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Chestnut colt, 1824 - 1850
By Castrel - Idalia by Peruvian

Byerley Turk Sire Line

Family 17 - a


Although unbeaten at age three, Pantaloon was not an exceptional race horse, but benefitting by receiving excellent mares as a stallion at two important studs of the '30s and '40s -- the Duke of Westminster's Eaton stud in Cheshire and Lord John Scott's Cawston Lodge stud in Warwickshire -- he got three classic winners, a leading sire son in Ireland, and an unremarkable racing son that sent his branch of the sire line forward into the twentieth century. A noted broodmare sire, his daughters produced three classic winners and good sires sons, including the classic winner Macaroni and Leamington, a multiple-time leading sire in America. An attractive chestnut with unusual coloring, his famous black "blotches" were also perpetuated down through the generations, through some sons and daughters.

His sire, Castrel

Castrel's dam was a "mean, crooked-ankled" mare by the big, handsome chestnut Alexander, bred by the Duke of Queensbury, so "weedy" that she was given by the Duke to Dr. Sandiver, a Newmarket surgeon who became the medical attendant to George IV, when he was Prince Regent. "Mr. Sandiver would often ride her for a bye hour on the Heath, which was to be trodden by such countless winning descendants, on his way to see patients on the race afternoons." She was sold to Brigadier General Robert Bernard Sparrow, who had inherited an estate worth £14,000 in annual income, and Brampton Park, an Elizabethan manor and estate in Co. Huntingdon. She later passed into the stud of George IV, when he was Prince of Wales.

In 1801 she dropped her third foal, Castrel, and her second by Buzzard, who was then standing at Newmarket. Buzzard had won twenty-eight races in six seasons on the turf, mostly at Newmarket, and, having retired from racing in 1794, his career as a stallion was barely underway when the Alexander mare was bred to him. To his cover, she would produce Selim (1802) and Rubens (1805), along with Castrel the "wonderful leash of brothers;" Selim (sire of six classic winners and Sultan) and Rubens (sire of the classic-winning fillies Landscape, Pastille and Whizgig) did well on the turf and both were later leading sires in England. She also bred the Epsom Oaks winner, Bronze, by Buzzard, from whom numerous stakes-winners descend in tail-female.

Castrel, standing at 16 hands, was described as a "magnificent chestnut" of "great quality." He was a confirmed roarer, which probably explains his minimal career on the turf. Castrel, running for Sparrow, won three races and placed second and third once in five starts in two seasons of racing. He was slated to stand at Brampton Park in 1806 at 10 guineas, but Sparrow died in 1905, during Castrel's second year on the turf, which cut short his race career, and he was sold, along with the rest of Sparrow's small stud soon thereafter. He was purchased by a character referred to as Reverend Harvey or "Parson Harvey," although he apparently had no connection with the established church. Harvey owned a large racing stable in Pimlico (London), which The Druid said was commonly referred to as "that Hospital for Decayed Cracks." Harvey "...gave larger prices for horses than any man was previously known to do who never attempted to run them in public...The passion of this extraordinary and eccentric gentleman was 'for the horse and for the horse only' and this he indulged in to an extreme...with all his oddities and eccentricities is was a very intelligent man, and humane to an enviable degree." His "dear Castrel" spent several years with him, but no winners, in any public venues recorded in the racing calender from that period have surfaced.

In 1810 Castrel was purchased by Sir Henry Mainwaring of Over-Peover, near Knutsford, in Cheshire, and was sent to stand at The Royals, at Nantwich in Cheshire for a fee of 10 guineas. Mainwaring was a typical gentleman sportsman of the day, involved in hunting and a supporter of local racing. It was during his time at The Royals that Castrel got most of his offspring, bred to mares owned mostly by the local gentry-- which included the Legh family, Sir Thomas Stanley at Hooton, Frederic Lumley, Sir Thomas Mostyn, Robert (2nd) Earl Grosvenor at Eaton, and other familiar names -- many of whom raced at Midlands courses beyond Cheshire. Castrel spent over a decade in Cheshire, and while he did not see many mares, and was not among the leading sires -- his best year was 1817, with eight winners of nineteen races -- he did get some good running horses. His best included Castrella (1812, out of Madrigal by Sir Peter Teazle), bred at Eaton and sold to Scott Stonehewer for whom she won a number of matches at Newmarket, Newmarket's Trial Stakes and other good races; Sunflower (1813), a winner of five races in 1817; Bustard (1813), who took Chester's Dee Stakes and several other races to age five, and Merlin, winner of two races as a juvenile at York and Doncaster, second in the Doncaster Gold Cup at age four, and winner at age five of the Newmarket's Port and Doncaster's Fitzwilliam Stakes. In addition to Pantaloon, his sons Bustard and Merlin got good sons, and Bustard's branch of the sire line continued in Australia with his exported grandson, Fisherman (1853).

Princess Royal
Princess Royal, by Castrel
Castrel also got Princess Royal, bred and raced by Sir Thomas Mostyn, a winner of sixteen races and four gold cups. At age three her wins included two sweeps at Chester, a sweep at Knutsford, and a dead-heat in a produce stakes (two miles) at Knutsford. Her big wins at age five included Chester's Stand (formerly Gold) Cup, Derby's Gold Cup (3 miles), and the Knutsford Gold Cup (3 miles), and she ran second to Doge of Venice the Manchester Gold Cup. The next year, 1824, she won the Gold Cup at Derby a second time. At Mostyn's Cheshire stud she was later the dam of the Epsom Oaks and Doncaster St. Leger winner and good Cup mare Queen of Trumps (1832, by Velocipede) and of Queen Bess (1831, by Chateau Margaux), winner of Doncaster's Champagne Stakes and other races at age two, and Liverpool's Croxteth Stakes and Stanley Stakes and other races at age three.

Castrel was also dam's sire of The Saddler (1828, by Waverley - Castrellina); the Cup specialist Dr. Faustus (1822, by Filho-da-Puta - Maid of Lorn); and the multiple Cup and Royal Plate winner Rioter (1831, by Reveller - Racket)

Castrel's son Bustard, a bay that stood 15.1 hands with "great substance," was, like his sire relegated to the hinterlands during his stud career, standing in Staffordshire, never getting more than five winners in any one year, but among them was 1830 Epsom Oaks winner Variation; Lady Fly (1829), second in the Epsom Oaks; Heron, a winner the Liverpool Tradesman's cup and other races, and Fulwar Craven's Doncaster, winner of the Wokingham Stakes and Windsor Town Plate at Ascot and other races. Heron was later sire of the great Fisherman (1853), winner of over fifty races (including the Ascot Gold Cup twice), who was sold to Australia in 1860, where he was a very successful stallion that had a significant impact on Australian bloodstock breeding.

