Babraham
Bajazet
Bajazet

Bandy
Bandy

Baronet
Baronet

Basto
Basto

Bay Bolton
Bay Bolton

Beningbrough
Beningbrough

Blank
Blank

Blaze
Blaze

Bloody-Shouldered Arabian
Bloody-Shouldered Arabian

Brilliant
Brilliant

Brisk
Brisk (Darley Arabian)

Brisk
Brisk (Bloody-Shouldered Arab)

Brother to Vivaldi
Brother to Vivaldi

Buzzard
Buzzard

Byerley Turk
Byerley Turk
Babraham
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Sachrissa (Large Hartley Mare) - Flying Whigg by Williams Arabian (of Woodstock) - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot by (Old) Whynot - Royal Mare (Family 15).
Bay 1738. Bred by the Francis, (2nd) Earl of Godolphin. Grew to 16 hands, "a fine horse of great strength." In 1744 he was sold to the (3rd) Duke of Beaufort. Generally listed among the Godolphin Arabian's top sons, he was put to stud while racing, beginning in 1747. For the next two years he both ran and covered mares, and winning plate races at Reading, Guildford, Ascot, Oxford, Lambourn and Burford. He got the good race horses Aimwell (1750) and Cardinal Puff (1760), and several other sons, some of whom were exported to the U.S. But his fillies were best, both as racehorses and broodmares: Molly Long Legs was a top race mare. He also sired Betty Careless (dam of Rufus, Cadmus, Aeolus); Bay Babraham (1760, dam of the good racehorse Johnny (1769)), and many unnamed daughters (1756 mare in Family 5; mare in Family 27; taproot mare of Family 46; mare in Family 55), who produced good racehorses and important sons and daughters that bred on. In the early 1750s he was standing at stud at Mickleham in Surrey.
Bajazet
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Whitefoot - mare by Leedes - Queen Anne's Moonah Barb Mare (Family 21).
Bay 1740. Bred by Sir John Dutton of Dorset. He beat a number of his contemporaries under the colors of his owner, the Earl of March (later Duke of Queensbury), including Russett in a match at Burford in 1746; in 1747 he ran and won at Epsom, Beccles and Burford; in 1748 he beat Babraham over 6 miles in a match at Newmarket; he also beat Moorcock and Tom Thumb, both top racehorses of their day. He sired several good racehorses and broodmares, including Selim, who was exported to the U.S.; a mare who heads her own branch in Family 5, and one who heads Family 73; and the dam of the racehorse Cardinal York and Pretender, of Lottery (by Snap), and an unnamed mare in the Duke of Grafton's stud who produced a series of good horses named with the letter "Z", such as Zingara (later Diana), and Zamora.
Bald Galloway
SIRE: ST. VICTOR BARB.
DAM: Grey Whynot by (Old) Whynot - Royal Mare (Family 15).
C. 17--. Bred by Captain Rider, Whittlebury Forest, Northamptonshire. Important sire of the top racehorse (Old) Cartouch, racehorses Black-a-Top, Daffodil and Hawes' Foxhunter, but more significant as a broodmare sire. His daughters included Grey Robinson, the dam of Regulus and a Godolphin Arabian filly, important in Family 11. He also got the sisters Roxana and Silverlocks (Family 6), in Edward Coke's stud (first owner of the Godolphin Arabian). Roxana won 3 races in 1727; at stud she produced Lath, Cade and Roundhead (the first two by the Godolphin Arabian), all top racehorses. Silverlocks ran and won races at Newmarket in 1731 and 1733, and produced the "dun" Buffcoat, a sire and racehorse, and a "dun" filly who became the dam of the "dun" racehorse and sire Brilliant. Bald Galloway also sired Old Lady (Family 17), sister to the Carlisle Gelding (1713, a top racehorse), and dam of the Worlock (a.k.a. Cloudy,Warlock Galloway) Galloway, and other horses of importance to the breed.
Bandy
SIRE: (Old) Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Little Partner - mare by Old Greyhound - mare by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton's Violet Barb Mare (Family 4).
