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Bay Colt, 1841.
By Touchstone - Vulture by Langar

Darley Arabian Sire line: Camel Branch.
Family 13 - a.

Touchstone His sire, Touchstone
Orlando was a mid-19th century stallion who led the sire's list in England three times. His life was representative of thoroughbred breeding and racing of the time. His Derby was marred by scandal, and a number of his offspring raced for one of the most notorious betting rings in English history. He was a fast runner, and his progeny, most of which were speedy juveniles, were representative of the continuing transition from long distance challenges to shorter races in which speed was favored. He was one of the first, and the most important, stallions who stood at the newly-renovated and refurbished Hampton Court Stud, at the beginning of a new era of thoroughbred breeding by the royal family.

Orlando was bred by Colonel (later General, Secretary of State for War in Lord Derby's ministry, 1858) Jonathan Peel, an MP for over 40 decades and the younger brother of Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel. In 1826 Peel had purchased the great 18th century Marble Hill Palladian villa and estate at Twickenham, Middlesex, that had been built by Henrietta Howard, later Countess of Suffolk and a one-time mistress of the Prince of Wales (later George II). Peel used the property as a stud, and built a new set of stables there that are still extant.

The Colonel had had some success on the turf with Slane, a good stayer whose wins included Newmarket's two mile Dinner Stakes, Ascot's 1-1/2 mile Swinley Stakes, the 2-1/4 mile Somerset Stakes at Bath, and other distance races, and with the Langar son Mr. Wags. Peel stood Slane at stud at Hampton Court Paddocks, and Slane was leading sire in England in 1845.

Orlando's dam, the chestnut Vulture, was by Langar, a winner of fifteen races. Langar's best sons were St Leger winner Elis (1833) and Epirus (1834) who was a leading sire in England in 1850, and Mr. Wags, a leading sire at least twice in France. Vulture's dam, Kite, by Buzzard, was also the dam of the Champagne Stakes winner, Lancaster Witch, and of Lady Moore Carew. Lady Moore Carew produced Woodcote Stakes winner Gipsy Queen and One Thousand Guineas and Oaks winner Mendicant (also by Touchstone); the latter was later the dam of Derby winner Beadsman.

His dam, Vulture
Vulture was described as a speedy, non-staying (sometimes called "soft") mare (although she did run in Elis' St. Leger) who ran for her breeder, Mr. Allanson, and Orlando's speed, which he consistently passed on to his own offspring, was credited to her, described as one of the fastest mares ever to race at Newmarket. Peel purchased Vulture after her unsuccessful St. Leger run. She was first bred to Slane, and in 1840 produced a chestnut colt, The Scavenger. She was then sent to the great stayer Touchstone, whose four-time placing at the head of the leading sire's list would begin in 1842, the year after Vulture dropped his son, Orlando, no doubt named after the hero in Shakespeare's play, As You Like It, in reference to his sire's name. Soon after Orlando was weaned, Vulture was kicked, and apparently damaged sufficiently to be put down.

Orlando was generally agreed to be an exceptionally handsome animal by contemporary turf writers. The Druid, who saw him in his old age said, "We could never tire of looking at him, as he stood at ease in his box, resting his near hind foot, and showing the rich folds of that beautiful muscular neck, as he turned his high-bred forehead round, and looked with that fine, but now dim, eye at his visitors." He was desribed as low-withered, and "too wide" in the chest, and "there was little fault to be found with his shoulders, save that they were a trifle too upright," which may have accounted for his action, which was described as "very straight from the forelegs."

Orlando on the Turf

Orlando's debut in the turf was a bit of a joke, a presage, perhaps, of the much more serious issue that clouded his Derby. He was entered in a Produce Stakes at Ascot, and during the walk to the post Nat Flatman, Orlando's jockey, suggested to another jockey, Sam Rogers that they hedge their ride; this was overheard by John Day, Jr., on a little filly later named Wetnurse; when he said he'd also participate, Flatman said to Day: "your pigmy of a pony has no chance." When the starter sent them out, all six jockeys stood at the post, "...and looked at the others." The starter, in disgust, said "Mind, I've started you," and then walked off. They then proceded to walk their young mounts for over two hundred yards; the anxious, young John Day finally broke into a slow canter, after some taunting from another jockey, Jem Robinson. Then he gave her "a taste of the spur and stole fifty yards in a twinkling." The rest of the field took up the race, although Orlando was rattled by Flatman's haste, and the little filly beat Orlando by a head, with the rest of the field behind.

Orlando's next race was Newmarket's July Stakes, in which he beat six other youngsters by a length. The next day he easily won a 200 sovereign match against the filly Retainer by two lengths, giving her 3 pounds. At Goodwood he won the Ham Stakes, with Wetnurse second, and six others in the field. He then won a sweep, also at Goodwood, his last race of the season. In the latter he beat two others, one of which was the ill-fated Leander, who was bumped in the Derby the next year, breaking his leg; later it was proven Leander was a year older than claimed, so in this Goodwood race Orlando beat a three-year-old.

He started at age three by winning the Riddlesworth Stakes at Newmarket, beating two others, and at the same meeting won a sweep worth 300 sovereigns, and then took a walk-over for another sweep worth 200 sovereigns.

Next was the Derby at Epsom, with a field of 29. The race was won by 3/4 of a length by a colt called Running Rein. Orlando was second, and Ionian (by Ion), also owned by Peel, was third. Running Rein, by the Saddler, had been bred by a Malton chemist, Mr. Cobb, and was sold as a foal to a gambler, Abraham Goodman Levy who later sold him to a Mr. Wood; however, it was not Running Rein, but a four year old colt by Gladiator, Maccabeus, who ran in Running Rein's name, as he had the year before in a juvenile race he had won. At that time The Duke of Rutland, owner of the horse that ran second, and Lord George Bentinck had objected, suspicious of the colt's appearance, but the steward's inquiry was dropped when Cobb's stable lad swore the colt was, in fact Running Rein. Even before the Derby running, Bentinck had gathered sufficient evidence, supported by John Bowes and trainer John Scott, to ask the Epsom stewards to investigate the horse's age and identity, but the stewards decided an inquiry would be opened only if Running Rein won. Which he did. The inquiry was delayed until the owner, Mr. Wood, could be found, and eventually the Jockey Club stood back to await the legal settlement of the case, Wood v. Peel in the Court of Exchequer. Bentinck presented his evidence, but the judge required that the horse be presented for a vereterinary examination; Running Rein had long since disappeared, and Wood withdrew from the case, leaving Orlando with the win and stakes. Also in this Derby, the four-year-old Leander (as it was later proven) ran, was struck in the leg (breaking it) by none other than "Running Rein," and had to be shot.

The whole notorious episode was a very public example of the chicanery and scandal surrounding the turf at the time, where owners set guards on their animals to prevent nobbling, barely paid stable lads could be purchased to poison their charges, jockeys were paid to pull their mounts or did so when placing bets on opponents, and where vast sums of money changed hands in betting. As the non-sporting judge in the Running Rein case said to Bentinck and Peel: "If gentlemen condescend to race with blackguards, they must condescend to expect to be cheated."

Orlando concluded his second season by taking a walk-over for the Dinner Stakes at Ascot, and receiving a forfeit from Ionian (by Jereed) in a scheduled match there. He did not run in 1845. In 1846, age five, he was entered in the Emperor of Russia's Plate (Ascot Gold Cup), but he threw his jockey, Jem Robinson, broke his bridle and went running off before it began. He was caught and re-mounted, but had apparently injured himself, and came in lame and unplaced, his last race.

