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  Family 6: Old Bald Peg

Old Bald Peg first appears in the General Stud Book in the entry for her daughter, the Old Morocco Mare. This is one of the oldest recorded families, since the Old Morocco Mare's birth date is estimated to be c.1655, and Old Bald Peg's five to ten years prior to that. Her breeder and local origins are unknown, although she was apparently of pure oriental breeding, being by an unknown Arabian (Wentworth says his name was "Sultan"), out of a Barb mare. Her name indicates that she had extensive white markings, possibly a blaze (i.e. "bald-faced"), but nothing else is known of her. Fortunately, more is known of her only recorded foal, the Old Morocco Mare. Of her, the GSB notes she was "sometimes called Old Peg" and was "bred at Helmsley by Lord Fairfax, got by his Morocco Barb, out of Old Bald Peg, who was got by an Arabian, out of a Barb mare."

Old Bald Peg's location at Helmsley, in Yorkshire, indicates she may have been a descendant of mares belonging to the first Duke of Buckingham, George Villiers (1592-1628) who acquired the estate at Helmsley through marriage to the Earl of Rutland's daughter, Lady Katharine Manners in 1620. Villiers (created Duke of Buckingham in 1623) served as Master of the Horse to James I, as well as Lord High Admiral (1619) from 1616 until his death by assassination in 1628. Villiers was responsible for importing a number of horses from Morocco, Spain and Italy for the royal studs, and, it is believed, for himself and other nobles as well. The Earls of Rutland (seat at Belvoir Castle) had bred and raced horses well back into the previous century, if not earlier, almost certainly primarily from native stock--it isn't until 1609 that documents indicate an Earl of Rutland expressing an interest in acquiring a stallion from Italy and gossiping regarding the purchase of oriental horses by other peers of the realm.

When the first Duke of Buckingham was assassinated in 1628, his very young son, the second George Villiers (1627-1687), became heir to Helmsley. The Second Duke was raised in close proximity with the family of Charles I, and served him in the civil wars, later joining Charles II in exile in France. His estates, including Helmsley, were seized by the Commonwealth, and Helmsley was given to the parliamentarian commander-in-chief, Sir Thomas Fairfax, in 1651. Fairfax, like many of his peers, was also a breeder of fine horses.

Three years prior to the restoration, Helmsley was reacquired by the second Duke of Buckingham, in 1657, through his marriage to Fairfax's daughter, Mary, which is why Villiers is credited in the GSB as having bred Spanker (by Darcy Yellow Turk) from the Old Morroco Mare. Spanker was "said to have been the best horse at Newmarket in Charles II's reign" He was later owned by Mr. Pelham of Brocklesby, where he stood at stud, "and was sometimes described as Mr. Pelham's Bay Arabian."

The Old Morocco Mare also produced three (or four) extremely important daughters. Young Bald Peg was sired by the Leedes Arabian and owned by Sir Ralph Milbanke. The GSB notes that "Some accounts make Y. Bald Peg as by Spanker." Young Bald Peg produced one, possibly two foals of record, the first certainly, a filly Bay Peg, bred by Anthony Leedes of Milford, Yorkshire. The GSB lists Bay Peg's sire as the Leedes Arabian, the same sire as her dam's. However, Prior [Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, p.150] cites evidence in the diary of John Hervey, who visited the Leedes stud in 1705, wherein he notes that the sire of Bay Peg was Young Spanker, a horse not recorded in the GSB. Bay Peg produced only two foals of record, but they were crackers, the top runners and sires Basto (b.c. 1702) by the Byerley Turk and Fox (b.c. 1714) by Clumsey. There is another filly, this one by the Wilkinson Barb, which the GSB identifies as "out of Sir R. Milbanke's Bald Peg" and goes further to explain that "This might be Y. Bald Peg, or her g. dam," although the dates as known seem to indicate her dam was, indeed, Young Bald Peg. At any rate, this Wilkinson Barb mare (a.k.a. Lilliput's dam) produced three foals, Lilliput (a colt by the Bald Galloway), a filly by Grey Grantham (through whom this branch of the family continues on to King Fergus and Musjid), and a filly by the Bald Galloway (dam of Kettle Bender, b.c. 1740 by Smales Childers).