Merlin (1815) was Castrel's best running son, and by far his best sire son in terms of winners and earnings. He had been purchased for two thousand guineas as a two-year-old by Lord Foley. He broke his leg racing at age five and spent a long time in a sling; the leg eventually healed, but he subsequently was plagued with tremors in all his legs. He was fortunate to go to Thomas Thornhill's Riddlesworth Stud in Norfolk, where Emilius would join him a few years later, and where he got many good mares, but a groom he particularly hated, possibly in association with his confinement, was not so lucky; Merlin savaged him when the fellow entered the stall, and he died two hours after the Riddlesworth staff rescued him. Merlin got many notable runners, including Dervise, winner of the 1826 Two Thousand Guineas and later the Claret Stakes for the Duke of Grafton; Problem, winner of the 1826 Oaks and One Thousand Guines for Grafton; Mustard, who produced St. Leger winner Mango and One Thousand Guineas winner Preserve (both by Emilius) -- Family 1 - b descends from Preserve in tail-female; Mustard's sister, Mangel Wurzel, produced Eusebia (1839, by Emilius), an influential broodmare in France. Merlin also got Col. Wilson's Lamplighter (1823), a winner of Newmarket's Port Stakes and Craven Stakes, multiple two and four-mile royal plates at Newmarket and elswhere, and the 1828 Royal Whip at Newmarket (he was later sire of Derby winner Phosphorus); Goshawk (1823),winner of the Newmarket stakes and Epsom's Craven Stakes, and numerous Newmarket handicaps, and many other good winners and influential broodmare daughters.

With the exception of Castrellina (1823), all those Castrel offspring were bred while he was in Cheshire. But, in 1821-22 Castrel, age 21, was secured by Edmund Lechmere Charlton, another scion of an ancient family, with estates in Shropshire, Worcestershire and Ludford, where his stud farm was located. He had been racing horses since 1811, and was distantly related to the Mainwarings in Cheshire. In 1823 a turf writer said of Charlton, "He makes a good fight at Newmarket, and in the country he is formidable...He gives a large price for a good horse; that is to say, not for a horse that has won once or twice, but for one which has proved himself a runner at all lengths and at all weights. Another sporting observer noted, "There are not many better judges than Mr. Charlton, though we fear, like other gentlemen-sportsmen, he has paid rather dearly for his experience," no doubt referring to his purchase of Anticipation (a good sire of Shropshire hunters, but not racehorses), Banker (sire of Chester Cup winner Halston and a very few other good ones), Hedley (sire of Epsom Derby winner Prince Leopold and not much else) and other stallions that did not prove overly-successful in the stud.

Castrel went to Ludford Park, bordered by the River Teme, near Ludlow in Shropshire, joining Charlton's stallions Master Henry (a Gold Cup winning son of Orville; sire of Westminster's excellent broodmare, Banter), Hedley, Ascot Gold Cup winner Anticipation, and Manfred (Banker came a year later), and a small broodmare band of eight, plus mares from the Duke of Grafton's stud and the Grosvenor stud in residence. At Ludford he was bred to very few mares, and got only a handful of foals, including Castrellina, Silkworm (later a stallion), Jack Mytton's Lechmere, a winner of five races at age three, including the St. Leger Stakes at Oswestry, and Pantaloon. He died at Ludford in 1828.

Pantaloon's Dam, Idalia

Pantaloon's dam, Idalia (1815) was out of Musidora (1804), a full sister to 1805 Epsom Oaks winner Meteora, by Meteor. Her sire, Peruvian (1806, by Sir Peter Teazle), did not race, and stood at the Grosvenor stud at Eaton, near Chester, for a fee of 5 guineas, until he was sold to Russia in 1820. At Eaton Peruvian also got Bizarre (1811), that became the dam of the dual Ascot Gold Cup winner Bizarre (1824, by Orville) and the good juvenile filly Whimsey (1829, by Partisan), winner of Epsom's Woodcote Stakes. As a three-year-old, Idalia ran twice, unplaced; she was distanced at Ludlow in a maiden plate, and fourth in a fifty at Bridgenorth. She was purchased by William Wood of Glocestershire, and first bred at age four, dropping her first foal (unnamed, by Ambo) in 1820. Idalia bred eleven foals total, two of which died young. Charlton secured her in 1821, and first bred her to his stallion Manfred. Her first foal by Castrel was Panacea (1823), a filly that was injured as a yearling and died at age four or five. Her only other Castrel foal was Pantaloon, born in 1824.

The Druid described Pantaloon as "very profusely marked with black spots...on a very large scale, with a heavy neck and most beautiful legs....He was rather proud and odd with strangers" and "...had a curious hatred to a boy or a dog, and a peculiar partiality to a grey mare." He was, said The Druid, "the beau ideal of Englishmen as well as foreigners."

Pantaloon was purchased as a yearling by Thomas W. Giffard, whose family had lived at Chillington, near Brewood and Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, since 1100 A.D., and as Catholics, had supported and actively aided Charles II during the civil war. Giffard, who owned vast tracts of land in Staffordshire, was a racing enthusiast who helped support and develop racing in the Midlands, and served as steward at Ludford, Lichfield, Wolverhampton, Liverpool and other venues in the region. His sister, Caroline, married the notorious John (Jack) Mytton, a MFH and sportsman -- and alcoholic -- who squandered his entire and considerable inheritance on horses and the attendant gambling, dying in prison as a debtor at age 38 "from a disease on the brain." Mytton's estranged wife, Caroline, died seven years later, leaving five children behind. Giffard never had many horses racing at one time, usually two or three per year, at most, and usually confined to the Midlands venues he was supporting.

Pantaloon on the Turf

Pantaloon debuted in March (1827) of his three-year-old year at the Anson Hunt meeting at Lichfield, winning a 100 sovereign match against Mexican (by Manfred) at even weights over a mile. At Cheltenham he won a produce sweepstakes over 1-1/4 miles, beating his sole opponent, the filly Clematis, giving her 3 pounds. At Derby, trailing in the wake of Giffard's other horse that year, Leviathan, who won the Derby Gold Cup, Pantaloon won the Devonshire Stakes (1-1/2 miles), beating Loraine, the only other runner. Two days later at Derby he won a sweepstakes for three-year-olds over 1-1/2 miles, beating Loraine, a filly by Magistrate, and Blaze. At Warwick he beat Edmund Yates' Sharpshooter, probably his stiffest competition to that date, in the St. Leger Stakes; only two ran. A few days later, also at Warwick, he won the Town Plate (2 mile heats), carrying 7 st.-9 lbs., beating Chesterfield (age 4, 8 st.-11 lbs.) and Alecto (aged, 9 st.-7 lbs.). At Lichfield, he won a plate (2 mile heats) against a filly by Filho da Puta and a colt named Sceptre, but was disqualified for being short on weight.

That was it for Pantaloon's turf career. He was unbeaten in seven starts at age three, albeit disqualified in the last race. His races were all at country venues against small fields.

Pantaloon in the Stud

Pantaloon retired to stud at Chillington at a fee of 10 sovereigns. In 1832 he was purchased by Robert, (2nd) Earl Grovesnor, (first) Marquess Westminster, "a wonderful cheap bargain...at 600 guineas, which would never have been given but for the strong entreaties of [John] Nutting, the then stud-groom." He was installed at the Westminster stud farm at Eaton, in Cheshire, joining the stallions Conductor and Filho-da-Puta. A few years later Westminster's St. Leger winner, Touchstone, who crossed on Pantaloon daughters to great effect, joined the stallion roster.

