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  Family 3: Dam of the Two True Blues

The GSB introduces this mare by saying she was "a celebrated mare, belonging to Mr Bowes, of Streatlam", giving her sire as the Byerley Turk, dam unknown. Bowes' estate, Streatleam Park, was in County Durham, close to Middridge Grange where the Byerley Turk stood in his early years as a stallion. Bowes was an ancestor of John Bowes, Earl of Strathmore, whose stud at Streatleam was well known and influential over a hundred years later. The Earls of Strathmore adopted the Bowes family name from a wealthy Bowes heiress who married into the family, bringing the estate of Streatleam with her.

The mare in question was probably born in the early part of the 1690s. Of her dam, nothing is known for certain, although the Bowes family already had a long association with fine running stock, so it's presumed she was of high quality. The GSB helpfully notes that the Dam of the Two True Blues was "conjectured" to have been the same as the Byerley Turk mare (dam by the Selaby Turk-Hautboy-son of the Helmsley Turk- Dodsworth-Burton Barb), owned by John Hutton and descending from the founder of family #2, the Burton Barb mare. This suspicion is supported by two pieces of evidence. Hutton's mare's first foal of record was a filly named Bowes (by Hutton's Grey Barb), tying her to Mr. Bowes, owner of the dam of the Two True Blues. Also, the last foal of the Hutton mare's record was Whitefoot, a colt of 1709, whereas Bowes' mare's first foal of record was the 1710 colt, True Blue. Under this presumption, the mare was owned by Hutton and later acquired by Bowes.

The Byerley Turk mare's color is unknown, but since all her foals were grey, it's likely she was a grey, especially if she descended from a mare by the grey Hautboy. It's equally possible she was a dark bay or brown, like many of the offspring of the Byerley Turk, and that her offspring's grey color came from their sire, the Honywood Arabian, sometimes known as the Honywood White Arabian. All the foals out of this Byerley Turk mare were listed in the GSB as bred by Mr. Williams (presumably the same as the Sir John Williams that owned the sire) and sired by Honywood's Arabian, a stallion noted to have also been known as Sir J. Williams's Turk and Sir C. Turner's Turk. [Note the switch of breed identity between Arabian and Turk which was common at the time. Country of origin seems to have been less important than the Oriental breeding itself.]

Her most famous foals, the two True Blues, are both described as being owned by Mr. Honywood, whose name is also attached to their sire. Honywood had purchased the Arabian from Williams, and apparently later sold it to Sir Charles Turner. It's possible that the Byerley Turk mare was sold or leased to Honywood along with the stallion, with Williams retaining part-ownership of her foals. The GSB notes that this mare was probably the only "bred" mare that the Honywood Arabian covered.

Her first foal, True Blue, a grey horse foaled in 1710, "was the best Plate horse in England, for four or five years." She then produced two daughters, both grey fillies by Honywood's Arabian. Only the first of these is attributed with having foals, two fillies, both by Bartlett's Childers.

Nearly all of her descendants are funneled through the filly by Bartlett's Childers, also known as "Dam of Miss Belsea," owned by Sir William Middleton. Her last foal of record was the grey colt foaled in 1718 known as Young True Blue was described as "in a very high form". He was a successful sire, his best including the Rumford Gelding and Lord Onslow's Grey Horse, described as "middling horses, out of road mares." He also sired several broodmares of note, including Miss Slamerkin (dam of Oronooko, Bustard, Black and All Black a.k.a. Othello, Duchess, etc.) and three unnamed daughters. One of these unnamed mares produced Red Rose by Devonshire Blacklegs, herself dam of Jalap (c. 1758), a son of Regulus and considered one of the foundation sires for the Cleveland Bay breed.

Dam of the Two True Blues Produce
True Blue gr.c. 1710 by Honywood's Arabian
gr.f. by Honywood's Arabian. Dam of
     f. by Bartlett's Childers, a.k.a. "Dam of Miss Belsea"
gr.f. by Honywood's Arabian
Young True Blue gr.c. 1718 by Honeywood's Arabian. Sire.