Orlando in the Stud

Orlando was a stallion for Peel until August, 1851, when, at his stud's dispersal sale, Orlando was purchased by Charles Greville., whose horses generally kept him (comparatively) poor. Some of Peel's broodmares, such as Hersey (dam of two of Orlando's good producing daughters), were bought at the dispersal by representatives of the Royal Stud, which was undergoing a resurgence, beginning in 1849, at the direction of the Prince-Consort, Albert.

Greville had had two classic winners with the full siblings One Thousand Guineas winner Preserve and St. Leger winner Mango, both in the 1830s, and in the 1840s won the Emperor's Gold Cup (substitute Ascot Gold Cup) with his good runner Alarm, who later spent some time as a stallion at Hampton Court. Greville was a long-time fixture on the turf, serving as racing manager for Frederick, the Duke of York, and was a racing confederate at various times of Lord Chesterfield, his cousin, Lord George Bentinck, and George Payne. Greville and Peel had leased paddocks at Bushey Park, next to Hampton Court Stud, after the huge dispersal of Royal (race)horses in the fall of 1837, and there they kept some mares and stallions, including Slane, in aging facilities no longer maintained to Royal standard. Bushey Park had been the dower-house for Queen Adelaide, and it wasn't until her death in 1849 that the property was again under the control of the crown proper. Starting in 1849 repairs began on the "hovels" and paddocks at Bushey Park and Hampton Court, which over the course of the next five years or so, were replenished with well-bred throughbred mares. Orlando, an occupant of Hampton Court Stud, was well-used by the Queen's stud managers, and had the benefit of receiving mares of exemplary pedigree and, in some cases, performance, at the goodly sum of £75. His first Royal-bred foals were born there in 1851. Orlando spent the remainder of his life at Hampton Court, dying there in 1868.

Orlando was an extremely popular sire, and was well-supported by well-bred mares at the Hampton Court Royal Stud and from the studs of the well-heeled sportsmen who had access to him. He was leading sire in England three times, in 1851, 1854, and 1858, and second or third seven times between 1853 and 1861. He got 352 youngsters that won 797 races, owing his high placings primarily to his many fast juveniles and early-peaking three-year-olds. He was an undeniable source of speed: he got four winners of the July Stakes and three of Ascot's New Stakes, but none of his two-year-olds ever won the mile-long (until 1870) Champagne Stakes at Doncaster. He got three Royal Hunt Cup winners, and others that did well at a mile and under, but, with the exception of Teddington, Cantine, Imperieuse, and a few others, no stayers.

He had four classic winning sons: TEDDINGTON, who won the Derby and was his only truly staying son, beating Stockwell in the Emperor of Russia's Cup (Ascot Gold Cup) while carrying more weight. However, when Orlando's fast daughters -- and sons -- were crossed with horses of stout pedigrees, many of his grandchilden had both speed and staying power. In addition to Teddington, Orlando got three Two Thousand Guineas winners: FAZZOLETTO, DIOPHANTUS and FITZ-ROLAND. His one classic-winning daughter was IMPERIEUSE, winner of the One Thousand Guineas and St. Leger.

It was not his classic winning sons that continued his line. That was left to the modest runner MARSYAS, to TRUMPETER, who was injured early in his career, and to another son who was injured early, CHATTANOOGA, all of which sent the line forward in England and Europe through the end of 19th century. And it was his good, but not great, fast son ECLIPSE, sold to the U.S., who brought the line forward to the present, through his very fast son Alarm, and Alarm's son, Himyar, the sire of the great Domino and of Plaudit.

Orlando's daughters also did well on the turf, and were good broodmares with many good runners and sire sons to their credit. Not generally noted, Orlando also had an impact on steeplechasing. He was grandsire of four winners of the Grand National Steeplechase at Aintree, great-grandsire of four more, and great-great grandsire of another four. His great-grandson Hackler was a perennial leading sire of steeplechasers, and rates among the top sires of jumpers in the history of the breed. Orlando's grandson, Xenophon, was also a good sire of jumpers in Ireland, getting Grand National winner Seaman, the famous half-bred Irish runner and sire, May Boy; and the 1888 Grand Steeplechase de Paris winner Parasang (bred in Ireland).

TEDDINGTON (1848) was Orlando's first classic winner. He was out of Peel's Miss Twickenham, by Rockingham, and was purchased as a yearling by Sir Joseph Hawley, who had a home at Leybourne Grange, Kent, and a small stable at Fyfield in Wiltshire, where he had a private trainer, Alec Taylor. Hawley had his first classic winner in Oaks winner Miami in 1847, and in 1851 he won the One Thousand Guineas with Aphrodite, who later ran second in the St. Leger. Hawley's long-time friend, J. Massey Stanley, had a part interest in Teddington.

TEDDINGTON was a small chestnut horse, very much "on the leg," with a clubby front foot that was kept in check by careful shoeing. He had a powerful hind end that served him well on uphill runs. One turf observer described him as "a little polo pony."

At age two he was unplaced in his first race, a sweep for two year olds at Newmarket Second Spring. At Epsom, he ran third to Marlborough Buck and Buckhound in the Woodcote Stakes. Then, at Newmarket July, he won the Chesterfield Stakes, beating Orlando son ARIOSTO and seven others. At Goodwood he was third and last in the Eglinton Stakes to a filly and Buckhound. He finished his season by beating Hippolytus, the only other runner, in the Molecomb Stakes at Goodwood.

His warm-up for the Derby was a £700 sweep at Newmarket Craven, which he won. He went on to Epsom, despite having an infected foreleg from skinning his shin, and even though he picked at his food prior to the race, he went on to win the Derby by two lengths, with his jockey having to spur him only once, beating a field that included Marlborough Buck, Neasham (later winner of the Northumberland Plate), Hernandez (Two Thousand Guineas winner), Hungerford (later winner of the Great Yorkshire Handicaps in two successive years), and other good horses in a field that totalled thirty-three, the largest to that date. He followed his Derby win with a walk-over for the Don Stakes at Doncaster -- he did not run in the St. Leger -- and then at Newmarket Second October he beat Mountain Deer by half a length in a match for 1,000 sovereigns.

The next season TEDDINGTON ran unplaced in the Northamptonshire Stakes, won by Poodle. Taken to Newmarket Craven, he ran third in the Newmarket Handicap, won by Father Thames, and at Goodwood ran third again, in the Cup, won by Kingston. Also at Goodwood, he took a walk-over for 200 sovereigns. He ended his season by winning the Warwick Cup, carrying the heaviest weight, and beating three others, and the Doncaster Cup, beating Kingston and six others.

In 1853 he started the season by winning the Emperor of Russia's Plate (Ascot Gold Cup), beating Stockwell (to whom he gave 9 pounds), Kingston, and several other good horses. In October he was sent to Newmarket to contest the Cesarewitch, won by Haco, in which he did not place, having been loaded with a crushing weight of 9 st. 7 lbs. Hawley challenged for The Whip, to be held over the Beacon Course, but Teddington was beaten by Kingston. After this TEDDINGTON was retired to stud.

He was a moderately successful sire. He got a classic winner in One Thousand Guineas winner Mayonnaise (1856), and his daughter Marigold came close, running second to Queen Bertha in the Oaks of 1863. Mayonnaise was sold to France and became the dam of Dalnamine, who won at Stockbridge, and second dam of Bruce, a good runner in France, and dam of Carine, who produced good runners in France. Marigold was later the dam of Doncaster, winner of the Derby, Goodwood Cup and Ascot Gold Cup and later sire of Derby winner and influential sire Bend Or.

