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  Family 7: D'Arcy's Blacklegs Royal Mare

The GSB entry for this mare reads as follows: "Lord Darcy's Blacklegged Royal Mare, probably a daughter of one of the Royal Mares at Hampton Court, and removed to Sedbury, near Richmond [Yorkshire], on the death of Queen Anne [in 1714]." Two fillies are shown as her only produce, one by King William's Barb-without-a-Tongue and one by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, both owned by James D'Arcy (the younger), later Lord Navan.

Evidence found in the papers of the John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, and published in 1924 by C. M. Prior [Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse] corrects this entry. First, she was more correctly known as the Royal Mare "Blacklegs," named for her sire, the Duke of Rutland's Blacklegs (pedigree unknown), and not because she was black-legged. Second, she was a daughter of a Royal Mare, specifically the one commonly referred to as "Darcy's Oldest Royal Mare", foaled prior to 1700, who was a descendant of the mare Grey Royal, given to D'Arcy's grandfather, Lord Conyers (at Hornby Castle, Yorkshire), in 1620. Therefore, it is unlikely she or her female ancestors for several generations were ever at Hampton Court. Third, the two fillies listed as her produce are in all likelihood actually the foals of her daughter, known as Darcy's Sorrill Royal Mare, believed to have been foaled about 1703 and sired by Wastell's Turk. The Newcastle papers actually list a third filly out of this mare, by the Pagett Arabian, foaled in 1712.

According to the Newcastle papers, the (D'Arcy) Royal Mare, Blacklegs, had the filly, Darcy's Sorrill Royal Mare, by Wastell's Turk, in 1703. This filly was purchased from Lord D'Arcy by his son-in-law William Jessop, and given to the Duke of Newcastle about 1707. Jessop, a Welsh judge, was a legal advisor to the Duke. She is noted to have been a "great Favourite" and held in high esteem. Her first foal for the Duke at Welbeck was a bay filly by the Duke's Pagett Arabian, foaled in 1708, which James D'Arcy offered to purchase on several occasions, without success.
Miss Slamerkin
Miss Slamerkin and her foal Othello
The stud at Welbeck was dispersed in 1717, following the death of the Duchess of Newcastle, Lady Margaret Cavendish, whose husband, John Holles, had preceded her in death in 1711. It's possible that the Sorrill Royal Mare was obtained by their son-in-law, Edward Lord Harley, who became the Earl of Oxford, and owned the stallion known as Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, sire of one of the fillies listed in the GSB as a daughter of the Blacklegged Royal Mare. This is the branch through which the family proliferated, via her daughter, Miss Slamerkin, dam of a large brood featuring three good colts by Crab, Bustard, Black and All Black (a.k.a. Othello), and Oroonoko, and their sisters and half-sisters.

It has been speculated that the true founder of Family 7, Darcy's Oldest Royal Mare (the dam of Blacklegs, the Royal Mare), is also the same tail female ancestress as families #11 (the Sedbury Royal Mare, dam of the Pet Mare) and #13 (Royal Mare, granddam of Grey Royal).

Royal Mare Blacklegs' Known Produce:

Darcy Sorrill Royal Mare (1703) by Wastell's Turk. Dam of
  f. 1708 by Pagett Arabian. [Probably dam of]
     f. by King William's Barb-without-a-Tongue. Dam of
       f. by Bald Galloway

  f. 1712 by Pagett Arabian

  f. by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian (c. 1717) at Welbeck. Dam of
     Miss Slamerkin (f.1729) by Young True Blue. Dam of
       f. by Firetail
       Bustard (c.1741) by Crab
       Black and All Black a.k.a. Othello (c.1743) by Crab
       Oroonoko (c.1745) by Crab
       Duchess (f.1748) by Whitenose
       Sister to Black and All Black (f. 1749) by Crab
       Sister to Black and All Black (f.1750) by Crab