Bay 1747. So-called due to his "bent" left leg. Bred by Thomas Meredith of Yorkshire, he ran between 1752 and 1754 in for various purses and plates at Newmarket, Nottingham and York. His only defeat was in a King's Plate race in 1754, when he was beaten by Sportsman, but several weeks later he beat that horse in a match race for 500 guineas, after which he retired to Lord Grosvenor's stud, where he was a successful sire. Among his progeny, daughter Bonduca (1760) produced Haphazard (Squirrel) and Laurel (Dux); daughter Milkmaid (1763) produced the colts Fortune (Engineer) and Mariner (Turk).
Baronet
SIRE: Vertumnus - Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Penultima by Snap - Sister to Nabob by Cade - Old Crab mare - Sister to Blaze by Flying Childers mare - the Confederate Filly by Grey Grantham - Duke of Rutland's Black Barb mare - Bright's Roan mare by Leedes Arabian (Family 61).
Bay 1785. Baronet ran from 1788 through 1791, first under the colors of Sir William Vavasour, and after the 1789 season for the Prince of Wales (later George IV), to whom he was sold. His race record was fair, with some wins and losses each year in matches and sweeps, until his sale to the royal stables. He apparently was laid off for a year by his new owner, in 1790; his come-back year in 1791 was highly successful, as he was unbeaten under the jockeying of Sam Chifney, winning the Oatlands at Ascot; walk-overs for the King's Plate at both Winchester and Canterbury; a four mile King's Plate at Lewes; the King's Plate at Newmarket in the October (first) meeting. In 1795 William Constable, of New York City, purchased Baronet (along with the future dam of Miller's Damsel and grandam of American Eclipse) and imported him into the U.S. He sired Empress, a good race filly in the northern U.S., and grandam of the great race filly Ariel (1822), and a son, also named Baronet, foaled in 1800.
Bartlett's Childers
SIRE: DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Betty Leedes by Old Careless - Cream Cheeks by Leedes Arabian - Mare by Spanker (to Family 6) or Wyvill Roan Mare.
Bay 1716. Bred by Leonard Childers; owned by John Bartlett and stood at Masham, Yorkshire. Brother to the better-known Flying Childers, Bartlett's Childers (a.k.a. Bleeding Childers) never raced, but it was he who continued this line of the Darley Arabian forward, primarily through son Squirt, who leads in sire-line descent to Eclipse. Squirt sired Tim, Syphon (sire of the classic winning Yellow Filly, Sweet Briar and Sweet William), and Marske (sire of Eclipse, Shark (exported to the U.S.), Stripling, Hephastion). Bartlett's Childers also got the racing colts Fig and Merry Andrew; the important mares Coughing Polly (Family 19, dam of Grey Starling, Phaeton); the good race mare and producer Jenny-come-tye-me; Amorett (Family 15, a.k.a. the Little Hartley Mare (dam of Blank, Slugg (a.k.a. Old England), Tortoise and granddam of the Gower Stallion)); a mare in Family 3, dam of Squirrel (1741), Camilla (1746), Miss Belsea (1753) and Twackum (1745)); a mare in Family 18, dam of Volunteer; Flora (Family 22, dam of Weasel, Hotspur, etc.), and the dams of other good racehorses and producers.
Basto
SIRE: BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Bay Peg by Leedes Arabian - Young Bald Peg by Young Spanker* - Old Morocco Mare - Old Bald Peg (Family 6).
Black 1702. Half brother to Fox. Bred by Sir William Ramsden of Yorkshire, and sold to the Duke of Devonshire for whom he won a series of 4 and 5 mile matches between 1708 and 1710, beating some of the top horses of his day. "Remarkably strong," with "an appearance of pride and spirit," his stud service was largely limited to the mares of his owner, Devonshire. Despite his limited book, he sired a number of important racehorses and animals that bred on, including the dams of (Old) Crab, of the Duke's Blacklegs (by Childers), and of Snip. Other offspring included Brown Betty and her sister (Old) Ebony (Family 5); Coquette and her sister (Family 44); Dimple; Soreheels (Pelham's) and his sister (Family 9) and the racehorse Little Scar. *See notes on the Family 6 chart in English Foundation Mares section.
Bay Bolton (Brown Lusty)
SIRE: Grey Hautboy - (Old) Hautboy - WHITE D'ARCY TURK.
DAM: Black mare by Makeless - Brimmer mare - mare by Diamond - mare (sister to Old Merlin) by Bustler (Family 37).