His other good runners included Moulsey, a brilliant miler and useful sire, Royal Hunt Cup winner Shillelagh, and the filly Viatka, winner of Newmarket's Nursery Stakes and the Stockbridge Biennial and second to Butterfly in the Oaks of 1860. Another daughter, unnamed, was the dam of Blue Bonnet (1862, Family 9 - c), from whom a number of stakes winners descended, including the great producer Swan Ann (1971), dam of three good winners in England. Another daughter, Tight-fit (1856) is seen in the tail-female chart of Family 13 - d, ancestress of 1962 Oaks winner Monade and her successful offspring. TEDDINGTON also has the distinction of getting two full sisters, Emblem and Emblematic, both of which won the Grand National Steeplechase at Aintree. In 1857 Teddington stood at Dean's Hill, Stafford, for 20 guineas, and the following year was at Easby Abbey, near Richmond, Yorkshire. TEDDINGTON was later sold as a stallion to the Hungarian National Stud at Kisber.

FAZZOLETTO (1853), a horse with large bone and a big frame, bred and raced by the (14th) Earl of Derby, was out Canezou, the great racing daughter of Melbourne. He debuted in the Two Thousand Guineas, which he won by a half length, beating the perennial second-placer Yellow Jack. He went on to the Derby as top favorite, but could only place fourth in the race, won by The Flying Dutchman son Ellington, with Yellow Jack again second. In July he won Goodwood's Gratwicke Stakes, and at York August meeting he won the Great Yorkshire Stakes. At age four he ran twice, winning both Newmarket's Port Stakes and a sweepstakes at Goodwood in July.

FAZZOLETTO was then retired to a largely unsuccessful stud career. His best runner was the gelded Ackworth, who, for the Marquis of Hastings, won the Doncaster Cup in 1861, the Cambridgeshire Stakes Handicap of 1864, and some other good races. He also got Blue Riband, who won Liverpool's Great Lancashire Stakes and was second in York's North of England Biennial in 1865. Another son, King Victor, got Vae Victus, who was the dam of the great steeplechaser, Manifesto (1888), winner of the Grand National Steeplechase at Aintree twice. Fazzoletto was exported to Prussia (Germany) in 1863.

FITZROLAND (1855), out of the Emilius daughter, Stamp, and was bred at Hampton Court Stud. He was purchased at the stud's annual yearling sale by Teddington's owner, Sir Joseph Hawley, who shortly thereafter bought a stable at Cannon Heath in Hampshire, hiring George Manning as his private trainer. FitzRoland ran once as a juvenile, placing an ignominous sixth in the Woodcote Stakes. He next appeared in the Two Thousand Guineas, which he won by 1-1/2 lengths, beating The Promised Land into second and besting twelve other horses. He was entered in the Derby, but Hawley put his best jockey, "Tiny" Wells, on his other Derby entry, Beadsman, who had shown to be greatly superior in trials to FitzRoland: Beadsman won the Derby, with FitzRoland fifth. Ratcheted back to a mile, FitzRoland won the St. James' Palace Stakes (1 mile) and followed that by winning the eight furlong Stockbridge Derby. He ran once more, at age five, unplaced in the Stand Plate at Ascot.

He was briefly a stallion at Hampton Court, and then at Leyburn Grange, Kent, where he was soon overshadowed by Beadsman upon his retirement. He got Miss Roland, the dam of Craig Millar (by Blair Athol), who won the St. Leger in 1875, and the Doncaster Cup in 1876, and four other races. Craig Millar was later shipped off to stud duty in Hungary. Another daughter, Jocosa (1868), a half sister to Rosicrucian, Chaplet, The Palmer, et.al., produced daughters that bred on, including Sabella (1877, by Blair Athol), who won the Woodcote Stakes.

DIOPHANTUS (1858) was out of the Emilius daughter, Equation, a sister to Euclid, who had won the St. James' Palace Stakes, the Grand Duke Michael Stakes, Newmarket's Claret Stakes and other races, to Theon, and to One Thousand Guineas winner Extempore. Euclid would later sire Eulogy, who was the dam of Orlando's classic winning daughter, IMPERIEUSE and her good running sister IMPERATRICE. DIOPHANTUS was bred at Hampton Court and purchased as a yearling and raced by George Harry Grey, the (7th) Earl of Stamford, who lived at Dunham Massey, Cheshire and had a large stud from which he sent out numerous runners.

DIOPHANTUS, like most Orlando offspring, was a good juvenile runner, winner of Ascot's Biennial by four lengths, beating thirteen other youngsters; Stockbridge's Mottisfont Stakes, beating seven youngsters; and Goodwood's Molecomb Stakes. He did not place in the Chesterfield Stakes at Newmarket, nor Newmarket's Prendergast Stakes.

At age three he started out by winning the Two Thousand Guineas in record time, beating the future Derby winner Kettledrum by three lengths, and fourteen others, taking the lead early and never headed after. In the Derby, however, he ran third, and was again third at Ascot in the Ascot Biennial. At Newmarket in July he won the Midsummer Stakes, beating two others in a canter by three lengths. He went to Goodwood, where he took a walkover for the Post Stakes, worth 300 sovereigns, and then was retired to stud. His daughters produced some winners, and Aurifera (1865) was tail-female ancestress of good winners in Australasia at the turn of the 20th century.

(Morris') Eclipse
ECLIPSE (1855, out of the unraced Gaze, by Bay Middleton) was the Orlando son who brilliantly continued the line, in America. He was bred by Charles Greville and sold as a yearling to Henry Padwick, a money lender and owner, part of the Danebury Confederacy of bookmakers/moneylenders/owners/trainers whose unscrupulous racing practices were notorious in the 1840s-'50s. "A striking beauty" of bright bay color, 16 hands tall, and another fast juvenile, Eclipse won the Clearwell Stakes, but failed to place in Doncaster's Champagne Stakes. At age three he won the Third Sale Stakes at Newmarket, and the first Biennial Stakes at Ascot, and then dead-heated with Beadsman in the 10 furlong Newmarket Stakes, and following that, received a forfeit from Beadsman. He started second favorite for the Derby, but ran fourth to Beadsman, in a field of 23. In the Doncaster St. Leger he ran sixth.

American Richard Ten Broeck purchased ECLIPSE after the St. Leger. He ran once more that year, in the Cambridgeshire, won by Eurydice (carrying 77 lbs to his 105 lbs), where he did not place. Eclipse was left in England the following year, but he failed to stand up to training, and did not race. In July of 1859 he and the good race mare Barbarity, which Ten Broeck had purchased, shipped for the U.S., arriving in New York in August. He began his stud career at the Fashion Course on Long Island in New York, spent two seasons in Kentucky, and in 1864 stood at Adolph Mailliard's Bordentown, New Jersey stud at a fee of $75. Some time around 1864-65 he was sold to wealthy merchant Francis Morris, and in 1866 He went to Morris' Throg's Neck stud in Westchester County, where he lived until his death.

He was a popular stallion while he stood for public service, and between 1864 and 1874 got 116 starters who won 160 races worth $129,978. He was twice second on the leading sire's list (1867 and 1869), and twice third (1866 and 1871). Among his offspring were the daughters of the mare Barbarity: Ruthless (winner of the Belmont Stakes), Merciless and Regardless (both Alabama Stakes winners), Remorseless and Relentless, all good runners; the undefeated Narragansett and Scathelock. His daughters were dams of such champions as Faithless and Spinaway, and daughter Mayflower was the dam of the California stallion Joe Hooker. Joe Hooker was later the sire of California-bred Yo Tambien, America's "Queen of the Turf" in the '90s.