Family #3 Oaks Winners

Bellisima   Galata  
Bellissima Galata
Mincemeat   Mincepie  
Mincemeat Mincepie
Memoir   Cherry Lass  
Memoir Cherry Lass
Fifinella   Straitlace  
Fifinella Straitlace
Toboggan   Rose of England  
Toboggan Rose of England
Frieze  Carrozza  
Frieze Carrozza

1779 BRIDGET b.f. 1776
(Herod - Jemima)

1781 FAITH b.f. 1778
(Herod - Curiosity)

1783 MAID OF THE OAKS ch.f. 1780
(Herod - Rarity)

1785 TRIFLE br.f. 1782
(Justice - Cypher)

1798 BELLISSIMA b.f. 1795
(Phoenomenon - Wren)

1800 EPHEMERA ch.f. 1797
(Woodpecker - Bobtail)

1809 MAID OF ORLEANS b.f. 1806
(Sorcerer - daughter of Pot-8-Os)

1832 GALATA br.f. 1829
(Sultan - Advance)

1854 MINCEMEAT b.f. 1851
(Sweetmeat - Hybla)

1856 MINCEPIE ch.f. 1853
(Sweetmeat - Foinnualla)

1871 HANNAH b.f. 1868
(King Tom - Mentmore Lass)

1876 CAMELIA ch.f. 1873
(Macaroni - Araucaria)

1890 MEMOIR br.f. 1887
(St. Simon - Quiver)

1892 LA FLECHE br.f. 1889
(St. Simon - Quiver)

1905 CHERRY LASS b.f. 1902
(Isinglass - Black Cherry)

1916 FIFINELLA ch.f. 1913
(Polymelus - Silver Fowl)

1924 STRAITLACE br.f. 1921
(Son-in-Law - Stolen Kiss)

1928 TOBOGGAN b.f. 1925
(Hurry On - Glacier)

1930 ROSE OF ENGLAND br.f. 1927
(Teddy - Perce Neige)

1932 UDAIPUR br.f. 1929
(Blandford - Uganda)

1942 SUN CHARIOT br.f. 1939
(Hyperion - Clarence)

1952 FRIEZE b.f. 1949
(Phideas - Cornice)

1957 CARROZZA br.f. 1954
(Dante - Calash)

1964 HOMEWARD BOUND ch.f. 1961
(Alycidon - Sabie River)

1972 GINEVRA b.f. 1969
(Shantung - Zest)

1993 INTREPIDITY b.f. 1990
(Sadler's Wells - Intrepid Lady)

Family #3 Derby Winners

Sir Peter Teazle  Skyscraper  
Sir Peter Teazle Skyscraper
Mameluke  Spaniel  
Mameluke Spaniel
Pyrrhus  Kettledrum  
Pyrrhus the First Kettledrum
Favonius  Galopin  
Favonius Galopin
Feldstead  Dante  
Felstead Dante
Pinza  Santa Claus  
Pinza Santa Claus