Brown 1705. Bred by Sir Matthew Pierson at Lowthorpe in Yorkshire. One of the greatest of the early racehorses and sires, won in 1710, Queen Anne's Gold Cup, beating older horses at even weights. That same year, he won the Great Subscription Purse at Middleham Moor (later run at York), and he was walked 200 miles from Middleham to Winchendon to contest for the "rich Prize in Quainton Meadow," which he won (the Quainton races, otherwise known as Quarrendon, were as well-known then as Newmarket). After these impressive wins, he was sold to the Duke of Bolton, who sent him to Newmarket, where he won matches against Wyndham, Merlin, and Tregonwell-Frampton's famous Dragon. He was retired to the Duke's stud in Yorkshire, where he got a number of important racehorses and horses that bred on. Offspring included Sloven, Fearnought, Morat, (Bolton) Whitefoot, the famous racemare Gipsey (grandam of (Old) Snap), the Bolton Grey Starling, Bonny Lass (Family 1, grandam of Spectator); mares important in Family 8, Family 22 and Family 35; Sloven and his sister (Family 9); the dam of Bolton/Turner's Sweeptstakes and Young Mogul; and Looby. He died at Bolton Hall around 1736.
Belgrade Turk
Imported c. 1719. Captured from the turks during the second Austrian seige of Turkish-held Belgrade (Serbia) in 1717, the horse eventually was presented to the Duke of Lorraine, subsequently Emperor of Germany. Edward Coke of Longford Hall in Derbyshire, younger brother of of the future Earl of Leicester, and the first English owner of the Godolphin, was "on intimate terms" with the Duke of Lorraine, having spent time with him at the Duke's hunting lodge in France. Coke's brother-in-law was the important thoroughbred breeder, Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, of Constable Burton, Yorkshire, and it was Wyvill who purchased the Belgrade Turk from the Duke and imported him into England. His bloodlines come down to the present via his daughter, the foundation mare of Family 22; through daughter Miss Wyndam (an early mare in Family 25); and through his son, Young Belgrade (son of a Bay Bolton mare). Young Belgrade sired the 1735 colt, Volunteer, the racehorse Antelope (1748, later sire in Ireland), and the 1736 colt, Standard, whose son, Figure was sent to the U.S. (Figure is in the pedigree of the Miss Obstinate branch of the Cub Mare family). Volunteer's sister (from a Bartlett's Childers mare) figures in Family 18. Another Young Belgrade mare (sister to Antelope) is present in Family 57.
Bell's (Grey) Arabian
Grey, foaled c. 1759; imported 1764. Supposedly of the "purest and most esteemed breed," he was "brought to England with great care and at great expense." Frequently patronized by the Duke of Northumberland, who had his own roughly contemporaneous import, the Northumberland Arabian, he got a number of racehorses -- Voltaire (not the later, more famous one); Orlando (not the later, more famous one); Bellissimo; Harlequin; Juliana, and Atalanta (not the later, more famous ones) -- although none appear to have had a lasting influence on the turf.
Belsize Arabian
Grey, 1754; imported 1759. Purchased from the Sultan of Morocco's stud, he stood in England through 1765, then, in 1766, was sent to the U.S., purportedly the first "authentic Oriental" to enter the country. It was, however, a son, (Evans) Sterling and a daughter (Evans) Silver, both bred in England, who were imported to the U.S. that continued his line through their brother-sister mating, producing the filly Sally Painter, ancestress of a number of American stakes winners.
Beningbrough
SIRE: King Fergus - Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: King Fergus Branch
DAM: Mare by Herod - Pyrrha by Matchem - Duchess by Whitenose - Miss Slamerkin Young True Blue - mare by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian - Darcy's Sorrill Royal Mare by Wastell's Turk - Blacklegs by Duke of Rutland's Blacklegs - Darcy's oldest Royal Mare (Family 7).