Eclipse's most important son was Alarm (1869, out of Maud by Stockwell), credited as the first great American sprinter. Alarm was undefeated in five starts at distances between six and ten furlongs; he set a new American record over a mile at Saratoga, beating Fadladeen and Kingfisher. After his three year old season he was retired to stud at Walnut Hills Farm in Kentucky, and passed through several hands, standing at Dixiana Farm, Kentucky, Erdenheim Stud, Pennsylvania, and finally, Bashford Manor Stud, Kentucky.

Alarm's most influential offspring was Himyar (1875), a winner of 14 races in 27 starts, who in the stud got the brilliant sprinter Domino, one of the most influential of early 20th century American stallions; the champion handicap mare Correction (later second dam of Haste); and Kentucky Derby winner Plaudit, whose direct sire line descendants include Rough'n Tumble and Holy Bull. Alarm also sired Belmont Stakes winner Panique (1881) and his sister Red and Blue (1880), dam of champion Sallie McClelland; champion and sire Whisk Broom II and champion and Leading Sire Ben Brush descended from Red and Blue. Another Alarm daughter, The Niece, produced stakes winner and sire Uncle. Two of Alarm's sons, Wawekus (1883) and Pardee (1882) were influential sires in early Quarter Horse breeding.

Chevalier d'Industrie
Chevalier d'Industrie
CHEVALIER D'INDUSTRIE (1854), a wiry, long-backed horse, was bred by Charles Greville. He was out of Oaks winner Industry, by Priam, who was also the dam of Oaks winner Lady Evelyn (1846) and her sister Distaffina (1845), winner of the Gratwicke Produce Stakes. Distaffina later bred some good daughters to the cover of Orlando. Chevalier d'Industrie was a handsome chestnut standing over 16 hands, and heavily muscled. He was purchased at Greville's annual yearling sale for 255 guineas by Henry Padwick, of the Danebury Confederacy. Padwick was the owner of the perennial second place runner, Yellow Jack, and of a few of Orlando's youngsters mentioned here, including ECLIPSE. John Day, an original member of the Danebury Confederacy, had retired, so Chevalier was sent to trainer William Goater, at Findon. He did not live up to his illustrious pedigree.

As a juvenile CHEVALIER D'INDUSTRIE won his first outing, a sweep at Northampton, beating six other younsters. After that, he proved to be a moderately good juvenile: he dead-heated with a colt by Hernandez in Newmarket's Chesterfield Stakes, but lost the decider by a head; he ran second to Blink Bonny in the Bentinck Memorial at Goodwood; ran third in the Triennial at Newmarket, and did not place in Doncaster's Eglinton Stakes.

At age three he did not place in Blink Bonny's Derby, but ran second for the Epsom Cup. He was third in the Ascot Derby, but failed to place in the Ascot Gold Cup at the same meeting. Finally, at Goodwood, he won the Gratwicke Stakes, beating Orlando son ZUYDER ZEE (winner of Newmarket's Houghton Handicap that year), by four lengths, with three other horses in the field. Still at Goodwood, he was the only runner to challenge Blink Bonny for the Bentinck Memorial Stakes; she beat him by twenty lengths. He went on to Brighton, where he took a walk-over for the Cup, and then was taken to Hereford, where he ran third (out of four) for the Royal Plate there, won by Fisherman.

CHEVALIER D'INDUSTRIE was retired to stud at Theobald's Stud Farm, Enfield, in 1859. In 1860-61 he stood at Mitchell's, near Worthing. He was then purchased by the Painter brothers, who had a stud farm near Stafford, where he stood until 1866, after which he was sent to auction and purchased by a Mr. Gulliver for 500 guineas. His best running offspring was the in-bred (to Orlando) Fripponier (1864), out of Tension, a TEDDINGTON mare. Fripponier placed well in first-class company, and won the Grand Duke Michael Stakes (beating Derby winner The Hermit and Oaks winner Hippia), the Newmarket Plate (beating Hippia), and other races; he later got some daughters that bred on. Chevalier's daughter, Malpractice (1864) (out of The Dutchman's Daughter by The Flying Dutchman) was the dam of Deadlock, whose best produce was the English Triple Crown winner and sire Isinglass. Another Chevalier daughter, Fenella (1866), produced several daughters that bred on: the great American filly Wistful (1946) was a descendant of hers. Another Chevalier daughter, Spot (1870) became the dam of the good steeplechaser Old Joe, a winner of the Grand National Steeplechase at Aintree.


MARSYAS (1851), out of the Whisker daughter, Malibran, ran through 1855. His best win, running for Mr. Knowles, was Newmarket's July Stakes when he was a juvenile. As a stallion, he stood for a time at William Blenkiron's Middle Park Stud in Eltham (near London), for 6 guineas. When Blenkiron died in 1872, Marsyas, along with Derby winner Blair Athol, was purchased at the Middle Park dispersal by the newly-formed Cobham Stud Company.

Marsyas sent the sire line forward through his two chestnut sons George Frederick and Albert Victor, both out of the Stockwell daughter, Princess of Wales, bred by W.S. Cartwright. Albert Victor (1868) was a good runner: at two he won the Middle Park Stakes, and at three he dead-heated for second place with King of the Forest in Favonius's Derby, and the next year won the Ascot Gold Vase and York's Ebor Handicap. His son, The Sailor Prince (1880) won the Cambridgeshire Stakes and in the stud got One Thousand Guineas winner Sibola (1896). Another son, Maskelyn (1878), won the Ascot Derby, and as a stallion in France got the race filly Solange, winner of the French Oaks. Albert Victor's son Albert became a leading sire in the U.S. in 1899, with his son Mesmerist a big winner that year.

Albert Victor's brother, George Frederick (1871), won York's Municipal Stakes and Newmarket's Boscawen Stakes and Triennial Produce Stakes as a juvenile, and at age three won the Newmarket Stakes and the Epsom Derby by two lengths. He joined the Cobham Stud Company stallion roster after retirement, and got the great French colt, Frontin, winner of the Prix du Jockey Club and the Grand Prix de Paris.

Albert Victor also sired Colorado, who was the grandsire of Grand National Steeplechase winner Sunloch (1906). Another good steeplechaser from the Marsyas line was Eu de Vie (1875), by Marsyas and out of Faissewater by Le Lou Garcon, like Albert Victor and George Frederick bred by Cartwright. She won the Nassau Stakes at Goodwood and two other races on the flat, and then was sold to the Duke of Hamilton, for whom she won a number of steeplechases, although she ran unplaced in the Grand National Steeplechase in 1882 and 1883.

Marsyas' daughter, Viridis (1864) from a Pyrrhus I daughter, Maid of Palmyra, was bred at Hampton Court, won Newmarket's Nursery Stakes, and was retired as a broodmare at Hampton Court. When bred to St. Leger winner St. Albans, she produced Springfield (1873), a very fast runner and winner of the Gimcrack Stakes and other good races at age two, and undefeated in fourteen races at ages three and four; he was later grandsire of two English Triple Crown winners -- Rock Sand and Galtee More. Viridis was also the dam of Wokingham, who twice won the Wokingham Stakes.