1782 ASSASSIN b.c. 1779
(Sweetbriar - Angelica)

1787 SIR PETER TEAZLE br.c. 1784
(Highflyer - Papillon)

1789 SKYSCRAPER b.c. 1786
(Highflyer - Everlasting)

1800 CHAMPION b.c. 1797
(Pot-8-Os - Huncamunca)

1802 TYRANT b.c. 1799
(Pot-8-Os - Sea-Fowl)

1804 HANNIBAL b.c. 1801
(Driver - Fractious)

1826 LAP-DOG b.c. 1823
(Whalebone - daughter of Canopus)

1827 MAMELUKE b.c. 1824
(Partisan - Miss Sophia)

1831 SPANIEL b.c. 1828
(Whalebone - daughter of Canopus)

1846 PYRRHUS THE FIRST ch.c. 1843
(Epirus - Fortress)

1849 THE FLYING DUTCHMAN br.c. 1846
(Bay Middleton - Barbelle)

1861 KETTLEDRUM ch.c. 1858
(Rataplan - Hybla)

1871 FAVONIUS ch.c. 1868
(Parmesan - Zephyr)

1875 GALOPIN b.c. 1872
(Vedette - Flying Duchess)

1893 ISINGLASS b.c. 1890
(Isonomy - Deadlock)

1916 FIFINELLA ch.f. 1913
(Polymelus - Silver Fowl)

1928 FELDSTEAD b.c. 1925
(Spion Kop - Felkington)

1940 PONT L'EVEQUE b.c. 1937
(Barneveldt - Ponteba)

1945 DANTE br.c. 1942
(Nearco - Rosy Legend)

1953 PINZA b.c. 1950
(Chanteur - Pasqua)

1964 SANTA CLAUS b.c. 1961
(Chamossaire - Aunt Clara)

1980 HENBIT b.c. 1977
(Hawaii - Chateaucreek)

1983 TEENOSO b.c. 1980
(Youth - Furioso)

1986 SHAHRASTANI ch.c. 1983
(Nijinsky - Shademah)

2006 SIR PERCY b.c. 2003
(Mark of Esteem - Percy's Lass)

Family #3 St. Leger Winners

Ambrosio  Champion  
Ambrosio Champion
VonTromp  Flying Dutchman  
Von Tromp Flying Dutchman
Stockwell  Hannah  
Stockwell Hannah
La Fleche  Isinglass  
La Fleche Isinglass
Sun Chariot  Sayajirao  
Sun Chariot Sayajirao

1787 SPADILLE b.c. 1784
(Highflyer - Flora)

1788 YOUNG FLORA b.f. 1785
(Highflyer - Flora)

1793 NINETY-THREE b.c. 1790
(Florizel - Nosegay)

1796 AMBROSIO b.c. 1793
(Sir Peter Teazle - Tulip)

1800 CHAMPION b.c. 1797
(Pot-8-Os - Huncamunca)

1847 VAN TROMP br.c. 1844
(Lanercost - Barbelle)

1849 THE FLYING DUTCHMAN br.c. 1846
(Bay Middleton - Barbelle)

1852 STOCKWELL ch.c. 1849
(The Baron - Pocahontas)

1871 HANNAH b.f. 1868
(King Tom - Mentmore Lass)

1879 RAYON D'OR chc. 1876
(Flageolet - Araucaria)

1890 MEMOIR br.f. 1887
(St. Simon - Quiver)

1892 LA FLECHE br.f. 1889
(St. Simon - Quiver)

1893 ISINGLASS b.c. 1890
(Isonomy - Deadlock)

1913 NIGHT HAWK b.c. 1910
(Gallinule - Jean's Folly)

1937 CHUMLEIGH b.c. 1934
(Singapore - Rose of England)

1942 SUN CHARIOT br.f. 1939
(Hyperion - Clarence)

1947 SAYAJIRAO br.c. 1944
(Nearco - Rosy Legend)

1976 CROW ch.c. 1973
(Exbury - Carmosina)

1991 TOULON b.c. 1988
(Top Ville - Green Rock)

2004 RULE OF LAW b.c. 2001
(King Mambo - Crystal Crossing)

Family #3 Other Family Members

A.P. Indy
A.P. Indy
Courtesy Tony Leonard

Bay Ronald
Bay Ronald
Beau Pere
Beau Pere
Black Cherry
Black Cherry
Hobbie Noble
Hobbie Noble
Huncamunca with Champion
John O' Gaunt
John O'Gaunt
King Tom
King Tom
Kizil Kourgan
Kizil Kourgan
Right Royal
Right Royal
Silver Fowl
Silver Fowl
Courtesy Tony Leonard

Tom Fool
Tom Fool
Wild Risk
Wild Risk

A.P. Indy b.c. 1989
(Seattle Slew - Weekend Surprise)
Top-priced yearling, winner of the Hollywood Futurity at two, and Champion at three, with wins in the Santa Anita Derby, Belmont Stakes and Breeders' Cup Classic. An immediate success at stud, his best runners include Pulpit, Old Trieste, Royal Indy, Runup the Colors and Tomisue's Delight.

Bay Ronald b.c. 1893
(Hampton - Black Duchess)
Winner of the Hardwicke Stakes and the City and Suburban Handicap, he exceeded expectations at stud, siring such horses as Bayardo, Dark Ronald, Rondeau, Wild Oats. Son Dark Ronald is also seen in a number of international thoroughbred and warmblood sporthorse pedigrees.