Bay 1791. Bred by John Hutchison, he was sold to Sir Charles Turner in 1795 prior to his second racing season, then re-sold to Hutchison prior to the 1797 season. Said to greatly resemble his dam's sire, Herod, he won a number of races in his 3 year old season, including the St. Leger at Doncaster; at 4 he won a four mile match race against Bennington, and the Doncaster Stakes, among other races; at 5 he won a match race against Ormond, and at 6 ran second to Hambletonian in the Great Subscription stakes at York. He retired to stud, and was later purchased by Mr. Dimsdale of Middleham, where he died in 1815. Sire of the good racehorses and sires Orville and Scud, and the mares Betsey and Orange Girl (from the dam of Anticipation) and the good broodmare Statira (dam of Arcot Lass and Harpham Lass).
Bethell's Arabian
C. 17--. Owned by Hugh Bethell of Yorkshire. He sired a colt, Singlepeeper, and filly, Selima/Salome (1733, from a Graham's Champion mare, Family 26, dam of the significant matron, Cypron). Cypron foaled one of the most important 18th century horses, Herod, as well as Drone (1760) a sire and race horse; Lady Bolingbroke (1766), an ancestress of the American sire Boston and also dam of Oaks winner Tetotum; Thais (1759), dam of the racehorse Silvertail; and Clio (also Hybla, 1771), dam of three racehorses bred by the Duke of Grafton.
Black Chance
SIRE: HUTTON'S BAY BARB (also Mulso Bay Turk)
DAM: Mare by Surley - mare by Coneyskins - The Fen Mare by Hutton's Royal Colt - mare by Blunderbuss - (Old) Thornton mare by Place's White Turk - a Barb mare .
Black 1732. Bred by John Hutton at Marske, Yorkshire. Sold to Richard Williams around 1740. Ran in the late 1730s and early '40s at Newmarket and Gloucester against the best horses of the day. Sired Taste (1749), the racehorse Hip, Nicodemus (1750), the mare Poppet (1748, dam of Pigot's Sally).
(Rutland's) Blacklegs
A horse, probably bay, owned by John Manners (9th) Earl of Rutland (created 1st Duke of Rutland 1703). This horse was running in 1687-88 at Newmarket, and so was probably born around 1681-2. He is not listed in the GSB, but was the sire of the mare Blacklegs (169-), mis-named the black-legged Royal mare in the GSB, the tap root mare of Family 7.
(Hutton's) Blacklegs
SIRE: HUTTON'S BAY BARB (Mulso Bay Turk)
DAM: Mare by Coneyskins - mare by Wilkes' Hautboy-a mare of Sir William Wyvill's called Clubfoot.
Bay 1725. Bred by John Hutton at Marske, Yorkshire. Ran in the 1730s at Nottingham and elsewhere in the north. Sire of the racehorse and sire Moorcock (1740), and the important Blacklegs Mare (a.k.a. The Ruby Mare), one of the early mares of Family 8, dam of Marske (sire of Eclipse), and granddam of Hazzard (by Tartar) and Hutton's Careless.
(Devonshire) Blacklegs
SIRE: Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Basto - sister to Mixbury Galloway by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Curwen's Old) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Old Vintner mare (Family 9).
Brown 1728. Bred by the (2nd) Duke of Devonshire, who owned his sire, Flying Childers. Ran in the 1730s, winning a 4 mile sweep at Newmarket in 1733 and beaten in the 600 gineas Wallasey Stakes in 1734 by Fair Helen. Sired the dam of Trojan (1748), Raphael (1755) and Sloven (1758); the dam of Osmar (1761), a racehorse and sire, Cassandra (1754), and other racehorses; Gipsy (1740, later Miss Langley, dam of Spider (1752), Cleopatra (1754) and Speedwell (1759)) and Duchess (1745, dam of Dorimond) from a Fox mare; Red Rose, dam of Ceres (175) and Jalap (1758).
Blank
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Amoret (Little Hartley Mare) by Bartlett's Childers - Flying Whigg - by Williams Arabian (of Woodstock) - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot by (Old) Whynot - Royal Mare (Family 15).
