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  Family 18: Old Woodcock Mare

The first General Stud Book entry for a mare in this family is for a mare by Bartlett's Childers, "Bred by Sir M. [Marmaduke] Wyvill in 172-, her dam, by the Devonshire Turk [also called the Devonshire Chestnut Arabian], out of sister to Westbury, by the Curwen Bay Barb - [mare by] Curwen Old Spot - [mare by] Old Woodcock."

Sir Marmaduke Wyvill (6th) Baronet was an important racehorse breeder; his father, also Marmaduke, the 5th Baronet, and his grandfather, Sir William Wyvill, also enthusiastic racing men who owned famous running horses. Wyvill was linked by ties of blood to many other individuals who shaped early thoroughbred horses, including the D'Arcy family. He was the brother-in-law of Edward Coke, who imported the Godolphin Arabian into England, and who maintained a stud at Longford Hall in Derbyshire.

Wyvill owned the Belgrade Turk, obtained from the Duke of Lorraine; this horse's son, Young Belgrade, sired Volunteer, Wyvill's famous race horse of the 1740s, and Volunteer's sister or sisters, through whom the family descends, and also sired Antelope (1748), another member of this family, and his sister or sisters, who bred good race horses. All of these were bred by Wyvill at his stud at Constable Burton, near Bedale, Yorkshire.

The GSB lists two sisters to Volunteer, each of whom bred on, although it is apparently through only one that the family continued to the 20th century. It is probable, however, that there was only one sister to Volunteer, and that the produce of the two should be combined (she/they are typically shown as separate mares, following the GSB, and are so shown in the pop-up chart). One sister was sold by Wyvill, probably after foaling a filly by the Scarborough Colt for him, to the Earl of Godolphin, to whom he provided a memorandum on her breeding. She is first recorded in the Earl of Godolphin's stud (published in The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries by C.M. Prior) in 1749, having produced a filly to the Godolphin Arabian in that year; she continued in the stud producing foals, until 1754, when she was sold, in March, to the Duke of Cumberland. The other sister is shown having a filly by the Godolphin Arabian for the Duke of Cumberland, in an undated year, and may be a confused entry by the GSB; the next foal listed out of this "second" mare is Miss Windsor, born in 1754, by the Godolphin Arabian, shown in the GSB to be bred by the Duke of Cumberland. After that, she produced two more foals, one, an unnamed colt, for the Duke of Cumberland, and one (Madam), for Lord Portmore.

Determining the proper (Old) Woodcock who sired the Old Woodcock Mare of this family is difficult at this time; there were a number of Woodcocks who ran in races before and after the turn of the eighteenth century, and several listed as sires of various horses in the General Stud Book. The GSB says this mare's sire was D'Arcy's Woodcock by Bustler. See the various Woodcocks listed in the Foundation Sires section for additional discussion. It is possible the sire of this family's foundation mare is the same as Davill's Woodcock, seen in Family 19. It should be noted that there is no indication the foundation mare had any direct tail-female links to oriental mares or "Royal" mares, as far as is known; Robertson ("The Origin of the Thoroughbred" in Flat Racing [Lonsdale Library v. XXVIII]) states this mare was of English origin.

Old Woodcock Mare's Known Produce:

Mare (f) by (Curwen's) (Old) Spot. Dam of
  Mare (f) by Curwen's Bay Barb (Sister to Westbury). Dam of
     Mare (f) by Devonshire Turk (Devonshire Chestnut Arabian). Dam of
      Mare (f, 172-) by Bartlett's Childers. Dam of
        Volunteer (c, 1735) by Young Belgrade
        Volunteer's Sister (#1) (f, 17--) by Young Belgrade (probably same as #2).
          Dam of Miss Windsor and others.
        Volunteer's Sister (#2) (f, 17--) by Young Belgrade (probably same as #1).
          Dam of Godolphin Hunter and others.
        Mare (f) by Godolphin Arabian. Dam of King Hiram.
        Mare (f) by Scarborough Colt. Dam of Antelope and others.


Family #18 Oaks Winners


1810 ORIANA b.f. 1807
(Beningbrough - Mary Ann)

1859 SUMMERSIDE br.f. 1856
(West Australian - Ellerdale)

1868 FORMOSA ch.f. 1865
(Buccaneer - Eller)

Family #18 Derby Winners

Waxy Smolensko
Waxy Smolensko
Ellington April the Fifth
Ellington April the Fifth

1793 WAXY b.c. 1790
(Pot-8-Os - Maria)

1813 SMOLENSKO bl.c. 1810
(Sorcerer - Wowski)

1856 ELLINGTON br.c. 1853
(The Flying Dutchman - Ellerdale)

1932 APRIL THE FIFTH br.c. 1929
(Craig-An-Eran - Sold Again)

Family #18 St. Leger Winners


1868 FORMOSA ch.f. 1865
(Buccaneer - Eller)

Family #18 Other Family Members

Rose Tree
Rose Tree
Strawberry Road
Strawberry Road
The Ill-Used
The Ill-Used

Antelope b. c. 1748
(Young Belgrade - Mare by Scarborough Colt)
Mid eighteenth century racehorse and sire.