The next daughter of the Old Morocco Mare, owned by Lord (James) D'Arcy, was a full sister to Spanker (by the Darcy Yellow Turk), who produced Lord Lonsdale's colt Counsellor (by the Shaftesbury Turk). Lonsdale's Counsellor sired two colts of note, Darcy's Counsellor and Wood's Counsellor.

According to the GSB, the Old Morocco Mare's last foal of record, also bred by James D'Arcy, was sired by Spanker, as the GSB puts it "her own son", a filly inbred 2x1 to her dam, but the information provided by Lord Hervey's diary regarding Bay Peg, that she was sired by YoungSpanker seems more likely. This [Young] Spanker Mare is the most influential of all the daughters, dam of five siblings by the Leedes Arabian: Leedes, Highland Laddie, Cream Cheeks, Charming Jenny, and Betty Percival. Leedes was a good sire. Cream Cheeks was the dam of Tifter, Chaunter, the Cardigan Colt, Dale' s Horse, Betty Leedes (dam of Flying Childers and Bartlett's Childers), and a sister to Chaunter (dam of Roxana and so granddam of Lath and Cade). Charming Jenny produced Bay Pigot and the stallion Fox Cub. The breeding of Cream Cheeks was called into question by Prior, who, while researching early Yorkshire breeder Cuthbert Routh's papers, came across the statement that Betty Leedes's dam, Cream Cheeks, was by the Leedes Arabian and out of "a famous roan mare of Sr [Sir] Mar.[Marmaduke] Wyvill's". If true, this removes all the descendants of Cream Cheeks, including Flying Childers and Bartlett's Childers, from this family tree.

Old Morocco Mare f. c.1650 by Fairfax's Morocco Barb. Dam of
   Spanker b.c. (?) by Darcy's Yellow Turk. Sire.
   Young Bald Peg f. by Leedes' Arabian. Dam of
        Bay Peg f. by Leedes' Arabian or Young Spanker.
        ?Lilliput's dam, f. by Wilkinson's Barb. (Possibly a daughter of Old Bald Peg)
   f. by Darcy's Yellow Turk. Dam of
        Lonsdale's Counsellor c. by Shaftesbury Turk.
   f. about 1690 by Spanker. [Note: this mare may have been Wyvill Roan of unknown parentage] Dam of
        Leeds c. by Leedes' Arabian. Sire.
        Highland Laddie c. about 1714 by Leedes' Arabian
        Cream Cheeks f. by Leedes' Arabian
        Charming Jenny f. by Leedes' Arabian
        Betty Percival f. by Leedes' Arabian


Family #6 Oaks Winners

Eleanor Juliette Marny
Eleanor Juliette Marny
Shoveler Sariska
Shoveler Sariska

1792 VOLANTE b.f. 1789
(Highflyer - Fanny)

1793 CAELIA br. f. 1790
(Volunteer - Sister to Pharamond)

1801 ELEANOR b.f. 1798
(Whiskey - Young Giantess)

1819 SHOVELER b.f. 1816
(Scud - Goosander)

1829 GREEN MANTLE b.f. 1826
(Sultan - Dulcinea)

1975 JULIETTE MARNY b.f. 1972
(Blakeney - Set)

1979 SCINTILLATE b.f. 1976
(Sparkler - Set Free)

1996 LADY CARLA b.f. 1993
(Caerleon - Shirley Superstar)

2009 SARISKA b. f. 2006
(Pivotal - Maycocks Bay)

Family #6 Derby Winners

Diomed Phantom
Diomed Phantom
Sailor Priam
Sailor Priam
Musjid Nimbus
Musjid Nimbus