Beau Pere br.c. 1927
(Son-In-Law - Cinna)
Moderate winner of handicap races at 3 and 4, sold to New Zealand where he became leading sire 1938-40; sold to Australia where he was leading sire three times, and then sold to America where he was on the leading sire lists. 49 stakes winners from 286 foals.

Black Cherry br.f. 1892
(Bendigo - Black Duchess)
This half-sister to Bay Ronald won only one race in her nine starts as a juvenile, her only season, but had a significant impact on thoroughbred bloodlines through her thirteen foals, nine of which were winners. Dam of Classic winner Cherry Lass (which see), St. James's Palace Stakes winner Black Arrow, Railway and Anglesey Stakes winner Jean's Folly. Through daughters Jean's Folly, second dam of St. Leger winner Night Hawk; through Mountain Eagle second dam of Goodwood Cup winner Mount Royal, and through Blanche second dam of Cesarewitch Stakes winner Seminole, the influential sire Blandford, and Nun's Veil, tail-female ancestress of Sun Chariot, Santa Claus, Pindari, Carrozza, and other top runners. Also tail-female ancestress of Doncaster Cup winner Trimbush, top South American runner Filon, Belmont Stakes winner Sherluck and top French runner and sire, Caro.

Blandford br.c. 1919
(Swynford - Blanche)
Unattractive, unlucky in injuries, and lightly raced, winning the Princess of Wales Stakes and 2 others, he became Leading Sire in England 3 times in the 1930s. Offspring include Derby winners Trigo, Blenheim, Windsor Lad and Bahram; Umidwar, Badruddin, Brantome, and many other horses with impact on the breed.

Bold Bidder b.c. 1962
(Bold Ruler - High Bid)
Won 13 of his 33 races to age 4, including the Hawthorne Gold Cup, the Monmouth Handicap, and others. Sired 53 stakes winners from 490 foals, including Cannonade, Liloy, Spectacular Bid.

Caro gr.c. 1967
(Fortino II - Chambord)
Consistent runner, winning 6 of his 19 races and placing 7 times, including Prix d'Harcourt; Prix Dollar and others. Purchased to America the year he was leading sire in France, 1977. Offspring include Cozzene, Siberian Express, Winning Colors.

Cinna b.f. 1917
(Polymelus - Baroness La Fleche)
She won one race at age two, and placed second twice, including Ascot's New Stakes; at age three winner of the One Thousand Guineas and Ascot's Coronation Stakes, and second in the Oaks Stakes. Very influential in the Antipodes through her sons, Beau Pere (see above), the modest runner Mr Standfast, a leading sire of broodmares, and the unraced Balloch, twice leading sire in New Zealand, and also a leading broodmare sire. Sire Indian Ridge, Irish Derby winner Fraise du Bois, Melbourne Cup winner Gold and Black, and a number of New Zealand classic winners descend from her daughters in tail-female.

Colorado br.c. 1923
(Phalaris - Canyon)
A good and game stayer, he ran to age 4, winning 9 races, including the 2,000 Guineas, the Rous Memorial Stakes and Newbury Summer Cup. Died at age 6 with only 2 crops on the ground, still placed second on England's Leading Sire list in 1932 and 33, with youngsters like Canon Law, Furrokh Siyar, Loaningdale.

Dante br.c. 1942
(Nearco - Rosy Legend)
Unbeaten 2 year old of 6 stakes races, at 3 he won the war-time Derby and the Roseberry Stakes. Brother of St. Leger winner Sayajirao, and sire of Toulouse Lautrec, Darius, Carrozza, Diableretta, Discorea.

Flatcatcher b.c. 1845
(Touchstone - Decoy)
Winner of the Woodcote Stakes, the Dee Stakes, the Liverpool St. Leger, and the 2,000 Guineas, he sired the important mares Jeu D'Esprit, Maid of Derwent, Spinster and Whisp.

