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Chestnut colt, 1858.
By West Australian - *Emilia by Young Emilius

Godolphin Arabian sire line
Matchem Sire Line Quick Chart
Family 11

West Australian His sire, West Australian

By the mid-1800s, the male line of the Godolphin Arabian was in a dire state, and hopes of its survival rested with West Australian (by Melbourne) the English Triple Crown winner of 1853. West Australian succeeded in getting two sons to carry the line forward, Solon (1861), from which descended the European branch through Hurry On and his tribe; and *Australian (1858), from which descended the American branch of the line through Fair Play and Man O'War.

*Australian was bred in England by W.E. Duncombe and, with the assistance of Ten Broeck, was imported with his dam, *Emilia in 1858 by A. Keene Richards, an admirer of his sire, West Australian. Richards was the wealthiest man in the state and his stud, Blue Grass Park, was just outside of Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Originally named "Millington" (the village in Yorkshire where Mr. Duncombe lived), the chestnut colt was from one of the early crops of his sire, who was still an unknown quantity as a stallion. *Australian's English-bred half-sister, Cordelia (by Red Deer) was the dam of Thunderbolt (1857 by Stockwell).

Australian on the Turf

The colt broke his maiden first time out as a two-year-old in New Orleans in the Doswell Stakes (one mile heats). As a three-year-old, *Millington started seven times, winning only his first and last contest. Unplaced in his debut that season, in his next race, the Association Stakes (one mile heats) at Louisville on May 20, he placed third in the first heat, then fifth in the second. Four days later, in the Galt House Stakes (two mile heats) also at Louisville, he ran third. Moved to Lexington for the Association Stakes (one mile heats) on June 3, he placed behind Lillie Ward. Stepped up to two mile heats in the Citizen Stakes over a muddy Lexington course, he won the first heat, but was beaten by Kansas for the victory. Coming back in September in the Produce Stakes (mile heats), he was again second, and four days later, won straight heats at two miles in the second Produce Stakes.

Richards was sympathetic to the Southern cause, and at the outbreak of the Civil War, left his home in Kentucky (a border state) to live in Louisiana in the deep south. He took some of his stock with him to the Wellswood Plantation of his friend, Gen. Thomas J. Wells, breeder of the great colt Lecompte as well as his half-sister Prioress. Late in 1861, Richards sold some of his remaining Kentucky stock, including the three-year-old *Millington and his dam, *Emilia, to another friend, R.A. Alexander, owner of the famed Woodburn Stud. It has been suggested that the sale was actually a favor on behalf of Alexander, so that the colt could stay in Kentucky. Alexander, a Scottish national, exercised some immunity from the political turmoil and could effectively protect Richards' interest in the West Australian colt.

As a four-year-old, the colt, now known as *Australian, was third in a race at Lexington in his only start at four. Shortly thereafter, the horse was retired to stud at Alexander's Woodburn Stud in 1863. There he joined the premier stallion Lexington, who had already begun his long reign as the nation's leading sire of running stock. *Australian quickly established himself as an outstanding sire in his own right, although his career as a stallion was always overshadowed by that of Lexington's. He was the second leading sire (to Lexington) from 1871-1875, and again in 1877; also third in 1870 and fourth in 1868 and 1876. He sired 15 crops resulting in 246 offspring to race, which won 410 times.

Australian in the Stud

His greatest runner was SPENDTHRIFT (1876 out of Aerolite by Lexington), a champion at two and three and by far his best son at stud, siring Kingston, at one time the leading money winner and twice Leading Sire (1900, 1910), and Belmont Stakes winner Hastings, Leading Sire in 1902 and 1908, through which the male line continued with great success through his son Fair Play.

Zoo-Zoo Zoo-Zoo
Lizzie Lucas Lizzie Lucas
Maggie B.B. Maggie B.B.
Springbok Springbok
Fair Play led the sires' list three times (1920, 1924, 1927), and his greatest son, Man O'War led in 1926. Man O'War's son War Admiral led in 1945. Fair Play sired two other sons to top the sires' list, Chatterton (1932) and Chance Play (1935, 1944).

SPENDTHRIFT'S full brother FELLOWCRAFT (1870) was also a top runner, breaking Lexington's American record for four miles. Fellowcraft's most important offspring was his daughter Lady Reel (a half-sister to Domino), dam herself of of the champion runner and sire Hamburg. (A third brother, MISER, also appears as a sire in pedigrees.)

*Australian's good winners also included the champions BADEN-BADEN (Kentucky Derby), Springbok (Belmont Stakes), ZOO-ZOO (champion filly at 2), as well as JOE DANIELS (Belmont Stakes, famous for his match with Thad Stevens in California), HELMBOLD (Saratoga Cup), LIZZIE LUCAS (Monmouth Oaks), ATTILA (Travers), ASCENSION (Monmouth Oaks), WILDIDLE, RUTHERFORD, ALBERT, and MAGGIE B.B..

Besides SPENDTHRIFT and FELLOWCRAFT, his other good sire sons included WAVERLY, HARRY O'FALLON, MISER, ABD-EL-KADER, LEINSTER, JOE DANIELS, SPRINGBOK, and WILDIDLE (an early leading sire in California).

The queen among *Australian's daughters was MAGGIE B.B., dam of a string of great ones bred by Aristides Welch at Erdenheim Stud in Pennsylvania. The best of these was Iroquois (by *Leamington), winner of the Epsom Derby and St. Leger Stakes, and later a leading sire. Maggie B.B. also produced his brother, champion and Preakness winner Harold, as well as his sister Jaconet (dam of champion Sir Dixon), and half-brother Panique (by Alarm), winner of the Belmont Stakes.

Another *Australian daughter, IVY LEAF produced champion and sire Bramble (himself sire of Ben Brush); MAUDINA produced Preakness and Belmont winner Cloverbrook; FARFALETTA produced the champion and sire Falsetto as well as Kentucky Oaks winner Felicia; LETTY produced Preakness winner Refund; ADELE produced Belmont winner Belmar; SPIRIT produced Preakness winner Paul Kauvar; AUSTRIA produced Alabama Stakes winner Ida Hope; and MALTA produced Alabama Stakes winner Grisetta. LIZZIE LUCAS was second dam of Belmont and Withers Stakes winner Delhi (1901), a champion at three and age four; she was also second dam, through another daughter, of Futurity winner Morello, leader of the colt's division at both ages two and three.

With the exception of the spring of 1865, when Alexander moved his most valuable stock, including *Australian and Lexington, to a farm in Illinois to avoid further raiding parties during the Civil War, *Australian lived out his days at Woodburn. He became ill in 1877, which resulted in the end of his ability to breed mares. On October 15, 1879 at the age of 21, he died in box at Woodburn.

He was a solid chestnut, an upstanding 15.3 hands (size is typical of descendants of Melbourne), leggy with good length of barrel. He was sound and full of quality, siring speed and classic ability alike. His male line continued through the generations, through Spendthrift, Hastings, Fair Play and Man O'War, and that male line continued to be known for it's size, good looks, soundness and stamina.

--by Anne Peters

AUSTRALIAN (GB), chestnut colt, 1858 - Family # 11.
West Australian
b. 1850
br. 1834
Humphrey Clinker
b. 1822
mare by Cervantes
b. 1825
Golumpus mare
br. 1831
ch. 1824
Gibside Fairy
b. 1840
Young Emilius
b. 1827
b. 1820
b. 1816
b. 1829
b. 1812
ch. 1816

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