Family #7 Oaks Winners

Feu du JoieRockfel
Feu du Joie Rockfel

1787 ANNETTE b.f. 1784
(Eclipse - Virago)

1862 FEU DU JOIE ch.f. 1859
(Longbow - Jeu d'Esprit)

1938 ROCKFEL b.f. 1935
(Felstead - Rockliffe)

1946 STEADY AIM b.f. 1943
(Felstead - Quick Arrow)

1968 LA LAGUNE b.f. 1965
(Val de Loir - Landerinette)

Family #7 Derby Winners

Saltram Mundig
CotherstoneWild Dayrell
Cotherstone Wild Dayrell
Donovan Persimmon

1783 SALTRAM br.c. 1780
(Eclipse - Virago)

1803 DITTO b.c. 1800
(Sir Peter Teazle - Arethusa)

1808 PAN ch.c. 1805
(St. George - Arethusa)

1821 GUSTAVUS gr.c. 1818
(Election - Lady Grey)

1835 MUNDIG ch.c. 1832
(Catton - Emma)

1843 COTHERSTONE b.c. 1840
(Touchstone - Emma)

1853 WEST AUSTRALIAN b.c. 1850
(Melbourne - Mowerina)

1855 WILD DAYRELL br.c. 1852
(Ion - Ellen Middleton)

1889 DONOVAN b.c. 1886
(Galopin - Mowerina)

1896 PERSIMMON b.c. 1893
(St. Simon - Perdita II)

1899 FLYING FOX b.c. 1896
(Orme - Vampire)

1942 WATLING STREET b.c. 1939
(Fairway - Ranai)

1948 MY LOVE b.c. 1945
(Vatellor - For My Love)

2003 KRIS KIN ch.c. 2000
(Kris S. - Angel in My Heart)

Family #7 St. Leger Winners

Beningbrough Hambletonian
>West AustralianDiamond Jubilee
West Australian Diamond Jubilee

1794 BENINGBROUGH b.c. 1791
(King Fergus - daughter of Herod)

1795 HAMBLETONIAN b.c. 1792
(King Fergus - Grey Highflyer)

1853 WEST AUSTRALIAN b.c. 1850
(Melbourne - Mowerina)

1889 DONOVAN b.c. 1886
(Galopin - Mowerina)

1896 PERSIMMON b.c. 1893
(St. Simon - Perdita II)

1898 WILDFOWLER ch.c. 1895
(Gallinule - Tragedy)

1899 FLYING FOX b.c. 1896
(Orme - Vampire)

1900 DIAMOND JUBILEE b.c. 1897
(St. Simon - Perdita II)

1920 CALIGULA gr.c. 1917
(The Tetrarch - Snoot)

Family #7 Other Notable Family Members

American Flag
American Flag
Courtesy Dell Hancock
Claiborne Farm
Florizel II
Florizel II
Flying Fox
Flying Fox
>Gibside Fairy
Gibside Fairy
Perdita II
Perdita II
Tobin Bronze
Tobin Bronze

American Flag ch.c. 1922
(Man O' War - Lady Comfey)
Unbeaten 3 year old won the Bayside Handicap, the Withers and Belmont Stakes, the Dwyer Stakes and was voted best of his generation for that year. In all won 8 of 18 races. Stood with his sire at Faraway Farm, siring 16 stakes winners from 183 foals, including Nellie Flag, My Flag, Gusto, Lady Glory (second dam of Raise a Native).

Coaltown b.c. 1945
(Bull Lea - Easy Lass)
Very fast stablemate to Calumet farm's Citation, won 23 (6 times second) of his 39 starts to age 6, including most major handicaps in America, and was champion handicap horse in 1949, carrying the heaviest weight and equaling or beating world records in several races. Proved a poor sire, both in the U.S. and France.