Bay 1740. Bred by Francis (2nd) Earl of Godolphin at Babraham, Cambridgeshire. Sold to Charles Greville in 1746, later to Peregrine Bertie, (3rd) Duke of Ancaster, who stood him at Grimsthorpe. Established his own branch of the Godolphin Arabian sire line that lasted until the mid-19th century by siring the grey Pacolet (1763); other successful sire sons included Fallower (1761, sire of Justice); Paymaster (1766, sire of Paragon and two sons sent to the U.S.); also racehorses Granby (1759) and Ancaster (1768), and several sons sent to the U.S. He also sired the highly significant mare, Julia (1756), dam of Princess (1769) and Promise (1768), both prolific members of Family 1; (Ancaster) Nancy (1767) of Family 2; the mare Golden Grove (1760) of Family 4; Horatia (1758) of Family 6; a mare (1759) in Family 7; Principessa (1762, Family 12); Rutilia (1769), Rachel (1763, dam of Highflyer) and Ruth (1761) in Family 13; Charlotte (1756) in Family 15; a mare in Family 46. He died after the 1769 season at Grimsthorpe.
Blaze
SIRE: Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Confederate Filly by Grey Grantham - mare by Duke of Rutland's Black Barb - Bright's Roan (Family 61).
Bay 1733. Blaze is important as a sire; he got a number of racing sons, including Sampson, Scrub and Childers, the latter imported into the U.S. He also got Shales, considered a founding sire of the Norfolk Roadster (later a significant influence on the Hackney) breed, and in addition, was a direct sire-line ancestor of the grey 1780 Messenger, who was imported into the U.S. and is considered the founding sire of American Trotting Horses (Standardbreds).
Bloody Buttocks Arabian
Grey 1725. Owned by John Croft, Barforth, Yorkshire. Croft never reported the name of the sire or dam of this horse, who got his name from a red mark on his hip. He got Grey Bloody Buttocks, who ran as Dairy Maid, and was dam of Lady Thigh, a racehorse and mare important in Family 12; Music, a good racemare, and Squirrel (Traveller's). He also sired a sister to Grey Bloody Buttocks, Bay Bloody Buttocks, dam of Spinster (the Widdrington Mare), important in Family 4; a horse named Careless (1733, from a Greyhound mare); Whitefoot, sire of a good mid-century racehorse, Sportsman; and a good racehorse named Rainbow; the taproot mare of Family 66.
Bloody-Shouldered Arabian
Grey; imported c. 1719. Parentage unknown, possibly "of the Gordeen breed."
Blunderbuss
SIRE: Bustler - HELMSLEY TURK.
DAM: Not identified.
C. 169-. Probably owned by Sir Matthew Pierson of Yorkshire. Sired one of the Darcy Royal mares (Kit Darcy's mare), dam of Old Royal (and thus granddam of the famous race mare Bald Charolotte) and sister of Milbanke's black Makeless mare (Family 13).
Brilliant
SIRE: (Old) Crab - ALCOCK ARABIAN.
DAM: Sister to Buffcoat (Dun Mare by Godolphin Arabian) - Silverlocks (Sister to Roxana by Bald Galloway) - Akaster Turk (Carlisle White Turk) mare - Cream Cheeks by Leedes Arabian - - Mare by Spanker (to Family 6) or Wyvill Roan Mare.
Dun 1750.
Brimmer
SIRE: D'ARCY YELLOW TURK.
DAM: A D'Arcy Royal mare.
C. 16--. Probably bred by James D'Arcy (the elder) and later utlized by him at his stud, Sedbury, Yorkshire. Brimmer was a racehorse and important sire who is seen in a number of mare families: he sired (Old) Thornton, a key mare in Family 2; Old Musick, dam of the racehorse and sire (Old) Pert; the dams of Brown Farewell and Bay Layton in Family 4; a key unnamed mare in Family 12; important tail-female unnamed mares in Family 37 and 40; and the taproot mares of Families 25, 57 and 70. He also sired a "Son of Brimmer," grandsire of the racehorses Castaway, Woodcock (important early sire), and a Darley Arabian filly of some importance of as a producer. He was covering mares at least as late as 1690-95.
Brisk
SIRE: DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare (Coneyskin's dam) by Jigg - pedigree not extended beyond this.
Chestnut 1711. Sired (Cole's) Foxhunter (1727), who got Chedworth's Foxhunter (1750) and an unnamed filly who produced the good mid-century racehorses Dottrel (1750), Molly Long-Legs (1753), Hobby-Horse (1756) and Prospero (1758).
Brisk
SIRE: BLOODY-SHOULDERED ARABIAN.
DAM: Not stated.
Grey 1725. Bred by Sir Nathaniel Curzon. A good race horse in the 1730s in the north, he beat most of the best horses of his time over 4 miles, winning several royal plates. Sired the mare Pintoes (Pin Toes).
Brother to Vivaldi