CHATTANOOGA (1862) was out of Ayacanora, a half-sister to Stockwell out of Birdcatcher. Ayancanora had won Goodwood's Ham Stakes, and was third to IMPERIEUSE in the One Thousand Guineas. Ayacanora also produced NIKE (1864) to the cover of Orlando: she won ten races.

CHATTANOOGA was bred at Hampton Court and purchased as a yearling by Richard C. Naylor, who had purchased J. Massey Stanley's (confederate of Sir Joseph Hawley) farm at Hooton, near Chester, when Stanley ran out of money and ran off to the continent. Initially Naylor's Hooton stud was devoted to turning out hunters, but by 1860 he had started to breed and race flat racers on a small scale, purchasing half a dozen yearlings from the famous Eaton Stud, including the dual-classic winner Macaroni.

He bought CHATTANOOGA, " a big, gross sort of colt," in 1863, and had him schooled at Hooton by John Griffiths, Sr. As a juvenile Chattanooga's only race was Newmarket's Criterion Stakes, which he won. He never got to race again: he was, like many Orlandos, a heavily-muscled colt that carried a lot of flesh, and Naylor, fretting over Griffith's Derby preparations for Chattanooga and the heavy appearance of the colt, ordered the protesting Griffiths to send the colt out on a gallop around a field that had recently been ploughed. "Never mind, do as I tell you," said Naylor. Griffith's son later recounted: "So, of course Chattanooga had his gallop, put one of his hind legs in a rabbit hole, and ricked his back so badly that he could never race again."

Chattanooga was retained at Hooton as a stallion for several years, and there he got Wellingtonia (1869, in-bred to the great broodmare Pocahontas). Wellingtonia was a very modest runner, winning a mile sweepstakes at Newmarket Craven and a Biennial Stakes at Stockbridge over 1-1/2 miles, in his six career starts between ages two and four. However, at stud in France he was successful. Wellingtonia was the sire of Plaisanterie (1882), bred at Haras de Menneval by the Comte Dauger, and sent to England, where she was purchased for 825 francs by M.H. Bouy of France at Tattersall's September yearling sale. She became one of France's grand turf queens, winning fourteen of her fifteen races in France and England, at distances between 1700 and 3600 meters, including the 3000 meter Prix de Chantilly, the Grosser Preis von Baden Baden, and both the Cesarewitch and Cambridgeshire in England. She was later the dam of Cesarewitch winner Childwick (by St. Simon), who became a sire in France, and Topiary (by Orme), the dam of Tracery and Trap Rock.

Wellingtonia also got Clover (1886), winner of the Prix du Jockey Club and the Prix du Cadran, later sire of the good stayer Arreau, winner of the Grand Prix de Paris. He also got Clairon (1888), sire of Italian Derby winner Demetrio. His daughter, Cromatella, won the Grand Criterium and Prix Mornay as a juvenile, and in the stud produced Grand Prix de Paris winner Cheri. Another Wellingtonia daughter, Alice, was the dam of Amie, who produced the great unbeaten runner, Ajax, winner of the Prix du Jockey Club and Grand Prix de Paris, later an influential sire.

TRUMPETER (1856) was another handsome chestnut Hampton Court youngster, out of the Redshank mare Cavatina. He was purchased at the annual Hampton Court yearling sale by Harry Hill, a bookmaker and owner who was another member of the "Danebury Confederacy." Hill had won the Oaks with Cymba in 1848, the Two Thousand Guineas with Pitsford in 1850 and with The Hermit in 1854, and his colt, Kingston, was third in the 1855 Guineas and second, to Wild Dayrell, in that year's Derby. Trumpeter, through grandson Flageolet, had a great influence on French breeding in the latter half of the 19th century.

Placed in training with John Day, Trumpeter debuted in the Bath Biennial as a juvenile, his only race that year, in which he did not place. Orlando's daughter CANTINE was also in that race, but bolted at the start. At age three he was given two races before the classic, the Newmarket Biennial, which he won by two lengths, beating twelve other youngsters. He went back to Bath for the Biennial, this time winning it by three lengths over seven other three-year-olds, however, he came out of the race "very" lame. Hill and Day still sent him to Epsom, and he ran third to Musjid and his stablemate, Marionette (who he had beat in trials) in the Derby, again coming in so lame that he was retired from the turf, standing first at Althorp Park and later at Hampton Court.

In the stud he was very successful, getting a number of good winners, among them Cesarewitch winner Salpinctes; City and Suburban Handicap winner Abergeldie; Challenge, who won the Liverpool July Cup, the Steward's Cup at Kelson, plates at Lewes and Egham, and other races (he was later grandsire of German Derby winner Tegetthoff); Queen's Messenger, winner of Newmarket's Prince of Wales's Stakes, Ascot's St. James's Palace Stakes, and third in both the Guineas and the Derby, later a good sire; Casse-Tete, winner of the 1872 Grand National Steeplechase; the excellent juvenile filly Lady Elizabeth, who won Ascot's New Stakes and and Newmarket's July Stakes, and many others.

It was his son, the modest runner Plutus (1863, out of Britannia by Planet) who continued the sire line. He was owned Auguste de Morny, whose stud was at Viroflay. When the duke died in 1865, Plutus was purchased by Count Frédéric de Lagrange, who ran him at age three in England, where he won the Great Eastern Railway Handicap. He was then sold on to Charles Laffitte for 41,000 francs. At stud in France Plutus got Gournay (1884), winner of the Prix du Nabob, and later sire of French Oaks winner Liane (1893); Fricandeau (1883), winner of the Prix d'Orange and the Prix de la Foret, later sire of the Grand Prix de Paris winner Doge; and Flageolet (1870, from La Favorite by Monarque). His daughter, Ismenie (1877), to the cover of Dollar, produced several good runners for Auguste Lupin, including Acheron (Prix des Sablons, Prix de la Foret), Cerbere (Prix Greffulhe) and, to the cover of Dollar's son Fontainebleau, Phlegethon (French Two Thousand Guineas).

Flageolet, owned by Claude-Joachim Lefèvre (owner of Dutch Skater) won Deauville's Prix des Deux Ans, Newmarket's Criterion Stakes and five other races as a juvenile, and went on in his later career to win the Goodwood Cup, the Claret Stakes, and Newmarket's Jockey Club Cup, placing second in the French Derby and the Grand Prix de Paris. Flageolet was an enormously successful sire in both France and England, and was leading sire in England in 1879 due largely to the successes of his son Rayon D'Or (1876), winner of Doncaster's St. Leger Stakes, the St. James's Palace Stakes and other good races in England and of Longchamp's Prix du Cadran and the great stayer's challenge the Prix Rainbow. Rayon d'Or was sold to the U.S., where, standing in Pennsylvania, he was leading sire in 1889. Flageolet also got excellent runners in France, including Prix du Jockey Club winners Beauminet and Zut, Poule d'Essai winner Le Destrier, and French Two Thousand Guineas and Prix Lupin winner Xaintrailles, all of which became sires, and French Oaks winner Versigny. Flageolet, the only French-bred horse to lead the sire's list in England (1879), due primarily to Rayon d'Or's wins there, was later sold to the German government, where he got four classic winners, including Deutsches Derby winner Geier, and where many of his sons were used as improvement sires on half-bred mares, some of which can be seen in the pedigrees of Trakehner sport horses, Hannoverians, and other breeds with roots in east Prussia.