1780 DIOMED ch.c. 1777
(Florizel - Sister to Juno)

1781 YOUNG ECLIPSE b.c. 1778
(Eclipse - Juno)

1979 COLT BY FIDGET br.c. 1794
(Fidget - Sister to Pharamond)

1801 ELEANOR b.f. 1798
(Whiskey - Young Giantess)

1811 PHANTOM b.c. 1808
(Walton - Julia)

1818 SAM ch.c. 1815
(Scud - Hyale)

1820 SAILOR ch.c. 1817
(Scud - Goosander)

1830 PRIAM b.c. 1827
(Emilius - Cressida)

1834 PLENIPOTENTIARY ch.c. 1831
(Emilius - Harriet)

1859 MUSJID br.c. 1856
(Newminster - Peggy)

1862 CARACTACUS b.c. 1859
(Kingston - Defenceless)

1924 SANSOVINO b.c. 1921
(Swynford - Gondolette)

1933 HYPERION ch.c. 1930
(Gainsborough - Selene)

1949 NIMBUS b.c. 1946
(Nearco - Kong)

1974 SNOW KNIGHT ch.c. 1971
(Firestreak - Snow Blossom)

Family #6 St. Leger Winners

Tarrare Tranquil
Tarrare Tranquil
Chamossaire Hyperion
Chamossaire Hyperion

1814 WILLIAM b.c. 1811
(Governor - Elizabeth)

1826 TARRARE b.c. 1823
(Catton - Henrietta)

1923 TRANQUIL b.f. 1920
(Swynford - Serenissima)

1933 HYPERION ch.c. 1930
(Gainsborough - Selene)

1940 TURKHAN b.c. 1937
(Bahram - Theresina)

1945 CHAMOSSAIRE ch.c. 1942
(Precipitation - Snowberry)

1978 JULIO MARINER b.c. 1975
(Blakeney - Set Free)

Family #6 Other Family Members

Big Game
Big Game
Bold Venture
Bold Venture
Flying Childers
Flying Childers
Grey Sovereign
Grey Sovereign
King Fergus
King Fergus
Old Man
Old Man
Old Rosebud
Old Rosebud
Pharamond II

Alibhai ch.c. 1938
(Hyperion - Teresina)
Bowed both front tendons during training and never started. In the top ten leading U.S. sire lists eleven times. His 54 stakes winners included Flower Bowl, My Host, Honey's Alibi, Moslem Chief, Your Host, Moslem, Traffic Judge, Bornastar.

Big Game br.c. 1939
(Bahram - Myrobella)
A handsome colt unbeaten at two and at three winner of the Salisbury Stakes and the 2,000 Guineas. Leading sire of Broodmares in Great Britain 3 times in the 1960s; sired Ambiguity, Queenpot, Faux Tirage, Makarpura, among others.

Bold Venture ch.c. 1933
(St. Germans - Possible)
Winner of six races from eleven starts, including the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes, two of his sons, Middleground and Assault, went on to win the Derby as well. Also sire of Depth Charge, On Your Own, Postillion.

Bolero c. 1946
(Eight Thirty - Stepwisely)
Long-running winner of 16 out of 39 starts, ages 2 to 5, including the Del Mar Derby, San Carlos Handicap, Pacific Handicap. A sire of speed, his best offspring included Battle Dance, Bolero Rose and Capelet.

Corcyra ch.c. 1911
(Polymelus - Pearmain)
Won 8 races at ages 2 and 3, including the Rous Stakes, the Ascot Derby and the Newmarket Stakes. His offspring included Cleopatra, Rackety Coo, and Terplitz.

Count Fleet br.c. 1940
(Reigh Count - Quickly)
Best of his generation at 3, and winner of the American Triple Crown, voted Horse of the Year in 1943, his 38 stakes winners included Countess Fleet, Count of Honor, Count Turf, Counterpoint. Top sire of broodmares, dams of Kelso, Prince John and Quill.

Csardas ch.c. 1910
(Caius - Danubia)
Winner of major German-Austrian races, including the Henckel Rennen, the Preis der Jockey Club, the Grosser Preis von Hamburg, and the Osterreichisches Derby.

Eleanor b.f. 1798
(Whiskey - Young Giantess)
Half-sister to Sorcerer and full sister to Julia (dam of Phantom), she was a top racemare, winning 29 of her 46 races in five seasons on the turf, from classic distances to four miles, the Epsom Derby, the Oaks, and numerous King's Plates and cups among them. In the stud she produced the good stayer and top sire Muley, and some daughters that bred on for a few generations. Second dam in tail-female of Heads or Tails (1831, by Lottery), an influential broodmare in the U.S.