SIRE: Woodpecker - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Mercury - Cytherea by Herod - Lily by Blank - Peggy by (Old) Cade - Spinster by (Old) Partner - Bay Bloody Buttocks by Bloody Buttocks - mare by (Old) Greyhound - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
Bay 1799. Bred by the Marquis of Donegal and sold to Major Wilson at age 3, briefly owned by the Prince of Wales and then resold to Wilson. A "good weight carrier" bred for stamina, rather than speed, he did not do well until he matured and was put to longer distances: he did not win until 1806, although he placed in several races at ages 5 and 6 over 2 and 3 miles. He mostly ran at Ascot, Ipswich, Stamford, Leicester and other country meets, and won when the distances were at 4 miles. He was retired to stud after the 1807 season at age 8, and had virtually no impact on the stud book, but "got several excellent hunters."
Brownlow Turk
Grey c. 17--. Probably owned by Sir John Brownlow of Lincolnshire. This horse sired Grey Grantham (sire of Miss Belvoir, Family 6; the Confederate Filly, Family 61, and Green's Galloway, "an extraordinary horse of his size."). He also got a brother to Grey Grantham, who sired a mare in tail-female descent in Family 42. Another son, Son of the Brownlow Turk, got the important dam of (Old or Bolton) Starling, a racehorse and sire in many pedigrees.
Buff Coat
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Silverlocks by Bald Galloway - mare by Acaster Turk (Carlisle White Turk) - Cream Cheeks by Leedes Arabian - Mare by Spanker (to Family 6) or Wyville Roan Mare.
Dun 1742. Bred by Edward Coke. Considered one of the Godolphin Arabian's better racing sons, he sired the "dun" colts Whitefoot (1749) and Creampot (1755), the racehorse and sire Turf (1755), and other good racehorses. The GSB notes this horse was sent to Virginia, however, a horse by this name is listed in the GSB obituaries as dying at Mickleham in 1757 (corrected by Prior per Coke studbook to 1754). A son of Buff Coat, also named Buffcoat, a "dun" born in 1752, won at Newmarket in 1756, and may have been imported into Virginia in 1761.
Bustler
SIRE: HELMSLEY TURK.
DAM: Not stated.
C. 16--. Bred by Rowland Place, of Durham. Sired two important sons--Blunderbuss (see above); (Old) Merlin (winner of a famous match at Newmarket, immortalized in song; sire of Castaway and Woodcock); and D'Arcy's Woodcock, sire of a number of important producing mares. He also sired the famous Bustler mares, including the taproots of Family 8, Family 35, and Family 37 (full sister to Merlin's dam), and Family 44. A Bustler mare is also in tail-female in Family 54.
Buzzard
SIRE: Woodpecker - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Misfortune by Dux - Curiosity by Snap - Regulus mare - mare by Bartlett's Childers - mare by Honywood's Arabian - Dam of the Two True Blues (Family 3).
Chestnut 1787. Bred by Thomas Bullock. Part of the successful sire line extending from Herod, he was an important sire and racehorse. He ran from 1789 through 1794, primarily matches for fairly high stakes, most of which he won; he was not as successful in races such as the Great Subscription stakes at York in 1791(third), or the Oatlands in 1792 (unplaced), but he did win some plates and handicaps. In 1793 he ran for his new owner, Christopher Wilson; that year he won the Newmarket Craven stakes and several matches, and in 1794 repeated his Craven stakes win and won the Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket (second spring). He retired after winning a 100 guineas match against the mare Heroine at Newmarket in October. At stud he produced successful sons St. Leger winner Quiz; Rubens, sire of classic winning fillies Pastille, Landscape and Whizgig; Bustard; Castrel; Bronze, winner of the Oaks and ancestress of Gainsborough and The Tetrarch; and Selim, grandsire of Glencoe and Bay Middleton, and sire of classic winners Medora, Azor, Turquoise and other top racers. Purchased to Virginia in 1804-5, left some good daughters and sons in the U.S.
Byerley Turk
Dkbr/blk. c.1680.

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