Trumpeter's daughters included Boot and Saddle (1873) who produced Deceiver (1880, by Wenock), winner of the Epsom Grand Prize. Another Trumpeter daughter was Land's End (1873) whose daughter, Distant Shore, won a small race and later was second dam of Cyllene; Land's End was also the dam of St. Michael (by Springfield), who won the Ebor St. Leger and was second in both the Goodwood and Doncaster Cups.

Other Orlando Sons

CANARY (1858, out of Palma, by Plenipotentiary) won Ascot's Royal Hunt Cup in 1862, beating a field of 37. At stud in Ireland, got Xeonophon, a good sire of horses that ran on the flat and over fences. Xenophon's daughter Peace (1880) was the leading juvenile in Ireland in 1882, winner of four races, including the Railway Stakes, and at age three she challenged for and won the 2 mile-4 furlong Royal Whip at the Curragh. Xenophon's jumpers included Queen of the May, winner of the Galway Plate in 1891; Seaman, who won the Conyngham Cup in 1881 and the Grand National Steeplechase in 1882; Cyrus, who was second in Seaman's Grand National; and the half-bred May Boy, a successful runner on the flat and over fences, winning eleven races on the flat in England and Ireland, including the Sandown Nursery and the Beresford Stakes, and two races over fences, including Auteuil's Hurdle Race in France. May Boy was later a famous sire in Ireland of winners on the flat and over fences. Another Xeonophon son bred in Ireland, Parasang, won the 1888 Grand Steeplechase de Paris.

CLAUDE LORRAINE (1854, out of a Sir Hercules mare), a Hampton Court product, won Ascot's Royal Stakes in 1857. Claude Lorraine's brother, THE BRITISH REMEDY (1853), owned by Carey Elwes, won a sweep at Abingdon in 1855, beating Fisherman. Another brother, GIN (1855, also called Mountain Dew and Tommy) won the July Stakes at Newmarket, and four other races.

CRATER (1857, out of Vesuvienne by Gladiator) was a handsome animal who won the Royal Hunt Cup in 1860, beating a field of 27 and giving away a lot of weight, and won mostly at a mile. DUKE ROLLO, owned by Hawley, won Newmarket's Biennial Stakes. KING PEPIN won some races and was second to Buckthorn in the Ascot Stakes, and third to The Nabob in the Cesarewitch. KING OF THE FOREST (1854, out of Forest Flower by Glaucus) dead-heated with Albert Victor for second in the Derby; he later got a good runner in Heart of Oak.

ORESTES (1850, out of a Bay Middleton mare), owned by Mayer Rothschild, won Epsom's Woodcote Stakes and the Croxteth Stakes at Liverpool in 1854; he was later sire of the Baron's Orest, grandsire of Irish Grand National winner Eglentine, and of Restes who won Epsom's Woodcote Stakes in 1859. ORPHEUS (1849, out of Malibran, and so brother to MARSYAS) won the Granby Handicap at Croxton Park. PORTO RICO (1853, out of a Bay Middleton mare) won both the Clearwell and Prendergast Stakes at Newmarket as a juvenile; as a sire in Ireland he got 1874 Conyngham Cup winner Miltown. TEMPLE (1867, out of Lady Palmerston, by Melbourne) won Ascot's New Stakes.

LIDDINGTON (1862), owned by James Merry, ran third in Gladiateur's Two Thousand Guineas, and won the Newmarket's Chesterfield Stakes and Ascot's New Stakes. THE KNAVE (1869), also owned by Merry, did not place in Caractacus' 1872 Derby, but did win the Liverpool July Cup in 1863. WRESTLER (1855) won Doncaster's Spring Handicap in 1858, beating Underhand and seven others. NINNYHAMMER (1850) ran second to Rataplan in Stockbridge's Steward's Plate, and won the Ascot Derby in 1853, dying soon after.

ZUYDER ZEE (1854, out of Barbelle by Sandbeck, and so half-brother to The Flying Dutchman), a dark bay, was a good runner for his owner W.S. Crawfurd. He was second in Goodwood's Gratwicke Stakes to CHEVALIER D'INDUSTRIE in 1857, and went on that year to win the Houghton Handicap at Newmarket. In 1858 he won Epsom's Craven Stakes, beating Saunterer and ten others. The next year he won Doncaster's Fitzwilliam Stakes. He also won the Granby handicap at age six, carrying 11st.-4, and at age six retired sound. His daughter Bounceaway was dam of Goodwood Cup winner New Holland.

Lord Derby's BOIARDO (1851, out of Miss Bowe, by Catton), ran fifth in Knight of St. George's St. Leger. He stood at Knowsley in Lancashire for 5 guineas (Longbow, at the same stud, was priced at 10 guineas), and was sold after the 1857 season to Australia. There he was a successful sire: Barwon (1859) was in his first crop and won the V.R.C. Derby , St. Leger (14-1/2 furlongs), Australian Cup (18 furlongs) and Champion Stakes (24 furlongs). In his second crop was Banker, who won the Melbourne Cup in 1863, Oriflame, who won the V.R.C. Derby and St. Leger, and Aruma, winner of the V.R.C. Oaks. His daughter Florence (1867) won the A.J.C. Champagne Stakes and the V.R.C. Oaks and three Derbies--the A.J.C., the V.R.C., and the Q.T.C. Boiardo's daughter Josephine (1869) established a successful female line in New Zealand.

SCYTHIAN (1851, out of Scythia, by Hetman Platoff) who won the Chester Cup, was described as having "good shoulders and grand quarters, two galloping ends stuck together with a very poor middle piece." At age five he was purchased for large sum of $7,500 by Richard A. Alexander, not long after Alexander had purchased the great American runner and sire Lexington from Richard Ten Broeck, and Scythian was sent to the U.S., where he was installed at Alexander's Woodburn Stud in Kentucky. There he did not do well, and in 1860 was removed from service and used as a buggy horse; however, four years later, after some offspring showed well, he was reinstalled as a Woodburn stallion. He got some good runners in the U.S., including full sisters Sympathy and and Lizzie W. who were both great winners in 1864, and a daughter, Annette (1859), the last foal of Lexington's dam, Alice Carneal, who had been leased by Richard Ten Broeck; Annette was part of a string Ten Broeck took to England to run; she ran second in the Stratton Audley Handicap at Oxford in 1861.

IMPERIEUSE (1854) was bred at Hampton Court and sold as a yearling at Tattersalls for 480 guineas, purchased by a Mr. Newland. Her dam was Euology, by Euclid; the latter dead-heated with Charles XII for the St. Leger, losing the decider, and won the St. James's Palace Stakes and the Grand Duke Michael Stakes and several other races. Eulogy was a half-sister to Derby and St. Leger winner Voltigeur. Imperieuse was described as a 15.3 hand tall rich bay filly with a plain head, larger ears, "extremely good shoulders" and great depth of girth, with powerful thighs and gaskins.

For Newland she won four races as a juvenile, including Goodwood's Lavant Stakes, ran third in the Molecomb Stakes, and went unplaced (fourth) in Doncaster's Champagne Stakes, in a very close finish of the first four horses. After Doncaster she was sold to the great northern trainer John Scott, who ran her at the end of the season in Newmarket's Nursery Stakes, in which she was unplaced. At age three she started by winning the One Thousand Guineas, beating a good field that included Ayacanora, Tasmania, and Blink Bonny. She ran fourth to Blink Bonny in the Oaks (20 lengths behind). She won a handicap at Newcastle, beating nine others, including some four year olds, but could not place in either the Eglinton Stakes or the Consolation Scramble at York. Scott sent her on to Doncaster, where she was a surprise winner of the St. Leger, beating Blink Bonny, whom many claimed had been pulled. The St. Leger was Imperieuse's last race.