Most of Pantaloon's winners were bred in his thirteen years at Eaton. By the mid 1840s, it was clear that Touchstone was a blockbuster sire, who had already sired three winners of five classic races, including two Derby winners; he had been at the top of the leading sires list in 1842 and '43 (and would top it again in 1848 and 1855). Pantaloon, while useful, and usually within the top twenty sires in England, never approached those heights, although he was third on the sires list (behind Orlando and Venison) posthumously in 1851. Also, by the mid-'40s, Eaton, a semi-closed stud, was saturated with Pantaloon daughters, and with Touchstone clearly a superior stallion, there was not much use for Pantaloon.

In 1845, Lord John Scott's stud-groom, John Hemming, at Eaton to look at mares for sale, discovered Pantaloon could be had for lease, and advised Scott to secure him. Lord John Scott was an extremely active sportsman that developed a reputation in punt shooting, otter and fox hunting, cricket, and, of course, horse racing. His horses were trained by the veteran John Day. Pantaloon was leased for 150 guineas -- two years later raised to 200 guineas -- and went to Scott's Cawston Lodge Stud, near Rugby, Warwickshire, in the spring of 1845. He died there, in October of 1850, age 26, and was buried beneath the holly trees near the stables.

Pantaloon got two classic winners when at Eaton, SATIRIST and GHUZNEE. At Cawston Lodge he got a third, Two Thousand Guineas winner HERNANDEZ. Pantaloon's son, WINDHOUND, bred at Cawston, carried on the sire line by getting Derby winner Thormanby, whose Two Thousand Guineas winning son, Atlantic, went to France, where he got the influential stallion, Le Sancy; the sire line came back to the U.K. with Le Sancy's son, Roi Herode, who got the famous spotted grey flyer, The Tetrarch. Another son, THE LIBEL, got Traducer, an extremely influential stallion in New Zealand. Pantaloon's daughters, especially those retained at Eaton, were excellent matrons that had a long-lasting influence on the breed. Some of his sons were also good broodmare sires.

Cardinal Puff
Cardinal Puff
One of Pantaloon's earliest sons was CARDINAL PUFF (1834, out of Puff, by Waterloo), bred and raced by Westminster, and he served notice Pantaloon had promise as a stallion. As a juvenile he won the Two Year Old Stakes at Doncaster; at age three he took a walk-over for Doncaster's Gascoigne Stakes and was second in the Doncaster Cup to Don John. In 1838, age four, he pretty much dominated the Holywell Hunt meeting, winning the one mile Mostyn Stakes, the two mile Mostyn Handicap, beating Birdlime and Wentworth, and the three mile Holywell Hunt Plate, beating Birdlime, and took a walk-over for both the Pengwern Stakes and the Post Stakes. That year he also won the Heaton Park Gold Cup, and was second to Harkaway in the two mile Queen's Plate at Doncaster, and to Jagger in the Manchester Gold Cup, with twelve in the field.

At age five CARDINAL PUFF won the Tradesmen's Plate at Chester (Chester Gold Cup), beating a field of seventeen, including the grand Irish-bred Harkaway, carrying 9 st. - 3 lbs.; the Newton Gold Cup, and the four mile Doncaster Queen's Plate. CARDINAL PUFF was sold as a stallion to Austria.

DRONE (1835, from Decoy, by Filho-da-Puta), was also bred at Eaton. His dam, Decoy, also produced SLEIGHT-OF-HAND (1836), VAN AMBURGH (1838), LEGERDEMAIN (1846), and PLOT (1849) to the cover of Pantaloon. She was also the dam of Phryne (1840, by Touchstone) -- who, in Lord John Scott's Cawston Lodge Stud near Rugby, later produced a number of foals to the cover of Pantaloon -- and her siblings Thais (1841) and Two Thousand Guineas winner Flatcatcher (1845). Sold to W. Jones, and then passing through the hands of Mr. Meiklam, Joseph Dawson and Isaac Sadler, DRONE'S wins included the Beeston Castle Stakes (1-1/2 miles) at Chester, beating The Potentate and two others; the Borough Members' Plate at Wolverhampton, beating four others; and Goodwood's Inkeeper's Plate; his second placings included the Wrexham Gold Cup, to Gasparoni, with two others in the field, the three-mile Queen's Plate at Manchester to The Potentate, and the three-mile Queen's Plate at Shrewsbury to Heron. He broke down during the running of the Runnymeade Stakes (3/4 of a mile, heats) at age six.

Odd Trick
Odd Trick by Sleight-of-Hand
Decoy also produced SLEIGHT-OF-HAND (1836), who won Doncaster's Foal Stakes at age three, and was second in the Queen's Plate at Ascot. The next year he won the 1 mile - 2 furlong Liverpool Summer Cup. He was purchased by Sir Tatton Sykes for £300, and spent his life as a stallion at Sledmere in Yorkshire, putting "substance" and speed on his foals. His best offspring included Grey Tommy (1849, from a Comus mare), and Brother to Grey Tommy (Goodwood's Craven Stakes); Katerfelto (1852, out of a Hampton mare, winner of Epsom's Two Year Old Stakes); and another big chestnut with a blaze and stocking, Odd Trick (1854, from a sister to Leaconfield, by Hampton), winner of the Cambridgeshire Stakes in 1857.

SLEIGHT-OF-HAND'S main contribution to the breed, however, was through his almost numberless, unnamed daughters bred at Sledmere, who were the dams of St. Giles (1854, Great Northampton Stakes, Shrewsbury Handicap, later leading sire in Germany), Elcho (1858, winner of the Great Metropolitan Handicap and the Goodwood Stakes, The Knave (1859, from Trickstress, Liverpool Summer Cup winner), Mail Train (1861, from Celerity, Ascot Gold Vase winner), Foresight (1864, Liverpool Spring Cup winner), Adonis (1867, from Legerdemain (not the mare by Pantaloon), winner of the Cambridgeshire and the Deutsches Derby), and many daughters that bred on in tail-female.

Decoy's third Pantaloon son was VAN AMBURGH (1838), who was raced by Westminster. He ran second to Coronation in the 1841 Epsom Derby in a huge field of 29 horses; Westminster had declared to win with Marshal Soult, his other colt in the race, but that horse was never in it. That year VAN AMBURGH won Ascot's Buckenham Palace Stakes, and at Doncaster was not placed in the St. Leger, but won the Gascoigne Stakes and took a walk-over for the Foal Stakes.

Decoy's Pantaloon daughter, LEGERDEMAIN (1846) won the Cesarewitch Stakes handicap (2 miles-2 furlongs) and the 1-1/2 mile Manchester Cup, among other races. LEGERDEMAIN later produced the bleeder Toxophilite (1855 by Longbow), a good winner of nine races -- including Ascot's Derby Stakes (King Edward VII Stakes, 1-1/2 miles) -- in thirteen starts. Toxophilite ensured his place in pedigrees by getting Musket, winner of nine races, including the Ascot Stakes over two miles, and sire of Two Thousand Guineas and Doncaster Cup winner Petronel, and in New Zealand, the good runner and stallion Trenton and the great Carbine. Toxophilite was also the sire of the grand filly Belphoebe (1874, winner of the One Thousand Guineas, Coronation Stakes, Liverpool Autumn Cup and Manchester November Handicap), of Royal George (1870, winner of Epsom's Great Metropolitan Handicap over 2 miles), of Goodwood Stakes winner Prince George (1873), of Goodwood Stakes winner Bay Archer, and of Park Hill Stakes winner The White Duck. LEGERDEMAIN was also the dam of One Thousand Guineas winner Sagitta (1857), second dam of Irish Derby winner Trickstress (1869) through which the female line continued with stakes winners through the twentieth century.