Danzig b.c. 1977
(Northern Dancer - Pas de Nom)
Won 3 races at 2 and 3 without a stakes victory, and has gone on to international success as a sire, with such offspring as Chief's Crown, Danehill, Danzig Connection, Dayjur, Pine Bluff, Polish Navy, and many more.

Duchess b.f. 1748
(Whitenose - Miss Slamerkin)
Bred by Thomas Panton at Newmarket, and sold to William Fenwick, Duchess was an exceptionally good racehorse. Her wins included the subscription purse at Hambleton, the Great Subscription Purse at York, King's Plates at Hambleton, Newmarket, Nottingham, York, and various other races and matches, beating some of the best colts of her day. Retired to the breeding shed, she produced some excellent runners, including Le Sang, Dux, Chymist, and Playfellow, and a daughter, Pyrrha (1771, by Matchem), through whom this family descends to the present.

Emma ch.f. 1824
(Whisker - Gibside Fairy)
Won 3 of her 4 races at 2 (placing second in the fourth race), and ran second in several stakes races at 3, but unplaced in the St. Leger. Retired to Streatlam Stud, she bred a succession of top horses including Derby winners Mundig and Cotherstone and Mowerina (1843), the dam of the first Triple Crown winner, West Australian.

Florizel II br.c. 1891
(St. Simon - Perdita II)
Good stayer and genuine winner of the Manchester Cup, the Prince of Wales's Stakes, Ascot's St. James Palace Stakes, the Ascot Gold Vase and the Goodwood Cup, among others, he went on to sire such horses as Doricles, Gemma, Goldscleugh, Volodyovski.

Flying Fox b.c. 1896
(Orme - Vampire)
Another English Triple Crown winner in this family, he also won Sandown's Eclipse Stakes, the Newmarket Jockey Club Stakes. Increasingly temperamental, he was retired to stud at the end of his second season. Offspring included such horses as Ajax, Val D'Or, Madree, Reine de Naples, Jardy, Gouvernant, Dagor.

Gibside Fairy dk.b.f. 1811
(Hermes - Vicissitude)
Ran once at 2, winning a race for that age group at Catterick Bridge. In the stud she foaled Emma (see) and Maria, both of whom established their own branches of this family.

Ladysman ch.c. 1930
(Pompey - Lady Belle)
Top of his generation at 2, he won 8 of his 22 starts, winning the Arlington Futurity, the United States Hotel Stakes and the Hopeful Stakes at Saratoga, among others; at 4 he triumphed over a top field in the Suburban Handicap. His first crop of foals included Arlington Futurity winner Swain.

Lando b.c. 1990
(Acatenango - Laurea)
His 4 wins from 9 starts at 2 and 3 included the Deutches Derby, the Grosser Preis von Baden-Baden, the Gran Prix di Milano and the Japan Cup.

Le Levanstell b.c. 1957
(Le Lavandou - Stella's Sister)
Winner of 6 of his 19 races between the ages of 2 and 4, including the Woodbine Stakes, the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, he sired 30 stakes winners from 341 foals, including the great stayers Le Moss and Levmoss.

Mieuxce b.c. 1933
(Massine - L'Olivete)
A high-strung horse of stamina and speed, he won the Gran Prix de Paris and the Prix du Jockey Club among 3 other wins of 9 starts at 2 and 3, his career terminated by injury during training. Top broodmare sire, his daughters produced such horses as Combat, Medway, Commotion, Rally, Crepello, Honeylight and Reel In.

Mowerina ch.f. 1876
(Scottish Chief - Stockings)
There are two good mares named Mowerina in this family, the first a bay filly by Touchstone (from Emma), who produced English Triple Crown winner West Australian. The one pictured here was a good race filly, running from ages 2 to 6 and winning 16 of her 37 races, including the Curzon Stakes, the Houghton Handicap, and Liverpool's Molyneux Cup. Dam of classic winners Donovan and Semolina and good race horses Modwena and Raeburn.