She was purchaed by Auguste Lupin and imported into France in 1859. At his stud farm at Vaucresson, near Paris, and later at Haras Viroflay, she produced a succession of winners. Her best was Deliane, by The Flying Dutchman, who won the Prix de Diane, and as a broodmare produced English Oaks winner Enguerande, the great French filly and Prix de Diane winner La Jonchere, and Lupin's French Two Thousand Guineas winner, the in-bred Xaintrailles (by Flageolet). Imperieuse also produced Ermeline, by The Flying Dutchman's son, Dollar. Ermeline became the dam of French One Thousand Guineas winner Yvandre (1881), who was dam of Melchior, a winner in Germany. Descendants of Imperieuse, who heads Family 2 - j, included Grand Prix de Paris winner Filibert de Savoie (1920), and many other good winners, from Poland to New Zealand.

IMPERIEUSE'S sister EURYDICE (1855) won the Cambridgeshire Stakes in 1858, beating Beacon, Underhand, and thirty-three others, and two other races, but died towards the end of her four-year-old year. The third important Orlando daughter out of Eulogy was IMPERATRICE (1859) who was raced by Colonel Townely. She won Newmarket's Hopeful Stakes and Doncaster's Hopeful Stakes, and ran second to The Marquis in Doncaster's Champagne Stakes as a juvenile. At age three she ran second to Feu de Joie in the Oaks, was third to her in the Yorkshire Oaks, and won Doncaster's Park Hill Stakes. She heads the Family 2 - k branch, which lasted well into the twentieth century; Irish Derby winner Lord Rossmore (1900) and the top English juvenile runner and later sire, Friar's Balsam (1885) descend from her.

Orlando got some other good running daughters.

CANTINE (1856), out of Vivandiere, a sister to Voltigeur, by Voltaire (she was in Charles Greville's stud) was one of Orlando's few stayers. Raced by Lord Ailesbury, she won Goodwood's Nassau Stakes, ran second to her near-relative Qui-vive in Doncaster's Park Hill Stakes at age three, won the Great Eastern Handicap at age four, and the City and Suburban Handicap at age five. She became an excellent broodmare, dam of Cantinière (1870, by Stockwell), who won Goodwood's Lavant Stakes, Epsom's Woodcote Stakes, and Newmarket's Chesterfield and Hurstbourne Stakes. Cantiniere was later dam of the excellent juvenile filly Bal Gal (1878, by Adventurer, winner of Champagne Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes, July Stakes, Park Hill Stakes and Richmond Stakes) and of the great Dutch Skater filly Dutch Oven (1879, winner of the Dewhurst and Richmond Stakes, the Yorkshire Oaks, and the Doncaster St. Leger). CANTINE was also dam of Aventurière (1871, by Adventurer), winner of the Nassauc Stakes, Park Hill Stakes, Cesarewitch Stakes in 1874 and the Goodwood Cup in 1875. Cantine also produced Countess Amy, the dam of Grand National Steeplechase winner Shifnal. Bal Gal and another daughter, Happy Hampton, bred on through the twentieth century (Family 2 - h)

Cantine's dam, Vivandiere produced several other foals by Orlando. LA FILLE DU REGIMENT (1855), raced by Lord Chesterfield, ran second to Go-Ahead in Goodwood's Nassau Stakes. She later produced Grimston, a winner of the Henckel-Rennen. CHARMIONE (1858) was the dam of Ascot's New Stakes and Royal Hunt Cup winner Strathern, later a sire.

CHALICE (1852, from the great race filly Crucifix (triple classic winner), by Priam, and half-sister to Derby and St. Leger winner Surplice, did not repeat her classic-winning parent's successes, but she did well enough: racing for Lord Clifden, she won the Riddlesworth Stakes at Newmarket, Ascot's Royal Hunt Cup and Royal Stakes. A disappointment at stud, having been bred to inferior sires, one daughter, Pietas (1861) produced Placida (1874), who won the Oaks Stakes.

FLYAWAY (1853, out of Flight, by Jereed) was purchased at the Hampton Court yearling sale for 155 guineas, and went on to win the Chesterfield Stakes and nine other races. Her full sister, RETREAT (1857), bred on: Ascot Gold Cup winner and sire Love Wisely (1893) was one of her descendants.

A half-sister to Flyaway's dam, Flight, was Orlando's daughter BAY ROSALIND (1849). She became second dam of Middle Park Stakes winner Plebian, and was tail-female ancestress of Lily Langry's great Australian-bred runner, Merman (1892), who won the Cesarewitch, Ascot Gold Cup, Goodwood Cup and Jockey Club Cup.

LITTLE LADY (1856, out of Volley, like Vivandiere, a sister to Voltigeur, by Voltaire) was bred at Hampton Court and purchased by Lord Stamford for 70 guineas. She won sixteen races, including the Anglesey Stakes for yearlings over 2 furlongs at Shrewsbury, and being exceptionally fast at short distances, earned the sobriquet "flying filly." To the cover of Cambuscan (sire of Kincsem) she produced the handsome colt Camballo in 1872, who won the Stockbridge Biennial, the Hurstbourne Stakes, Champagne Stakes and July Stakes as a juvenile, and the Two Thousand Guineas at age three, in the fastest time since Orlando's son, Diophantus, won it. He was later a moderately successful sire. LITTLE LADY had two sisters that bred on: VENUS (1862), and an unnamed MARE by Orlando born in 1857, who was the dam of Lincoln, a winner of 28 races and of Kidbrooke, who won eleven races.

MELISSA (1853, out of Clementina, by Venison) was raced for four season by Lord Clifden and was another Orlando offspring that could go a distance. Her big win was the Park Hill Stakes, beating Mincepie, after Mincepie had run her into second place in the Oaks. Also at age three she ran second to Fandango in the Doncaster Cup; at age four, she was third to Warlock in the Great Ebor Handicap at Doncaster, and to Fisherman in the Chesterfield Stakes. She did not breed on.

QUEEN OF PRUSSIA (1856, out of Hersey, by Glaucus) was bought for 220 guineas at the Hampton Court yearling sale. She was owned and raced by Irish trainer William Disney, for whom she won the Madrid Stakes at The Curragh in 1859, and three other races. Through her grandaughter Lady Jacob (1876, by Uncas), she became tail-female ancestress of many good winners, among them Irish Derby winners Oppressor (1896) and Zionist (1922), Irish sire General Peace (1894) and American sire Windy City (1926), and Oaks and St. Leger winner Dunfermline (1974, by Royal Palace and so distantly in-bred to Orlando).

Hersey also produced two other Orlando daughters that bred on. BAY CELIA (1851) and EVERGREEN PINE (1859). Bay Celia was a broodmare at Hampton Court. She produced The Duke (1862, by Stockwell), who won the Goodwood Cup and the Cambridgeshire Stakes; The Earl (1865, by Young Melbourne), who for the Marquis of Hastings won five of his twelve juvenile races, including the Gimcrack Stakes, and the Grand Prix de Paris, a Biennial at Suffolk, the Ascot Derby, and the St. James's Palace Stakes at age three; and The Duchess (1864, by St. Albans), winner of the Goodwood's Nassau Stakes and six other races.