SATIRIST (1838), bred at Eaton, was out of Sarcasm (Half-sister to Touchstone), by Teniers. Teniers was a son of Rubens, making SATIRIST in-bred to Buzzard through his sire and dam. Sarcasm's dam was the excellent broodmare, Banter (1826, by Lechmere Charlton's stallion Master Henry), also the dam of Touchstone (1831, by Camel), and his brother Launcelot (1837), both winners of the Doncaster St. Leger. At Eaton, Banter was also bred to Pantaloon, and to his cover produced four daughters that bred on. SATIRIST was the first of Pantaloon's classic winners, and a versatile horse that could win over 8 furlongs and over two miles. He stood 15.2 hands when grown, with a flat croup and was somewhat vertical in the shoulder and pasterns. He was sold to Germany not long after his career on the turf was done; he is not seen in the pedigrees of principal winners in that country.

SATIRIST ran twice as a juvenile, and did not place in either race, the Champagne Stakes at Doncaster, won by the filly Kedge, or in the Two Year Old Stakes at the same meeting, won by Belgrade, by Belshazzar. The next season was a different story. He ran six times, won three races, took two walk-overs, and placed third once. At Chester he walked-over for the Dee Stakes, and then won the Palatine Stakes, beating the fillies Louisa and Nightshade, both by Sir Hercules, with one other in the field. At Ascot he took the Ascot Gold Vase, receiving 34 pounds from and so beating the great Lanercost, then six years old, and four others in the field, and then took a walk-over for the St. James's Palace Stakes. At Liverpool, although favorite for the St. Leger, he was third to Middleham, by Muley-Moloch and Prince Caradoc, by The Colonel, with three others in the field. At Doncaster he won the St. Leger, beating Coronation by a short head, with Pagan (by Muley Moloch) third, and eight others, including the Pantaloon son, VAN AMBURGH, also running.

At age four, SATIRIST ran nine times, and won twice, and placed second twice. He did not place in the Chester Cup, won by Alice Hawthorn, with nineteen in the field. At Epsom he was second to Lucy Banks, who would win the Goodwood Stakes the next year, in the Craven Stakes (1-1/2 miles), beating nine others. At Ascot he took the Trial Stakes (Queen Anne Stakes, 8 furlongs), beating Meal by two lengths, and five others, and then went on to place second in the two-mile Queen's Plate, won by Ajax, both carrying 9 st.-2 lbs. He won the Croxteth Stakes at Liverpool, beating The Shadow by a length, with two others running, but did not place in the July Cup, won by Vulcan, or the Stand Cup, won by St. Lawrence. At Doncaster he divided the forfeits in the Doncaster Stakes with the gelded Master Thomas. His last race, at Wrexham, carrying 9 st., he was beaten by the filly Valentina, by Speculator, carrying 6 st.-12 lbs. That was the end of his race career. As a stallion he made little contribution to the breed; he got The Black Prince (1847, from Mermaid, by Whalebone), a winner of the Union-Rennen.

SATIRIST'S dam, Sarcasm, also produced three sisters to SATIRIST: IRONY (1839), MYSTERY (1840) and an unnamed PANTALOON MARE (1845). IRONY, sold to Thomas Mostyn, won some races, including the Shropshire Stakes (1-1/2 mile heats) at Oswestry and Wrexham's Town Plate (two mile heats), beating five others. MYSTERY was later second dam of Oberon (1861), a winner of the Henckel-Rennen. The PANTALOON MARE later produced Lambourn (1854) to the cover of Loup-Garou; Lambourn was a good juvenile that won Chester's Mostyn Stakes and Goodwood's Molecomb Stakes, and placed second in Goodwood's Lavant Stakes and Doncaster's Champagne Stakes.

Banter's (Sarcasm's dam) Pantaloon produce included: MOTLEY (1835), JOCOSE (1843), an unnamed PANTALOON MARE (1844) and RAILLERY (1846). Westminster's MOTLEY, who took a walk-over for the Produce Stakes at Liverpool, later bred Liverpool Spring Cup winner Llanforda (1850, by Bran); her tail-female line continued in Ireland, with several Irish classic winners, and more recently Shangamuzo (1973), winner of the Doncaster and Ascot Gold Cups. JOCOSE, a winner of two races in four starts at age four, her only season on the turf, bred to Sweetmeat, produced the Derby and Two Thousand Guineas winner Macaroni (1860), later a noted sire of fillies and broodmares. Macaroni's half-sister, Flippant (1867) bred on; she was dam of Flibustier (1887), a winner of the Prix Daru and tail female ancestress of Polynesian (1942), Air Forbes Won (1979), and other good ones. The unnamed PANTALOON MARE is seen tail-female in the pedigree of the Melbourne Cup winner and excellent Australian stallion Grand Flaneur (1877, by Yattendon), and of the U.S. runner and stallion Double Jay (1944, by Balladier). RAILLERY, a winner at Newmarket as a juvenile for Colonel Anson, bred Lord of the Vale (1863), winner of the Gimcrack Stakes, Repartee (1859, by Orlando), a moderately good runner that bred on, and Lady Melbourne (1852), whose tail-female line also produced useful winners.

Hobbie Noble
Hobbie Noble
HOBBIE NOBLE (1849) was born at Cawston Lodge, and named by the Scotsman Lord John Scott after a famous English border reiver of Queen Elizabeth I's era, who joined forces with a Scots border clan to rescue one of their own from the English; afterwards he was betrayed to the English and hung at Carlisle. The story is commemorated in several old border ballads, and a poem by Sir Walter Scott.

HOBBIE'S dam, the good producer Phryne ( a half-sister to DRONE, SLEIGHT-OF-HAND, VAN AMBURGH and LEGERDEMAIN and full sister to Two Thousand Guineas winner Flatcatcher), by Touchstone, was bred at Eaton and raced for Westminster. According to The Druid, John Nutting, the Eaton stud groom suggested to John Hemming, Lord John Scott's stud manager, that he purchase her at the Westminster 1845 sale, and when the mare Hemming was originally considering "did not suit," he got Phryne for 70 guineas, refusing to re-sell her for an additional ten guineas. He had met jockey and trainer Bill Scott, who advised him that he had purchased "...a mare fit to breed you a winner of the three events if she's only used right," and so decided to keep her, and "she was always the pet mare" at Cawston. That year Hemming also advised Lord John Scott to lease Pantaloon from Lord Westminster, and Pantaloon was installed at Cawston Lodge, never to return to Eaton.