Perdita II b.f. 1881
(Hampton -Hermione)
Good race mare, winner of the Great Cheshire Handicap twice, the Ayr Gold Cup and the Chesterfield Nursery Handicap, among others, between the ages of 2 and 5. In the stud became a top broodmare, dam of classic winners Diamond Jubilee and Persimmon, and the excellent stayer Florizel II.

Polymelian ch.c. 1914
(Polymelus - Pasquita)
Served a season at stud at 3 prior to racing at 4, a speedy weight-carrier and champion at moderate distances, was called one of the "most bloodlike and beautiful horses in the world." Sired 20 stakes winners from 268 foals with Caruso, Black Polly (dam of Polynesian) and Maibird among his best.

Rockefella br.c. 1941
(Hyperion - Rockfel)
Won the Sefton Park Stakes and the Amesbury Stakes and some plate races at 2 and 3; his importance was in the stud, producing winners of over 500 races, among them Linacre, Rockavon, Rose Coral, Bounteous and China Rock.

Rodosto chc. 1930
(Epinard - Ramondie)
Won the 2,000 Guineas, the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, the Prix des Sablons, and six other stakes races, ages 2 to 4. Sired Douce France (dam of top U.S. handicapper Cyrano), top sprinter Dogat, and the good producer Luciebella, among others.

Rose O'Lynn b.f. 1944
(Pherozshah - Rocklyn)
At 15.1 hands, she was a decent race filly, winning 3 of her 6 starts at 2. Bred to different stallions, she produced 7 winners, including unbeaten 2 year old Buisson Ardent; Buisson D'Or, winner of Longchamp's Prix Daru and Prix Royal Oak; Al Mabsoot, winner of the Prix Lupin; Venture VII, winner of 4 out of 5 starts at 2, including the Imperial Produce Stakes, and 2 of 6 races at 3, including the St. James' Palace Stakes.

Sicambre br.c. 1948
(Prince Bio - Sif)
A large-striding, good-tempered colt, unbeaten at 3, his wins included the Prix du Jockey Club and the Grand Prix de Paris. A stallion of wide influence, leading sire in France in 1966 and leading sire of broodmares three times in the 1970s. Damsire of such horses as Sea Bird and La Lagune, his offspring included Phaeton, Roi Dagobert, Sicarelle, Celtic Ash, Hermieres, Cambremont, Diatome, Shantung, Ambergris.

Snoot b.f. 1906
(Perigord - N.R.A.)
A small filly and, later, a small mare (14.3 hands), she ran eight times, placing second once in a selling plate at Newbury. For her breeder, J.J. Maher, she produced good-selling yearlings, among them Baldoyle Derby and Irish Oaks winner Snow Maiden (1916, by The Tetrarch), later a producer for Maher; Snow Maiden's brother, Ascot Derby and Doncaster St. Leger winner Caligula; Lady Comfey, sent to America, where she became the dam of Belmont Stakes winner American Flag and ancestress of Jim French; and Eagle Snipe, a minor winner who was dam of stakes winner Le Phare, later a sire, and Turtle Soup, a fair winner and second dam of two Irish classic winners and French Derby winner Sandjar.

Tobin Bronze ch.c. 1962
(Arctic Explorer - Amarco)
Long-running tough winner of 24 races (and placing 11 times) from 44 starts in Australia, including the VRC Victoria Derby, the Caulfield Cup, the AJC Doncaster Handicap. Sent to the U.S., he won 4 of his 16 starts. Sired 9 stakes winners from 136 foals, with offspring such as Bronze Point (dam of Air Forbes Won), Magnificent Don and Noble Bronze.

Wisdom b.c. 1873
(Blinkhoolie - Aline)
Only achieved second placings in the Epsom Cup, the Craven Stakes and Ascot's New Stakes in 12 races, but became an important sire in England. His offspring included Bruyere, Decree Nisi, Gravity, Tact, Sempronius, Love Wisely, Sir Hugo, Surefoot, La Sagesse.

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