Formosa ch. f. 1865
(Buccaneer - Eller)
Excellent racemare ran for three years, ages 2 to 4. Won the 1,000 Guineas, the Oaks Stakes and the Doncaster St. Leger (not entered in the Derby Stakes), and dead-heated with the colt Moslem for the 2,000 Guineas. Her other wins included the Newmarket Oaks, the Stockbridge Nursery Stakes, the Chesterfield Stakes. At age 4 won the Bentinck Memorial (3 m. 5 f.), and ran second in such races as the Epsom Trial Stakes and the Newmarket All-aged Stakes, but failed to place in some major races, including the Great Yorkshire Handicap. Dam of Pulcherrima, and so second dam of Picollos, winner of the German St. Leger, of Pumpernickel, German and Hungarian St. Leger winner, and of Potrimpos, German Derby winner. Also produced Pulchra, ancestress of the good Australian racehorse and sire Multiform.

Roamer b. g. 1911
(Knight Errant - Rose Tree)
Small and plain, and the product of a haphazard mating--his dam was bred to the Runnymede Farm's teaser -- he was one of the most popular runners of his era, winning 39 of his 98 races in seven seasons. His major multiple wins included the Travers Handicap, the Saratoga Cup, the Washington Handicap, and the Dwyer Handicap. Best at a mile, he ran an exhibition race at Saratoga in 1:34 4/5, a record to that date.

Rose Tree b. f. 1896
(Bona Vista - Fanny Relph)
Good two year old, she ran mostly in selling plates, winning four of her eleven starts, including the Liverpool Tyro Stakes and the Glasgow Nursery at Doncaster, and second three times. At age 4 she won the Bretby Handicap and the Heath Stakes; at age 5 she won the prestigious Workingham Stakes at Ascot. Purchased to America, she went blind early; booked to Star Shoot, also blind, her owner, Mr. Clay, put her to the Runnymede Farm teaser, Knight Errant, instead--the result was the excellent gelded racehorse, Roamer (see above). Also dam of Rosewood, second dam of French Oaks winner Rose Verte.

Smolensko bl. c. 1810
(Sorcerer - Wowski)
Impressive horse with a "fine eye...splendid symmetry...perfect docility," and a mover of "grace and power." His Derby was a rowdy affair, with runaway gigs, collisions, and wild betting--his owner, Sir Charles Bunbury, refused 5,000 Guineas for him before the race began. In addition to the Derby, he won the 2,000 Guineas and Egham's Magna Charta Stakes; sidelined by injury, came back at the end of the season to win a 200 guineas match over Redmond. Won a match at York and a sweep at Newmarket at age 4, then retired for good to the stud. His dam also produced Thunderbolt and Sir Charles, good racehorses. Sired St. Leger winner Jerry, through whom the male line continued for a few generations, terminating in 1859 2,000 Guineas winner The Promised Land, and in The Speaker (1856); also got Gulnare (Oaks), Banker (Ascot Gold Cup), and a number of unnamed mares who are seen in pedigrees in Britain and the U.S.

Strawberry Road b.c. 1973
(Whiskey Road - Giftisa)
Well-traveled dual-continent champion racehorse, he won ten races at age 3 in Australia, including the AJC Derby and the Queensland Derby, becoming Australisian Champion Horse at age 3, and three more at age 4, including the Cox Plate; at 5, shipped to Europe, Japan, and America to run, he was the champion German horse of the year, winning the G.P. von Baden and the Oettingen-Rennen Stakes, later running third in the Washington International. At age 6, back in Europe and again in the U.S., he won the Prix d'Harcourt and the G.P. de St. Cloud, and placed second in the Breeders' Cup Turf; at age 7, now stationed in the U.S., he won the Arcadia Handicap at Santa Anita, with placings in several other west-coast major races. He was retired after running third, at age 8, in the San Marcos Handicap at Santa Anita. Sired 30 stakes winners from 368 foals, including the great filly Escena (U.S. Champion Older Mare); Royal Chariot (Hollywood Turf Cup); Ajina (Breeders' Cup Distaff); Fraise (Breeders' Cup Turf), and stakes winners Fowda and Dinard.

Summerside br. f. 1856
(West Australian - Ellerdale)
One of two classic winners from Ellerdale, who was a "very stout runner up to six years old." Summerside was a low, long filly who ran for three years; not especially good at age 2, she fell in her first outing at 3, in the disastrous Dee Stakes, during which several promising youngsters were killed or injured; she won her next outing the Oaks Stakes, and placed fourth in the St. Leger. She won a plate race at Newmarket in five races at age 4, and was retired to the stud, where she produced Summer's Eve, dam of Roehampton, and Printanniere, dam of Poulet (Rous Stakes, dam of Maori). Her half-brother, Derby winner Ellington, also won the Doncaster Champagne Stakes at age 2; these were his only wins. He was not successful at stud.

The Ill-Used ch. c. 1870
(Breadalbane - Ellermire)
Purchased as a yearling in England and taken to the U.S.; knocked over during his first race at age 2, and not started again until the Belmont Stakes at age 3, when he was interefered with and went down again--after that, he received his name. Later in the season won the Sequel Stakes at Saratoga, beating Fellowcraft, and five days later won the Kenner Stakes, defeating top horses. Injured soon after, he was retired to stud. Influential stallion, sire of His Highness (champion 2 year old, sire), Forester (champion 3 year old), Lady Violet (champion at ages 2 and 3, dam of Preakness winner Watervale), Moss Rose (dam of Henry of Navarre), and many others.

Waxy b. c. 1790
(Pot-8-Os - Maria)
Principal progenitor of the Darley Arabian male line.

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