In addition to HOBBIE, at Cawston Phryne also produced ELTHIRON (1846), WINDHOUND (1847), MISERRIMA (1848) and THE REIVER (1850) to the cover of Pantaloon, and, after Pantaloon's death, Rambling Katie (1852, by Melbourne) and Katherine Logie (1853, by The Flying Dutchman), the latter two fillies successfully carrying on her tail-female line to the present.

HOBBIE NOBLE was, said, The Druid, "in all his points, so extremely handsome, and to the eye so very beautiful that Her Majesty sent for him a second time to the front of the Royal Stand at Ascot." After his retirement to stud, he won the first prize at the Royal Agricultural Society's Salisbury meeting as a hunter sire: "...a great deal of power and style about him, a good neck and shoulder, capital deep barrel, strong quarters, but still rather light in the thighs. Taken altogether he is a remarkably fine animal, and a particularly well-topped horse, but with a somewhat wicked head, and not, we fancy to be trifled with." As a colt, although "no one ever saw him in the company of other horses...he would come readily to a whistle, after the manner of a dog, His Lordship would often take his friends out after dinner, and whistle for him to come to the garden gate to be inspected."

HOBBIE, running for Scott, won Ascot's New Stakes as a juvenile, beating his near-relative Grey Tommy (by SLEIGHT OF HAND), Kingston, Buckthorn, and seven other good ones. He went on to annex the July Stakes at Newmarket by two lengths "in a canter," beating four youngsters. Then, despite his fondness for the colt, Scott sold him for a record price of six thousand guineas to another Scotsman, the wealthy James Merry, who was just embarking on his career as a serious race horse owner. He was sent to train with William Saunders at Hednesford, with the eyes of his new owner and trainer on the Derby.

The Derby of 1852 was one of the wettest on record, and the ground was "fetlock deep." The best HOBBIE could do was fourth to the mud-loving Daniel O'Rourke and two really indifferent horses, and many, including The Druid, felt it was "beyond all doubt that Hobbie Noble was drugged on the eve of the Derby, and that was 'how they squared him." Nothing was ever proved, but at the time one of Saunders' clients was the notorious (human) poisoner and reckless gambler, Dr. William Palmer (owner of the Faugh-a-Ballagh colt, Goldfinder), who was convicted and hung for murder in 1856; an engraving illustrating how Hobbie was poisoned, with Palmer and a groom dosing the horse with bottles was published in the sporting press, inflaming the rumors.

HOBBIE was reportedly never the same after the Derby, but he still did well the rest of that season. He took a walk-over for the Albany Stakes at Ascot and ran third in the Emperor's Plate (Ascot Gold Cup) to Joe Miller. At Goodwood he was fourth in Kingston's Goodwood Cup, with Little Harry second, Teddington third, and Newminster and other good ones in the field. At Doncaster he took the Don Stakes, and at Newmarket First October he won the Triennial, beating Adine (by Slane) in a canter, with the Derby winner Daniel O'Rourke third and three others running. At Newmarket Houghton he was second to Knight of the Shire in the Cambridgeshire, in a field of thirty-one horses. His last race that season, at Epsom, was the Autumn Handicap, where he failed to place in a field of seven.

The next year, 1853, was a disaster for HOBBIE. He did not place in Epsom's Trial Stakes, won by Lascelles, by Touchstone; or in Ascot's Royal Hunt Cup, won by The Friar; or in Goodwood's Bentinck Memorial Stakes, won by Poodle, or in a fourth race, and, after these disappointing showings, he was retired from the turf. He stood at stud at Willesden Paddocks for two seasons, and then, purchased by Thomas Groves, primarily a hunter breeder, he stood at Plompton Hall, Knaresborough, and then was leased to Ireland. In England he was the sire of Merryman (1856), a good juvenile that won Epsom's Woodcote Stakes, the Biennial at Bath, and was third in Doncaster's Champagne Stakes. In 1861 he was leading sire in Ireland (progeny earnings), with five winners of eleven races, including his juvenile filly, Feud, winner of the Curragh's Two Year Old Race, and his daughter Testy, winner of the Anglesey Stakes. Another Irish daughter, Ophelia (1859) won the second class of the 7 furlong Madrid Handicap for three-year-olds in 1862. Back in England at Cawston, he got Kangaroo (1862), a winner of the Newmarket Biennial in 1865.

The Reiver
The Reiver
HOBBIE'S brother, THE REIVER (1850), who was retained by Scott, won Newmarket's July Stakes, and at age three took the St. James's Palace Stakes at Ascot and was second to West Australian in the Doncaster St. Leger, beating Rataplan, Balrownie and other good ones. He was, according to one turf commentator, "one of the most savage horses ever stripped."

Their sister, MISERRIMA (1848), sporting a crooked white blaze, although nowhere in five of her six races at age two, won Ascot's Triennial that year for Scott, beating thirteen other juveniles, and at age three was second to Iris in the Epsom Oaks, beating 13 other good fillies. She later produced Moestissima (1854, by Pyrrhus the First), winner of the Triennial at Newmarket at age two, and at age three second in Doncaster's Park Hills Stakes and the Cambridgeshire Stakes handicap, and third in the Epsom Oaks. When James Merry purchased most of Scott's stable and stud in 1857-58, the filly Cannobie (by Melbourne) and MISSERIMA, "a good, fair mare" of whom Scott was "very fond" were the only ones retained at Cawston; Phryne, Catherine Hayes, Blanche of Middlebie and the rest all went to Merry's Russley stables. MISSERIMA'S tail-female line eventually went to Uruguay where it produced successful winners.

Phryne's other two Pantaloon foals were more significant to the breed. ELTHIRON (1846), the eldest of the five, trained by John Fobert at Middleham, Yorkshire (also trainer of The Flying Dutchman and Van Tromp) for Lord Eglinton, won Ascot's Triennial Stakes as a juvenile, Liverpool's Derby Handicap and Eglinton Park's Trial Stakes (and a walk-over in Eglinton Park's Stand Plate) at age three, Newcastle's Northumberland Plate at age four, and the City and Suburban at Epsom at age five. He was sold to France as a stallion, where he got Beauvais (1857), winner of the Prix du Jockey Club and the Prix de l'Empereur, and he was dam's sire of PeripetiČ (1866, by Sting), winner of the Prix de Diane and the Poule des Produits (Prix Daru) at age three, and Fidelia (1865, by Sting), a winner of the Liverpool Summer Cup.

Phryne's Pantaloon son WINDHOUND (1847), "...immense in his power and blood-like...but...those quarters and hind legs are not liked..." won the Caversham Handicap (6 furlongs) at Reading at age three, and not much else. Retired as a stallion at Cawston Lodge, replacing Pantaloon, he stood alongside the famous Melbourne, and later Birdcatcher, who spent some time there. He had a penchant for getting loose and raising havoc with the broodmares at Cawston. Bred to the famous dual Doncaster Cup winner, Alice Hawthorn, he got Lady Hawthorn (1854), a winner of York's Convivial Stakes as a juvenile. Other good ones followed, including Defender, from another good mare, Ellen Horne, by Redshank (later dam of the excellent producer Paradigm and of Rouge Rose, the dam of Bend Or), who ran second in the 1859 Doncaster St. Leger; the half-bred Scent, winner of three races and second (by half a length) in the 1859 Epsom Oaks, and Cecilia, second in the Chesterfield Cup. His daughter Lufra produced the 1877 Grand National Steeplechase winner, Austerlitz (1872 by Rataplan).