Flageolet ch.c. 1870
(Plutus - La Favorite)
Bred in France, he won the Prix Morny at 2, and in England the Criterion Stakes at 3 and the Goodwood Cup and Jockey Club Cup at 4. Leading sire in England in 1879, he sired Rayon d'Or, Chamant, Camilia, Zut, Le Destrier and others.

Flying Childers b.c. 1715
(Darley Arabian - Betty Leedes)
Ran 5 times, unbeaten and probably the most famous horse of his day. Sired good runners such as Snip, Hip, Blacklegs and so forth, but his male line eventually died out in thoroughbreds, although it still thrives through son Blaze in both the Hackney and Standardbred breeds. It was his unraced brother, "Bleeding" Childers, or Bartlett's Childers, carried the male line forward through son Squirt, grandsire of Eclipse.

Fox b.c. 1714
(Clumsey - Bay Peg)
He won his first race at age 5, a Ladies' Plate, over 4 miles. Unbeaten over 3, 4 and 6 miles for the next few years, in 1722 he won an 8 mile match and ran back the same dayin a 2 mile match which he lost, and which ended his career. Sired a number of good runners, perhaps most importantly the mare Meliora, dam of Tartar and grandam of King Herod.

Gardefeu b.c. 1895
(Cambyse - Bougie)
Winner of 7 out of 15 races, including the Prix du Jockey Club and Prix des Sablons, this good French horse sired Chouberski, Quintete, Yveline, Yolande.

Gondolette b.f. 1902
(Loved One - Dongola)
Ran for four years, winning three small races, but became a foundation mare in Lord Derby's stud and highly influential 20th century matron. Offspring included 1,000 Guineas winner Ferry, Derby winner Sansovino (see below), the useful Great Sport, the good juvenile Let Fly (later a sire in Argentina), and the good matrons Dolabella and Serenissima, the latter dam of Bosworth, Schiavoni, Selene and Tranquil (winner of 1,000 Guineas and St. Leger).

Grey Sovereign gr.c. 1948
(Nasrullah - Kong)
Among the best sprinters in England, when he so chose, he won a number of stakes between 2 and 4, including the Union Stakes. Near or at the top of the leading sires lists in England in 1958, 1960, 1961, with many successful offspring, such as Zeddan, Fortino, Don, La Tendresse.

Hyale ch.f. 1797
(Phoenomenon - Rally)
Top racemare of late 18th century, she ran for 3 seasons. Her wins included the 2 mile Nottingham Gold Cup, the 4 mile Stamford Gold Cup, and sweeps and matches; broke down running for the Nottingham Gold Cup a second time, but gamely finished third. Excellent broodmare, she produced 10 live foals, including the good runners Clasher, Clinker, dual Ascot Gold Cup winner Anticipation, and Derby winner Sam.

Hyperion ch.c. 1930
(Gainsborough - Selene)
Small, 15.1-1/2 hands, and somewhat temperamental, he won 9 of his 13 races, including the Derby and the St. Leger. Extremely influential 20th century sire who led the lists six times, and was leading broodmare sire three times, a few of his offspring included Derby and Ascot Gold Cup winner and sire Owen Tudor; four Oaks winners -- Godiva (also 1,000 Guineas), Sun Chariot (also 1,000 Guinesa and St. Leger), Hycilla and Sun Stream (also 1,000 Guineas); St. Leger winner Sun Castle; 1,000 Guineas winner Hypericum. He also got dual-leading sire in Great Britain Aureole, and leading broodmare sires High Hat and Hornbeam.

King Fergus ch.c. 1775
(Eclipse - Creeping Polly)
Ran from ages 3 to 6, winning a variety of sweeps and matches against the top horses of his day. Sire of numerous famous horses, including Hambletonian, Young Traveller, and Beningbrough.

Mossborough ch.c. 1947
(Nearco - All Moonshine)
A source of stamina, he won 5 of 15 starts, including Liverpool Autumn Cup. Leading sire in England in 1958, sire of Ballymoss, Cavan, and other top racehorses.