Forli ch.c. 1963
(Aristophanes - Trevisa)
Unbeaten winner, at 2 and 3, of the top races in Argentina; at 4, in the U.S., he won 2 races, and placed in the Citation Handicap, running on a fractured leg. 55 stakes winners from 625 foals, his many successful youngsters included Thatch, Forego, Sardeem, Posse, Intrepid Hero.

Hobbie Noble b.c. 1849
(Pantaloon - Phryne)
Best 3 year old of his generation, it was widely recognized he was drugged ("squared") on the eve of his Derby run when he was beat by largely inferior horses.

Huncamunca b.f. 1787
(Highflyer - Cypher)
Important early broodmare first in the Grosvenor stud, then in the Oxton, Yorkshire stud of Christopher Wilson, "Father of the Turf," and long-time Jockey Club steward. Dam of Derby and St. Leger winner Champion, later sold to stud in Ireland; of Sophia, dam of One Thousand Guineas winner Charolette and second dam in tail-female of Derby winner Mameluke; and of two daughters from whom a number of important horses descend, including Oaks and One Thousand Guineas winner Galata, Oaks winner Maid of Orleans, and numerous other classic and stakes winners in Germany, France, American, Australia, and New Zealand.

Iron Ruler gr.c. 1965
(Never Bend - Obedient)
Game sprinter ran to age 4, winning 9 of his 35 races, including the Jerome Stakes, the Westchester Stakes, and the Cowdin Stakes, placing second 13 times. Sired 29 stakes winners from 354 foals, including Iron Constitution, Aloma's Ruler, Yes Dear Maggy, and the sturdy handicapper Tough Mickey.

John O' Gaunt b.c. 1901
(Isinglass - La Fleche)
Ran well below his royal pedigree, winning only one race, although he placed second in both the 2,000 Guineas and the Derby. Best known as the sire of Swynford, other youngsters included Kennymore and Harry of Hereford.

King Tom b.c. 1851
(Harkaway - Pocahontas)
Leggy and speedy stayer, an injured hock plagued his career and forced his retirement when he broke down at age 4 during the Cesearewitch. Sire of such classic winners as Kingcraft, Hannah, Hippia and Tormenter, he was known as a "filly getter."

Kizil Kourgan ch.f. 1899
(Omnium II - Kasbah)
Outstanding French race filly at age three, winner of the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, Prix Lupin, Prix de Diane, and the Grand Prix de Paris. In the stud she produced Prix Greffulhe winner Kenilworth, the great Ksar (see below), and some good producing daughters whose offspring and tail-female descendants were good stakes winners and included One Thousand Guineas winner Kandy and the good American runner Assagai.

Ksar ch.c. 1918
(Bruleur - Kizil Kourgan)
He won 11 of his 15 races, including the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, twice, and the Prix du Jockey Club. Considered the top of his generation in Europe, he sired winners in France and the U.S., among them Castel Fusano, Tourbillon, Ut Majeur, Ukrania, Thor, Formor and Le Ksar. Imported into Virginia in his old age. In the pedigrees of a number of international jumpers (damsire of Steinkraus' olympic jumping mount,Ksar d'Esprit), primarily through son Tourbillon.

Marco ch.c. 1892
(Barcaldine - Novitiate)
Plucky horse ran to age 5, winning 10 races, including the Cambridgeshire Stake. At stud his many important youngsters included Beppo, Marcovil, Neil Gow, Omar Khayyam.

Mentmore Lass b.f. 1850
(Melbourne - Emerald)
Established her own branch of this family through daughters Zephyr ( dam of Favonius) and Breeze, whose descendents included Radium, Galeazzo, and Paseana.

Musket b.c. 1867
(Toxophilite - Musket's dam)
Highly influential sire won 9 of his 14 races in England prior to shipment to Australia. Offspring included his equally influential son, Carbine; 2,000 Guineas and Doncaster Cup winner Petronel; Martini-Henry, and Trenton.

Nashua b.c. 1952
(Nasrullah - Segula)
Big, powerful and lazy, he won 22 of his 30 races to age 4, including the Belmont and Preakness Stakes, the Jockey Club Gold Cup (twice). He got 77 stakes winners from 636 foals, the best being the great staying mare Shuvee; others included Bramalea, Marshua, Diplomat Way. His fillies were better than his colts, and included the dams of Mr. Prospector and Roberto.