In 1856, when Alice Hawthorn failed to take with Melbourne, she was put to WINDHOUND, and the next year dropped Thormanby, who won the Derby and other good races, especially at age two, and was leading sire in Great Britain in 1869 due largely to his own good juveniles. Thormanby continued Pantaloon's sire line by getting Two Thousand Guineas winner Atlantic (1871, out of Hurricane, by Wild Dayrell), who in France got the great Le Sancy -- France's nearest equivalent to St. Simon. The Pantaloon sire line, and so the Herod line, came back to Britain, with Le Sancy's son, Roi Herode, the sire of "the spotted wonder," The Tetrarch, whose grey coat showed the black blotches displayed by Pantaloon six generations earlier. Thormanby also got some excellent daughters, including Rouge Rose, the dam of Bend Or, who also sported some black blotches or spots in his golden chestnut coat.

In 1857-58 WINDHOUND went to James Merry's Russley Park stable at Lambourn, along with most of Scott's runners, and Scott's trainer, Matthew Dawson, when Scott dispersed most of his stud and stables. At Russley WINDHOUND got Duke of York (1863), a winner of the Newmarket October Handicap at age three, and Staghound (1863), who took Ascot's St. James's Palace Stakes in 1866.

Other Pantaloon Sons

Other Pantaloon sons included HERNANDEZ (1848), THE LIBEL (1842), MORPETH (1838), SIR RALPH (1835) and LORD MAYOR (1836).

HERNANDEZ (1848, from Black Bess, by Camel) was bred by Colonel George Anson (owner of the 1844 Oaks winner, The Princess) and sold to G.S. Byng, Lord Enfield (later Earl of Strafford), a former confederate of Col. Jonathan Peel (see Ion portrait) who had his horses in training at Goodwood. Anson and Byng had been joint stewards of the Jockey Club together. At age three HERNANDEZ won the rich Riddlesworth Stakes and the Two Thousand Guineas at Newmarket, the Gratwicke Stakes and another good stakes at Goodwood, and the Newmarket Triennial. He later got some winners, including Huntingdon, a winner of the Chesterfield Stakes and the Lincolnshire Handicap. He was purchased by M. Leroy for the French government, but did not make much of a mark as a stallion there.

THE LIBEL (1842, from Pasquinade (sister to Touchstone), by Camel), was a big sixteen hand horse when grown, bred by Westminster, who had also bred his dam. Pasquinade produced several other foals to the cover of Pantaloon, including WARRIOR (1843), and two daughters, SLANDER (1844) and CARICATURE (1846). THE LIBEL was purchased as a yearling by A.W. Hill. At age three he was unplaced in The Merry Monarch's Derby, being part of the fracus involving Alarm, but at Chester he won the Chester St. Leger, beating nine others, including Miss Elis, and at Ascot he won the Trial Stakes (Queen Anne Stakes, 8 furlongs) beating seven by two lengths, The Visitor's Plate by two lengths, beating eleven others, and was second in the Ascot Gold Vase to another of Hill's horses, Sweetmeat. He was unplaced in the Goodwood Stakes, and paid a forfeit at York, and that was the end of his turf career.

THE LIBEL, later said to have a temper, spent his stud life at Sledmere stud in Yorkshire, where SLEIGHT-OF-HAND also stood, but was "sadly underutilized," despite the presence, at one point, of over 150 broodmares at the Sledmere paddocks. Still, he got Bribery, winner of the Goodwood Stakes in 1854 and the Grand Stand Plate at Brighton, and later dam of St. Leger winner St. Albans (sire of Springfield); Truth, winner of the 1851 Cambridgeshire Stakes handicap and later second dam of the Grand National Steeplechase winner Old Joe; Scandal (1855), an important foundation broodmare in Australia; Traducer, and The Lawyer.

Traducer (1857) won the Wynnstay Handicap at Chester, and nothing else and was exported to New Zealand, where he was the dominant stallion for over a decade, and had a profound impact on racing and breeding in Australasia; in addition to winners of all the big races in New Zealand and a bevy of significant colonial-bred mares, he got Sir Modred (1877) that became a champion sire in the U.S. The Lawyer (1858), out of a half-bred Hampton mare, was born at Sledmere and sold as a yearling to Mr. Cliff. The Lawyer won twenty-five races, including the Wolverhampton Stakes, the Royal Whip at the Curragh, and fifteen Queen's Plates; he stood briefly at Preston Montford, near Shrewsbury, at 10 guineas, then at Stanton, Shifnal, Shropshire, and then went to stud in Ireland, where he got the 1881 Grand National Steeplechase winner Woodbrook, Lord Chancellor (twice winner of the Grand Sefton Steeplechase), The Solicitor (twice winner of the Scottish Grand National) and other good horses.

SIR RALPH (1835, from Basilisk by Blucher) bred and raced by Westminster, at age three won Chester's Dee Stakes and the Liverpool St. Leger, and took a walk-over for the Palatine Stakes, and ran second in the Manchester St. Leger. The next year he won a sweepstakes at Manchester and took the Holywell Hunt Plate. LORD MAYOR (1836, from Honeymoon by Filho da Puta), also bred and initially raced by the Marquis, but then sold on, won Doncaster's Gascoigne Stakes and the Mostyn Stakes at Holywell Hunt at age three; at age five he won the Horwich 2-1/4 mile Tradesmen's Cup, beating two others, and was second in the two mile Knutsford Gold Cup to Lady Grove, with five in the field. Neither horse had influence as a stallion.

MORPETH (1838) was a long-running horse that passed through several hands; his wins included the North Shropshire Stakes over a mile in two heats, beating seven others, the Queen's Plate at the Curragh at age five, and a match against Nix-My-Dolly at Chester at age seven; after that he was put over hurdles.

Pantaloon's Daughters

Pantaloon's daughters did not measure up to his sons on the turf, but as a group they were superior in the breeding shed, and many produced good runners that were later good stallions, as well as daughters whose tail-female branches are still active. JOCOSE, the dam of Macaroni, and LEGERDEMAIN, dam of Toxophilite, have already been noted. Pantaloon daughters also produced Leamington, four-time champion sire in the U.S.; Two Thousand Guineas winner Lord of the Isles and his brother, Lord of the Hills, a good stallion in Australia; Prime Minister, and Young Melbourne, sire of a classic winner and daughters that produced classic winners and top steeplechasers.

EMILY (1832, from Elizabeth, by Mango) was a long-running mare for W. Jones, who also raced DRONE. At age four she was unbeaten, winning the Whip Stakes in heats at Birmingham, the Patshull Stakes (2 mile heats) and the Chillington Stakes (2 mile heats) at Brewood, and the South Shropshire Stakes at Shifnal (1-1/2 mile heats, beating seven). At age six she won the Borough Stakes at Knighton and the Ham Stakes (1-1/2 mile heats) at Upton-on-Severn. She produced two good daughters, Osprey (1843, by Birdcatcher) and The Irish Queen (1845, by Harkaway); the latter bred Goodwood Cup winner Sweetsauce (1857, by Sweetmeat), and was second dam of Lozenge (1862, by Sweetmeat), winner of the Cambridgeshire Stakes.