Muley br.c. 1810
(Orville - Eleanor)
Won a number of handicap plates, beating some of the top horses of his day at the age of 5 and was promptly retired to stud, where he sired significant racehorses and progenitors, including Morisco, Leviathan, Margrave, Muley Moloch, Little Wonder, Gilbralter and Vespa.

Myrobella gr.f. 1930
(Tetratema - Dolabella)
A brilliant sprinter, winner of 10 stakes races at 2 and 3, and one at 4, unplaced once in her career. Of her six winning foals, son Big Game and daughter Snowberry were most significant.

Old Man ch.c. 1901
(Orbit - Moissoneuse)
Winner of a number of major stakes in Argentina, including the Gran Premio Jockey Club and the Gran Premio Nacional. One of the most influential of Argentinian sires, and unlike his imported contemporaries (Diamond Jubilee, Jardy, St. Wolf, Cyllene, Your Majesty), native-bred, he was leading sire there three times, and three times second on the list, with winners of 685 races between 1910 and 1924; he was also a top broodmare sire, leading the list nine times, whose daughters spread his influence throughout South America. He got such top Argentinian stakes winners, such as Botafogo, La Ley, Realeza, San Jorge.

Old Rosebud b.g. 1911
(Uncle - Ivory Bells)
His record for the 1914 Kentucky Derby endured until broken by Twenty Grand 16 years later. In 1917 he was the leading U.S. handicap money winner (15 wins/21 starts), and in 1919 came back again to run 30 times, with 9 wins in lesser events. Still in training at age 11 (1922) when he broke down in a race at Jamaica (NY) and was destroyed.

Pharamond II b/br. c. 1925
(Phalaris - Selene)
Although a winner of only 2 of 11 starts in moderate stakes races in England, he became a leading sire in the U.S., with Athenia, Cosmic Bomb, Menow (sire of Tom Fool), By Jimminy, Creole Maid and Apogee among his progeny.

Pipylina dkbr.f. 1803
(Sir Peter Teazle - Rally)
Sister to Pipylin, a good winner that was second in the 1802 Doncaster St. Leger, she had a modest career on the turf for her owner Lord Foley. In the breeding shed she produced Young Pipylina, dam of July Stakes winner Forester, and a filly by Selim (1812) that sent her tail-female line forward. Plenipotentiary (below) descends from her.

Plenipotentiary ch.c. 1831
(Emilius - Harriet)
"Plenipo" always "looked like a fat bullock when in training." Among other races, he beat Glencoe in the Newmarket Craven Stakes, and the Epsom Derby, and at 4 won the Craven Stakes again. Sired Poison, Potentia, Ambassador, Delhi and others.

Roxana b.f. 1718
(Bald Galloway - mare by Acaster Turk)
This important early mare, in the stud of Edward Coke, owner of the Godolphin Arabian before Lord Godolphin, won three races before being put into the stud in 1728. She had four sons: an unnamed colt by Dervise; Lath (1732, by the Godolphin Arabian), a good four-mile runner and sire with some influence on the studbook through his daughters; Cade (1734, by the Godolphin Arabian), winner of the King's Plate at Newmarket in 1740, who carried on the Godolphin Arabian sire line through his son Matchem, and who also got some good daughters that bred on; Roundhead (1733, by Flying Childers).

Sansovino b.c. 1921
(Swynford - Gondolette)
Sturdy winner of 6 out of 12 starts, including the Epsom Derby and the Prince of Wales's Stakes, his offspring included Appian Way, Jacopo, Pastorella, Sansonnet.

See Saw b.c. 1865
(Buccaneer - Margery Daw)
Winner of the Cambridgeshire Stakes and the Royal Hunt Cup at Ascot, his offspring included Bramble, Lady Lumley, Loved One, Mazurka, Little Duck and others.