Ormondale b.c. 1903
(Ormonde - Santa Bella)
Won the 1905 Futurity Stakes, at the time the most prestigious juvenile race in the U.S. Sired Dwyer Stakes winner Purchase, and top 1924 3 year old Ordinance. Also grandsire of two top American hunters, Holystone and Cap and Gown.

Palestine gr.c. 1947
(Fair Trial - Una)
Quiet, workman-like winner of 11 of his 13 races at 2 and 3, including the 2,000 Guineas, and the Coventry Stakes. Youngsters included Pakistan II, Pall Mall, Paola II, Verrieres, and a number of good producing mares.

Pocahontas b.f. 1837
(Glencoe - Marpessa)
A tiny roarer, she did not win in 9 starts over 4 years, but had immeasurable influence at stud; there is hardly thoroughbred in the world that doesn't trace back to her multiple times, usually through one of her three outstanding sons (of 15 foals), Rataplan, Stockwell, and King Tom.

Polymelus b.c. 1902
(Cyllene - Maid Marian)
Winner of 11 of his 31 starts, ages 2 through 5, including Richmond Stakes, Gatwick Stakes, Cambridgeshire Stakes. Leading sire in England 5 times, offspring included Archaic, Black Jester, Cinna, Corcyra, Fifinella, Humorist, and many other top runners, and the influential sire Phalaris.

Pompey b.c. 1923
(Sun Briar - Cleopatra)
Top 2 year old of his generation, at 3 he won the Wood Memorial Stakes. Sired 32 stakes winners from 299 foals, including Some Pomp, Ladysman, Pompoon, Black Queen, Whirlabout, and the granddams of Bold Ruler and Polynesian.

Radium b.c. 1903
(Bend Or - Taia)
Won 10 of his 24 races, including the Doncaster, Goodwood and Jockey Club Cups. Sired Australian leading sire Night Raid (sire of Phar Lap), Clarrisimus, Periosteum, Apothecary, and the producers Brocatelle, Ecurie, Fairy Ray, among others.

Rayon d'Or ch.c. 1876
(Flageolet - Araucaria)
Good winner in France and England of the St. Leger, St. James' Palace Stakes, Prix du Cadran and other top races. Sent to the U.S., where he was leading sire in 1889, his offspring included Campfire, Tenny, Octagon, Lady of the Vale.

Rataplan ch.c. 1850
(The Baron - Pocahontas)
Lazy, awkward colt who liked a snooze after meals, he loved a route and was a fast finisher, winning the Doncaster Cup, the Queen's Vase at Ascot and 40 additional races of his 82 starts. Significant sire of such horses as Ben Battle, Blinkhoolie, Kettledrum, Lady Lumley, Mineral, Rigolboche.

Right Royal br.c. 1958
(Owen Tudor - Mrs. Delaney)
Top winner in France, including the Prix du Jockey Club, and also won King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes in England. Leading sire in Italy in 1967, his offspring included Prince Regent (Irish Sweeps), Ruysdael (Italian Derby), Right Away (French 1,000 Guineas), Rex Magna (French St. Leger).

Sans Souci II b.c. 1904
(Le Roi Soleil - Sanctimony)
Won the Grand Prix de Paris among other races at 2 and 3 in France. Sired La Farina, classic-level runners Antares, Cadum, La Farina, among others, and good producing daughters.

Silver Fowl ch.f. 1904
(Wildfowler - L'Argent)
Top juvenile filly in Ireland, she won the Curragh's National Produce Stakes and two other races, and was second on three other important races, including the Railway Stakes, but she failed to win in her successive two season in England. Seriously injured before being put to stud, she recovered sufficently before the order for her destruction was put into effect and went on to produce eleven winners, including classic winner Fifinella; Cambridgeshire Stakes winner Silver Tag, later tail-female ancestress of Ascot Gold Cup winner Wallaby and other top runners; Coronation Cup winner Silvern; Soubriquet, winner of 5 races at age three and runner up in both the 1,000 Guineas and the Oaks Stakes and dam of Tai Yang and tail-female ancestress of classic winners Pasch and Pinza; modest winner Silvretta, tail-female ancestress of good winners.