BROCADE (1834, from Bombasine, by Thunderbolt), bred by Westminster, was a modest winner, taking a walk-over for the Produce Sweepstakes at Shrewsbury and placing second in a Produce sweep at Wrexham as a juvenile . She bred four live foals before her sale to the Cape of Good Hope in 1844, in foal to Slane, but she died during the voyage. Her daughter, Cinizelli (1842), by Touchstone, turned out to be a high-class producer. Her daughter, Marchioness (1852, by Melbourne), won the Epsom Oaks. Cinizelli's son The Marquis (1859, by Stockwell), won the Two Thousand Guineas and Doncaster St. Leger, and many other good races; he was sold to Australia, where he got good runners, including the in-bred (to Pantaloon) Newminster (1873, from Spa, by Leamington), later twice leading sire in Australia. Cinizelli also produced Towton (1850, by Melbourne), a useful runner that became a good stallion in New Zealand, and The Peer (1855, by Melbourne), also purchased to New Zealand, where he got the top New Zealand runners of the 1860s, Manuka, Peeress, and Mainsail, and was later a stallion in Australia.

ISABEL (1834, out of Larissa, by Trafalgar), was another Eaton product retained by Westminster. Her first foal was the amazing mare, The Widow (1839, by Abbas Mirza), sold at age three to Mr. Knowles, who drove her in a gig until she was seven years old, and then decided to race her, virtually untrained, in the Hackwood Stakes at Basingstoke. Sold to a Mr. Ricardo for £40, he rode her to second place (carrying 11 st. - 2 lbs.) behind Collingwood in the Amateur Stakes at Egham, with Stepney third, both her opponents pretty good runners. In 1847, age eight, she was third to Bishop of Romford's Cob and African in the Wokingham Stakes at Ascot, beating six others. She did not place in Goodwood's Stewards' Cup, but she did win the Anglesey Stakes there, beating two others. Purchased by J.L. Crommelin, she went to Newmarket Houghton where she won the Cambridgeshire Stakes handicap by two lengths, beating Doncaster Cup winner War Eagle, Collingwood and thirty four others! At age nine she won a stakes at Newmarket Houghton, beating nine others, but couldn't place three other times, and was sold again, to Viscount Clifden. At age ten, 1849, she did not place at Ascot, but was second in Liverpool's Derby Handicap, beaten by ELTHIRON, and after three more unsuccessful races, was mercifully retired from the turf. The Widow never bred anything of note, but her half-sister, Anne Page (1842, by Touchstone) produced Manchester Cup winner Herne, and another sister, Claribel (1844, by Touchstone), produced Woodcote Stakes winner Restes (1857).

PANTOMINE (1838, from the good staying mare Souvenir, by Orville), bred by the Duke of Portland and raced by Mr. Denham, won the Palatine Stakes and placed third in the Dee Stakes at Chester, won a one-mile sweepstakes at Liverpool, took a walk-over in the Foal Stakes and received a forfeit in the Penwern Stakes at Holywell Hunt in six starts. At age three she won three races -- the Luldlow Gold Cup, beating two older horses, Ludlow's Borough Stakes (heats), beating five, and the Sidbury Stakes over 5 furlongs at Worcester. Her second placings that year included second to Wardan in the Warwick Queen's Plate (2 mile heats), with five in the field, and second in the Brownlow Stakes at Lincoln (1 mile heats). She had one foal in England before being sold, in foal to Lanercost, to Count Bramitzky and sent to Poland in July of 1845.

GHUZNEE (1838), was out of the Cain daughter, Languish, a winner of Newmarket's Boudoir Stakes and the Epsom Gold Cup. Bred and raced by Westminster, GHUZNEE had a very brief career on the turf, winning the Epsom Oaks, her first race, by a length, beating twenty-one other fillies. She took a walk-over for the Coronation Stakes at Ascot, and that was it. According to The Druid, "had it been known what a sad condition her legs were, between Epsom and Ascot, she would never have been allowed to walk over for the Coronation Stakes." Her condition, he said, was that given a fortnight's rest in her box after Ascot, upon being taken out, "her sinews were found to be quite crooked, and she was taken out of training." At Eaton she produced a number of foals to the cover of Touchstone, including Assault (1845), a winner of Doncaster's Champagne Stakes and Ascot's New Stakes. Several of her daughters continued the tail-female line into the present, with too many stakes winners to name.

PANTANOLADE (1839, from Festival, by Camel) became the dam of Prime Minister (1848, by Melbourne), winner of his two races as a juvenile, including the Clearwell Stakes at Newmarket. Although he placed third in the Queen's Vase at Ascot at age three, he was really best at a mile or less, winning shorter races at Manchester, Wolverhampton, and Derby that year. At age four he won Newmarket's Port Stakes, and races at Newton and Ludlow, with seconds in Northampton's Earl Spencer's Plate, Worcester's County Stakes, and York's County Plate, and was unplaced in three races. At ages five, six and seven he was unplaced in all his races and was retired to stud. He got Knight of the Garter (1864), a winner of the Chester Cup, and some daughters that bred on, including the half-bred Pastime (1857), a winner of six races at age three, including a Queen's Plate and a cup, and at age four the South Lancashire Stakes and the Newton Gold Cup. Pastime later produced Pucelle, a winner of Queen's Plates at ages three and four, and dam of several good winners, including Kingfisher, winner of the Doncaster Handicap and Esher Stakes and later a sire of some famous cross-country horses.

An unnamed PANTALOON MARE (1841, out of Daphne, by Laurel), was bred at Eaton; she was half-sister to Koh-I-Noor (1851, by The Provost), born after Daphne was sold to Germany, a winner of the Union-Rennen. Sold to Mr. Halford, as a broodmare she produced the good distance horse, Leamington (1853, by Faugh-a-Ballagh), who was sold to the U.S., where he was leading sire four times, and got two sire sons, Longfellow and Iroquois, both also leading sires.

BIRTHDAY (1843, out of Honoria, by Camel), was bred by Westminster and sold to Sir Ralph Pigot. She produced a number of winners to different stallions, including Filius (1849, by Venison, second in the Two Thousand Guineas), and the speedy brothers Lupellus (1857) and Lupus (1858) by the Lanercost son, Loup-Garou. Lupellus' wins included Epsom's Two-Year-Old Stakes and Doncaster's Hopeful Stakes, and he placed second in the Woodcote Stakes. Lupus was second in the Ascot Biennial at age two, and won it at age three. BIRTHDAY'S daughter, Queen of Beauty (1854, by Melbourne), produced Panic (1858, by Alarm), a good racehorse in Australia and later an influential stallion based in Victoria. Queen of Beauty, and other Birthday daughters bred on into the present, with many classic winners in France, Germany and England.

FAIR HELEN (1843, a half-sister to Alice Hawthorn, from Rebecca, by Lottery) produced Lord of the Isles (1852, by Touchstone), winner of Goodwood's Lavant Stakes and a second race as a juvenile, and at age three the Two Thousand Guineas. His brother, Lord of the Hills (1854), was also a good juvenile, and sent to New South Wales at age six, was a prolific stallion, getting Glencoe (1864), winner of many big races in Victoria, including the Melbourne Cup, and other good runners in NSW, before going to Queensland, where his get included QTC Brisbane Cup winner Lord Clifden (1876).