Selene b.f. 1919
(Chaucer - Serenissima)
Half-sister to Tranquil, and not entered in the classics because she was small, she won 16 of her 22 races (eight as a top juvenile), including the Liverpool Autumn Cup and Doncaster's Park Hill Stakes. Another famous broodmare from this branch of the family, she bred 15 foals, including four great sons, all leading sires -- Hunter's Moon (in Argentina), Pharamond II (in U.S.) , Sickle (in U.S.) and Hyperion (in G.B.). Daughter All Moonshine was the dam of leading sire Mossborough.

Shoveler b.f. 1810
(Scud - Goosander)
Oaks winner Shoveler, sister to Derby winner Sailor, became a broodmare in Thomas Thornhill's stud, where she produced two successful broodmare daughters: the branch extending from daughter Mercy (by Merlin) went to Australia and included the Melbourne Cup winner Dark Felt (1937) and three Victoria Oaks winners. The branch extending from daughter Moorhen was a successful tail-female line in Poland.

Sickle dkbr.c. 1924
(Phalaris - Selene)
Ran in top company in England, winning at 2 but only placing at 3, in the U.S. he was Leading Sire in 1936 and 1938, with many stakes-winning offspring and good daughters, including Be Like Mom, Cravat, Reaping Reward, The Squaw II, Unbreakable (sire of Polynesian), Stagehand.

Silverlocks d.f. 1725
(Bald Galloway - mare by Acaster Turk)
A sister to Roxanna, bred in Yorkshire by Christopher Ayscough and purchased by Edward Coke; listed as chestnut in the General Stud Book, but as dun (presumably buckskin, since geneticists claim thoroughbreds do not carry the dun gene) in the Godolphin stud book. She ran for three years, ages six to eight, at Newmarket, winning a 200 guineas match against Smuggler and a four mile match against Daffodil, who had beaten her earlier in the same season (1831); she received a forfeit and a compromise in her two matches in 1832, and in 1833 won a four mile match against Diana, her last race. Sold to the Earl of Godolphin, she produced eight foals between 1734 and 1742, producing "dun" foals to the cover of three different stallions. Of her youngsters, her her 1740 colt, Silvertail, was a good runner, and her last colt, the dun Buffcoat, was a good racehorse and sire of racehorses, and an 1838 unnamed daughter was the dam of the winning racehorse and sire, the dun Brilliant.

Sir Tristam b.c. 1971
(Sir Ivor - Isolt)
Ran from ages 2 to 5 in France and America, winning twice. Exported to New Zealand, he became leading sire once in New Zealand, and six times in Australia. Many successful offspring, primarily in Oz, the most notable probably Zabeel. Also sired Tristanagh, Grosvenor, Marauding, Sovereign Red.

Sorcerer bl.c. 1796
(Trumpator - Young Giantess)
Ran between the ages of 3 and 5, winning a number of matches, sweepstakes and plates over 2 to 6 miles. Sired a number of classic winners, including Morel, Maid of Orleans, Wizard, Soothsayer, Smolensko and others.

Tenerani b.c. 1944
(Bellini - Tofanella)
Winner of 17 out of his 22 races, including the Derby Italiano and the Queen Elizabeth Stakes, he retired sound. His most famous son was Ribot, but he also sired dual Gold Cup winner Fighting Charlie, Bonnard, Tissot, Tender Annie and Latin Artist.

Tokamura ch.f. 1940
(Navarro - Tofanella)
From the excellent racemare and producer Tofanella (also dam of Tenerani and Trevisana), she was likewise tops in both arenas. Ran 22 races, ages 2 to 4, top wins included the Premio Elena, Premio Principe Amedeo, Italian St. Leger, Premio Duca d'Aosta (3600 meters), narrowly losing the Premio del Jockey Club. At stud she produced 11 winners, among them Toulouse Lautrec (see below), Theodorica (Champion 3 year old), Tommaso Guidi (Italian St. Leger, sire in U.S.), the unbeaten Terenzia.

Toulouse Lautrec ch.c. 1950
(Dante - Tokamura)
Won 7 of his 10 races at 2 and 3, including the Gran Premio d' Italia, damaged tendons halted his career. Leading Sire in Italy in 1959. Imported into California by Rex Ellsworth. Sire of Utrillo II, Feria II, Marguerite Vernaut, Proteo.

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