Sun Chariot b.f. 1939
(Hyperion - Clarence)
This temperamental and top class race filly was unbeaten at 2, and at 3 she won the 1,000 Guineas, the Oaks and the St. Leger, among other races. At stud she produced the top 2 year old Gigantic, the stakes-winning Landau, and the unbeaten Blue Train, who suffered an early death.

Sunday Silence bl.c. 1986
(Halo - Wishing Well)
Horse of the Year in the U.S. and Eclipse Award winner in 1989, he won 9 of his 14 races, including the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes and the Santa Anita Derby, among others. Sent to Japan, where he became a perennial leading sire of champions and classic winners like Fujikiseki, Special Week, Dance in the Dark, Admire Vega, and others.

Tom Fool b.c. 1949
(Menow - Gaga)
Horse of the year in the U.S. in 1953, his wins included the Metropolitan Handicap, Suburban Handicap, Sysonby Stakes (twice), and the Pimlico Special, in all winning 21 of his 30 races from ages 2 to 4. Leading Sire of Broodmares in 1965, his offspring included Buckpasser, Cap and Bells, Mon Ange, Tim Tam, Tompion, Comedy Star, Silly Season.

Theatrical b.c. 1982
(Nureyev - Tree of Knowledge)
Good-moving winner of 10 races in Europe and America, he was unbeaten at 2; at 5 he came into his own on the green in the U.S., winning the Breeder's Cup Turf Classic, the Hialeah Turf Cup and 3 other races of 7 starts. Currently a leading sire, especially of grass runners, such as Geri, Hishi Amazon, Zagreb, Royal Anthem.

Toxophilite b.c. 1855
(Longbow - Legerdemain)
Winner of the Ascot Derby, the Doncaster Stakes and the Grand Duke Michael Stakes at age 3, word had it his "soft-heartedness" lost him the Derby (to Beadsman). Important sire of such horses as Assegai, Musket, Quiver, Mosquito.

Udaipur br. f. 1929
(Blandford - Uganda)
Sister to Umidwar (see below), out of the French Oaks and Prix Royal Oak winner Uganda, she won four races at age three for the Aga Khan, including Epsom's Oaks Stakes, the Coronation Stakes, and the Newmarket Oaks. Successful broodmare, seven of her ten foals were winners, including (new) Derby Stakes and Ascot Gold Cup winner Umiddad, Jockey Club Stakes winner Dust Devil, Airway, and Naishapur, who won two races at age two and was second in Newmarket's Oaks Stakes. Daughter Clovell was dam of Irish Two Thousand Guineas winer Claro and Imperial Produce Stakes winner Kisaki, daughter Una was dam of classic winner Palestine, and daughter Sonibai was dam of Irish Derby winner Hindostan. Breeder's Cup Classic winner Wild Again is a tail-female descendant.

Umidwar b.c. 1931
(Blandford - Uganda)
A moderate winner of such races at three as the Jockey Club Stakes and the Gratwicke Stakes, he sired Anwar, Keystone, Squall and Uvira II (dam of Missy Baba).

Vatout b.c. 1926
(Prince Chimay - Vashti)
Short-lived, he rose in class to win the Poule d'Essai des Poulains and place in several other top stakes races. Sire of Bois Roussel, Vatellor, La Foux, Nadushka.

Velocipede ch.c. 1825
(Blacklock - daughter of Juniper)
A "magnificent cripple" with a Roman nose, he ran from ages 2 to 4, winning the York Gold Cup and the Liverpool July Cup. His foals included classic winners Amato and Queen of Trumps, Hornsea, and sires Joe Lovell and King of Trumps.

Wild Risk b.c. 1940
(Rialto - Wild Violet)
Straight-shouldered, club-footed winner of 4 races on the flat, including the Prix Le Sancy and Prix Fould, he excelled over fences, including wins of the Grande Course de Haies d' Auteuil (twice) and the Grande Course de Haies Printemps. Courageous, sound, and tough; sire of Balto, Le Fabuleux, Runaway Bride, Vimy and Worden, among others.

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