Lord of the Isles, a good-tempered bright bay with white legs and a star, was bred at Sheffield Paddocks in Yorkshire and sold as a yearling to James Merry. He was trained by William Day at Woodyates, until after the Derby, when Merry, in a pique at Lord of the Hills running third to Wild Dayrell, removed his horses to Russley, to be trained by John Prince. Lord of the Isles was later a useful sire, whose son, Scottish Chief (1861) won the Ascot Gold Cup and other races, and was himself a good sire, particularly of broodmares, such as July Stakes winner Strathfleet (1875), Thistle and Mowerina. Thistle (1875) was dam of English Triple Crown winner Common and Coronation and Nassau Stakes winner Throstle. The sprinter Mowerina (1876), produced Derby and St. Leger winner Donovan and One Thousand Guineas winner Semolina.

FAIR HELEN'S daughter, Lady Macdonald (1858, by Touchstone), produced the Buccaneer daughter, Brigantine (1866), winner of the Epsom Oaks and the Ascot Gold Cup. Both Lady Macdonald and a FAIR HELEN daughter, Olga (1851, by Charles XII), established successful tail-female lines with many good stakes winners up to the present.

SLANDER (1844, out of Pasquinade, and so sister to THE LIBEL and THE WARRIOR), was owned by Lord George Bentinck and trained by John Kent, but midway through her juvenile season she was part of the entire Bentinck stables purchased in one group by Edward Lloyd Mostyn, although she was kept in training with Kent. She won Ascot's New Stakes, the Princes of Wales' Stakes at York (after purchase by Mostyn), beating a smart field of 20 other juveniles by a length, was second in Doncaster's Two-Year-Old Stakes, and won Newmarket's Rutland Stakes, breaking a blood vessel in the process. At age three she was second to Clementina in the One Thousand Guineas and Goodwood's Nassau Stakes, and second to Ellerdale in Doncaster's Park Hill Stakes; she was out of place in the Oaks. SLANDER was sold for a good price to Lord Clifden after her racing career was done, but was considered a failure as a broodmare, and went cheap when Clifden's horses were dispersed in 1859, purchased by Lord Falmouth. Her daughter, Hippodamia (1859, by Pelion), was a modest winner whose tail-female line bred on into the twentieth century. Another daughter, Celerrima (1862, by Stockwell), born in the famous Falmouth stud, won Ascot's Derby Stakes (King Edward VII Stakes, 1-1/2 miles); she later produced Grandmaster (1868, by Gladiateur, a highly successful stallion and broodmare sire in Australia, and Chaff (1880, by Wild Oats) Chaff was second dam of Goodwood Cup winner Rabelais (1900, by St. Simon), later a useful sire in France and Argentina, and Rabelais' sister, Simone (1904) sent the tail-female line forward into the twentieth century, that included Ascot Gold Cup winner Sheshoon (1956) and his half-brother, Prix du Jockey Club and Grand Prix de Paris winner Charlottesville.

CLARISSA (1846, from a Glencoe mare), was bred by Westminster and sold to Mr. Ford, and was later purchased by Charles Greville, for whom she raced. She won a sweep over the Abingdon Mile at Newmarket, and was second to Tiresome in the Newmarket Nursery Stakes as a juvenile, and won four of her seven starts at age three, including a sweepstakes for three-year-olds at Newmarket spring, beating Strongbow, Abd-el-Kader and other good ones, Goodwood's Nassau Stakes, beating four others, a sweepstakes at Newmarket October, and a 200 sovereign match over 1 mile-4 furlongs at Newmarket, beating the filly Grace by three lengths. She became the dam of the good stayer Clarissimus (1859, by Barbatus), and of Young Melbourne (1855, by Melbourne); the latter ran once and was injured, but became a good sire of such horses as Two Thousand Guineas and Doncaster Cup winner General Peel, and Grand Prix de Paris winner The Earl. Young Melbourne's daughters produced Grand Prix de Paris winner Minting, Irish Derby winner and Irish leading sire Ben Battle, and Quiver, the dam of the great racemare La Fleche. CLARISSA'S daughter, Lady Sefton (1861, by West Australian) was dam of Epsom Derby winner Sefton (1875).

OFFICIOUS (1847, out of Baleine by Whalebone) was bred and raced by the Duke of Richmond. She won five of her eight races as a juvenile, including the King John Stakes at Egham, beating three; the Buney Stakes and the Seffrington Stakes at Goodwood, the latter by five lengths; the Fernhill Stakes at Ascot, beating seven, and she took a walk-over for a sweepstakes at Newmarket October. At age three she won a sweepstakes at Newmarket for three-year-olds and the Stamford St. Leger, and took walk-overs in Ascot's Windsor Forest Stakes and the Sefton Stakes at Liverpool July. She was part of the band of broodmares purchased by Auguste Lupin when Richmond dispersed his stables, and was taken to France, where, to the cover of Dollar she produced Dami (1868) and Il Maestro (1869), both winners of the Grosser Preis von Baden, and Pergola (1860, by the imported The Baron), dam of Perla (1871, by Dollar), winner of the Grand Prix de Deauville and the Prix Morny. A number of good French, Italian and South American classic winners descended from OFFICIOUS in tail-female.

AGNES (1848, out of Black Agnes, by Velocipede), was bred by G.S. Foljambe, a Yorkshire-based sportsman who had bred Ellen Middleton, the dam of Wild Dayrell. Sold to Baron Mayer de Rothschild, she became part of the Mentmore broodmare band, where she produced a number of foals to the cover of King Tom. These included Queen of the Vale (1858), winner of Ascot's Fernhill Stakes at age two, and the Ascot Queen's Plate and Coronation Stakes at age three, and Evelina (1861), a good juvenile that won the Two-Year-Old Plate and the Exeter Stakes at Newmarket, Ascot's New Stakes, and placed third in the Criterion Stakes. Both mares had daughters that bred on through the twentieth century.

SABRA (1849, from Pione, by Voltaire), bred by Lord John Scott, won some handicaps at Newmarket. Bred to Derby winner Teddington, she produced Moulsey (1861), a long-running Cup horse that won the Cheshire Stakes, the Union Cup and Trafford Handicap at Manchester, Derby's Tradesman's Cup, Shrewsbury's Great Handicap, and the Newport Cup, among other races.

--Patricia Erigero, special thanks to Cathy Schenck for her assistance

PANTALOON, chestnut colt, 1824 - Family #17-a
ch. 1801
ch. 1787
ch. 1773
Miss Ramsden
br. 1775
Mare by Alexander
b. 1790
ch. 1782
Grecian Princess
Mare by Highflyer
b. 1780
Mare by Alfred
ch. 1815
b. 1806
Sir Peter Teazle
br. 1784
Mare by Boudrow
b. 1788
Mare by Squirrel
b. 1804
ch. 1783
Mare by Merlin
Maid of All Work
b. 1786
Mare by Syphon

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