SPINDLE (1853, out of Distaffina, a stakes winner by Don John; Distaffina's dam was Oaks winner Industry) was purchased by Padwick from the Hampton Court yearing sale. She ran a dead-heat for second with Warlock in Epsom's Woodcote Stakes, was second in the Molecomb Stakes, and won the July Stakes. At age three she was second in the St. James's Palace Stakes and the Coronation Stakes. Her year-younger sister, SPINET (1854), won thirteen races, and her older sister, SPINAWAY (1851), second to Mincemeat in the Bedford Stakes, won Newmarket's Chester Stakes and four other races for George Payne. Another sister, DISTAFF (1864) won eleven races.

ATTRACTION (1861, out of Nun Appleton by Bay Middleton) won sixteen races. Her sisters bred on: JULIE (1856) produced Beaufort Cup and Cesarewitch winner Julius (1864, by St. Albans), who beat Hermit in a 1,000 sovereign match at Newmarket in 1869, won fourteen races in all and later was a sire in the Clumber Stud at Worksop and his brother, Julius Caesar (1873), who won the Royal Hunt Cup; LAY SISTER (1862) produced Stewards' Cup winner Sister Helen, who bred on; MISS EVELYN (1866) produced Grand National Steeplechase winner Voluptuary (1878), and was second dam of Coronation Stakes winner Lady Hermit (1889).

Other Orlando daughters who were winners included YAMUNA (1861), winner of Newmarket's Hopeful Stakes, in which she beat Fille-de-l'Air and nine others; REDEMPTION (1852), who won the Ascot Stakes and sixteen other races; OCTAVIA (1849) won a plate at Liverpool, and other races; Greville's FRAVOLA (1857, out of Apricot, by Sir Hercules) won Northampton's Whittlebury Stakes and Earl Spencer's Plate, both times beating Sweetsauce, but it was her sister, Fravolina (1862) who bred on, dam of the good runner The Raker, who bred on (Arts and Letters and Waquoit were among her descendants), and of Coturnix, from whom Derby winner Spearmint (1903) descended in tail-female.

Many of Orlando's daughters bred on, in addition to those noted above. The more immediate successful are included below.

DORALICE (1852, out of Preserve, by Emilius, with whom Charles Greville had won the One Thousand Guineas) was in Greville's stud until his death, after which she was purchased for the Hampton Court Royal Stud. Before Greville's death she produced Speculum (1865), purchased as a yearling by the Duke of Newcastle, who won eight of his seventeen starts at age two, the Goodwood Cup at age three, and the Port Stakes at age four. At Moorlands Stud, near York, standing at a fee of 10 guineas, he got Rosebery (1871), winner of the Cesarewitch and Cambridgeshire, later sire of the good runner Amphion, the sire of Sundridge; Sefton (1874), who won the Derby; and Hagioscope (1877), a winner of thirteen races, and later sire of Queen's Birthday, who won all his races at age three, except the St. Leger, and the Northumberland Plate and Doncaster Cup at age four. Hagioscope was later sire of good stayer Santoi, who won the Ascot Gold Cup. Speculum also got Castlereagh, sire of the Grand National Steeplechase winner Why Not. Doralice was also the dam of Dora (1857) whose tail-female descendants included 1923 Oaks winner Brownhylda and 1932 St. Leger winner Firdaussi.

LAURA (1860) was out of Torment, by Alarm. Torment was a great stayer, winning the York Cup and handicaps at Ascot and Hampton, and Queen's Plates at Hampton, Winchester, Goodwood and York, at distances between two and 3 miles-5 furlongs. She had been purchased by Greville, and he bred Laura at Hampton Court. Laura was purchased by Padwick as a yearling at the annual Hampton Court sale, and for him she won the Zetland Stakes and was second in Pontrefract's Park Hill Stakes at age two, and won the half-mile March Stakes at Goodwood, where she was claimed by Sir John Astley. Soon after, while in training, she began bleeding, and was sold for a mere £25 to Mr. Gosden of Midhurst, where she became an exemplary broodmare. Her winning offspring included Proto Martyr, winner of five races; Fraulein, winner of twelve races, including the Lewes Spring Handicap, the Somersetshire Handicap, the Liverpool Plate and the Doncaster Cup; Lemnos, winner of ten races (she was later dam of winners on the flat and over fences); Laureate, winner of the Craven Stakes, Stockbridge Biennial and Singleton Stakes at Goodwood; the unraced Last Link, later dam of the in-bred Link Boy and other winners; and her best, Petrarch (1873) by Lord Clifden.

Orlando's daughter BESSIE, out of The Deformed, by Harkaway, was purchased by Lord Howth from Hampton Court Paddocks and sent to Ireland, where she founded a long-lived family of successful steeplechasers and hurdlers. She herself produced the Irish Grand National winner, The Gift, and a daughter, Eudora, who won over fences and produced Moorside II, winner of the Becher Steeplechase at Liverpool and later sire of 1924 Grand National Steeplechase winner Master Robert.

LADY CAROLINE (1861, out of Lady Blanche by Stockwell), had several daughters that bred on (Family 1 - s). Of these, her daughter Casuistry (1876, by The Miner) produced Two Thousand Guineas and Grand Prix de Paris winner Paradox (1882, by Sterling), and his sister, Inchbonny (1883). A host of famous horses descend from Casuistry, such as the influential broodmare La Troienne and her sister French Oaks winner Adargatis; and the great broodmare Absurdity (1903), who was the dam of Absurd; dual-classic winner Jest (dam of Derby winner Humorist); and St. Leger winner Black Jester (1920). Absurdity's daughter Gesture (1913, by Sunstar) produced Amuse, dam of One Thousand Guineas winner Picture Play (1914), from whom descend many great winners, including 1967 Derby winner Royal Palace and 1981 One Thousand Guineas winner Fairy Footsteps, a successful broodmare.

FAYAWAY (1852, out of Boarding School Miss by Plenipotentiary) ran for Lord Chesterfield in the north. She was sold to the Duke of Hamilton and produced Julia Peel (1864), who was shipped off to France, where she became the dam of some good winners in Narcisse and Statira. Epsom Oaks and One Thousand Guineas winner Mysterious (1970) and her half-brother, sire J.O. Tobin, who won stakes in England and California, both descended from Julia Peel.

A MARE BY ORLANDO (1853), out of Brown Bess, by Camel, became the dam of General Peel (1861), who won the Two Thousand Guineas in 1864, and was second to Blair Athol in both the Derby and St. Leger. He later won the Doncaster Cup, and ran a dead-heat with Ely for the Ascot Gold Cup, but was beaten in the decider. He was not a success at stud. This same Orlando daughter was the dam of Knowsley, whose daughter, Mersey, was the dam of the great Carbine.

There were many other winners by Orlando, and many daughters that bred on with some influence on the breed. In the stud he had a reputation for producing soft, fleshy youngsters, and while overall his offspring tended to be heavily-muscled juveniles that were very fast, but limited in scope, he did get some, such as Teddington, that broke that mould, and could go a distance. More importantly, when his sons and daughters got an infusion of stout bloodlines, they produced some grand runners that could win classics and distance races, and not a few were outstanding jumpers. Through them we see Orlando in pedigrees throughout the world today.

--Patricia Erigero

ORLANDO, Bay Colt, 1841 - Family #13 - a.
br. 1831
blk. 1822
br. 1807
Mare by Selim
b. 1812
br. 1826
Master Henry
b. 1815
Miss Sophia
b. 1807
ch. 1833
ch. 1817
ch. 1802
Mare by Alexander
Mare by Walton
ch. 1808
Young Giantess
b. 1821
b. 1813
Miss Hap
b. 1815
Sir Oliver

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